How to of the Day This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License, except where noted otherwise. http://www.nespure.com/Main-Page Learn (and occasionally laugh) with wikiHow's, "How-to of the Day". Try a new skill every day after reading these articles with step by step images and videos. Learn new skills, solve everyday problems. From wikiHow, the wiki how-to manual. en Sun, 12 Jan 2020 11:00:01 GMT 20 wikiHow 144 37 http://www.nespure.com/Main-Page http://www.nespure.com/skins/WikiHow/whlogo-rssfeed-20140707.jpg How to Make a Doily Lamp http://www.nespure.com/Make-a-Doily-Lamp http://www.nespure.com/Make-a-Doily-Lamp If you have a bunch of old doilies lying around and don’t know what to do with them, try making a doily lamp! Use a balloon to support the doilies while you paste them together to make either a globe-style hanging lantern or an open hanging lampshade. Then, add a light bulb and light socket attached to a power cord to provide a light source and voila, your doily lamp will be ready to hang up and add a modern-chic touch to any room!

If you have a bunch of old doilies lying around and don’t know what to do with them, try making a doily lamp! Use a balloon to support the doilies while you paste them together to make either a globe-style hanging lantern or an open hanging lampshade. Then, add a light bulb and light socket attached to a power cord to provide a light source and voila, your doily lamp will be ready to hang up and add a modern-chic touch to any room!

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Forming the Lampshade

  1. Blow up a balloon to the size you want the lampshade to be. Inflate a standard balloon to as big or small as you want. It’s totally up to you how big to make the lampshade.[1]
    Make a Doily Lamp Step 1.jpg
    • You can either make a full spherical lampshade by covering the entire balloon or make a partial shade with an opening by covering part of it. Think about what design you want when you are deciding how big to blow up the balloon.
  2. Cover the balloon with a thin layer of petroleum jelly. This helps prevent the doilies from sticking to the balloon when you pop it. Make sure to coat all sides evenly with the petroleum jelly.[2]

    • If your balloon is rolling around your workspace too much, you can set it in a bowl to keep it steady.
  3. Mix white school glue, flour, and water in a bowl. Pour 4 oz (118 mL) of white school glue into a bowl. Dump in 1 tbsp (8 g) of white flour and of water, then mix it all together thoroughly using a spoon.[3]

    • It’s important to measure to get the ratios right so your doily shade is strong and maintains its shape once everything dries.
  4. Place a doily in the center at the very top of the balloon. Choose any doily you want to place at the top. Center it and smooth it out as well as you can with your hands.[4]
    Make a Doily Lamp Step 4.jpg
    • Keep in mind that the largest part of the balloon will be the bottom of the lamp if you are going to be making a full spherical shade and it will be the top of the lampshade if you are going to make an open shade.
  5. Paint a coat of the glue mixture on top of the doily using a paint brush. Start from the center and work your way out towards the edges of the doily. Apply an even coat over the entire doily.[5]

    • Try to use a paint brush that gives you good coverage of the doily, such as a paint brush.
  6. Place another doily on 1 side of the balloon so it overlaps with the first slightly. Choose a second doily for the side of the shade. Place it so it overlaps with an edge of the first doily just enough that there are no gaps and hold it in place.[6]
    Make a Doily Lamp Step 6.jpg
    • It works best if you use smaller doilies for the sides.
  7. Apply another layer of the glue mixture over the second doily. Use your paint brush to paint the entire doily with an even coat of the glue mixture. Keep holding it in place until you are finished covering it.[7]

    • You can tilt the balloon slightly so the doily on the side is closer to the top if the angle is difficult to paint at.
  8. Keep pasting doilies around the balloon until it is covered. Add doilies to the sides of the balloon one at a time and overlapping them with the surrounding doilies. Coat them with the glue mixture using your paint brush so they stick in place.[8]

    • Remember that you can either cover the entire balloon to create a globe lantern or just cover the top half to make an open lampshade.
  9. Let the doilies dry around the balloon overnight. Set the balloon covered in doilies somewhere where it won’t roll around, such as in a bowl. Let it sit at least overnight or until the doilies feel completely dry and rigid to the touch.[9]
    Make a Doily Lamp Step 9.jpg
    • Depending on the exact conditions where you are doing this project, it might take longer than a day to dry.

[Edit]Removing the Balloon and Adding a Light Bulb

  1. Pop the balloon with a pin or needle. Poke the balloon with a pin or needle to pop it and free the lampshade. The balloon will remain inside the lampshade if you made a globe-style lantern.[10]

    • If you made an open-style lampshade, you can try to just lift it off the balloon. If it is stuck to the balloon, pop the balloon so they separate.
  2. Pull the balloon out from inside the lampshade. Pull the balloon out through the hole where the mouth of the balloon was tied in a knot or through a hole in one of the doilies if possible. Discard the balloon.[11]

    • If you can’t get the balloon out right now, you will be able to pull it out through the hole you make for the light bulb in a few minutes.
  3. Screw an LED light bulb into a light socket attached to a power cord. Choose an LED light bulb that you think will look good inside the doily lamp and produce the kind of light you want. Screw it into a light socket fixture that has a power cord attached or that you can plug an extension cord into.[12]

    • Think about the whole look of the lamp when you choose the light bulb and socket. For example, if you want to create soft, peaceful lighting, you could use a white socket and cord with a light bulb that produces a warm yellow or white light.
    • LED light bulbs are the best choice because they don't get as hot as standard bulbs.
  4. Use scissors to cut a hole in the lampshade slightly smaller than the light socket. Widen the hole where the mouth of the balloon was tied off so it is just a bit smaller than the light socket if you made a spherical shade. Cut a hole in the top of the shade if you made a half or partial lampshade.[13]

    • It’s important to make the hole smaller than the light socket so the socket will support the lampshade.
    • Note that even though the hole is smaller than the bulb, you will be able to push it through because the doilies will be slightly pliant around the hole you cut.
  5. Push the light socket and bulb gently in through the hole. Carefully push the light bulb and socket inside the lampshade through the hole you cut. Cut the hole slightly bigger if you can’t get the bulb through so you don’t have to force it too hard.[14]

    • If you made a partial shade, you can just thread the power cord and light socket through the hole from underneath rather than pushing everything in through the hole.
  6. Hang the lamp from the ceiling with a metal hook. Screw a metal hook into the ceiling and hang the power cord from it if you want to hang the lampshade from the ceiling. You can also attach a metal or wooden bracket to the wall and hang the lamp from that if you want to put it closer to a wall.[15]
    Make a Doily Lamp Step 15.jpg
    • You can camouflage the power cord by wrapping rope or twine around it if you don't like how it looks on its own.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Avoid using a standard light bulb inside your doily lamp as they get very hot. Opt for an LED light bulb instead.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

  • Balloon
  • Petroleum jelly
  • White school glue
  • Doilies
  • Bowl
  • Paint brush
  • Spoon
  • Measuring spoon
  • Water
  • Flour
  • Needle or pin
  • Scissors
  • Light bulb socket with power cord
  • LED Light bulb

[Edit]References

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Sun, 12 Jan 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Become a Fitness Coach http://www.nespure.com/Become-a-Fitness-Coach http://www.nespure.com/Become-a-Fitness-Coach A fitness coach helps someone achieve their fitness goals by teaching them exercises and wellness strategies. If you're hoping to become a fitness coach, the first step is narrowing down your focus to one type of fitness. Look for a certification program that you can take to prepare you for the certification exam. Once you've finished the program, take the exam to obtain your certification, letting you start training clients. Either start applying to fitness jobs you're interested in, or market yourself as a personal fitness coach to gain clients and start your fitness coaching career.

A fitness coach helps someone achieve their fitness goals by teaching them exercises and wellness strategies. If you're hoping to become a fitness coach, the first step is narrowing down your focus to one type of fitness. Look for a certification program that you can take to prepare you for the certification exam. Once you've finished the program, take the exam to obtain your certification, letting you start training clients. Either start applying to fitness jobs you're interested in, or market yourself as a personal fitness coach to gain clients and start your fitness coaching career.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Becoming Certified

  1. Decide what your fitness focus will be. Choose whether you’ll be a group fitness instructor, teaching things like cycling, step aerobics, or boxing, or if you’ll be a personal trainer who only works with individual clients. Decide if you want to work in a class setting, work one-on-one, or even do both, as well as picking a specific type of fitness.[1]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 1.jpg
    • Most professional fitness certifications, like ACE or NASM, offer certifications for many different specific types of fitness.
    • For example, a group fitness instructor might take the ACE Group Fitness Instructor Exam, while a personal trainer could get their certification through the National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) with a weight loss specialization.
    • If you’re a group fitness teacher, you’ll choreograph movements for your own classes.
    • A fitness coach who only works with individual people at once will need knowledge about how to create a fitness plan based on one person’s fitness goals, meaning knowledge about various types of fitness goals is desired.
  2. Research online programs that offer the training you need. Certification programs are online courses that offer the content you'll need. Once you’ve chosen your desired fitness type, search for certification programs online that will teach you everything you need to know to pass your specific certification. Popular options include the American Council on Exercise (ACE), International Sports Sciences Association (ISSA), or the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA). Each of these will let you choose the specific type of specialization you'd like.[2]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 2.jpg
    • Explore what different certification courses offer online so that you can choose the best one for your needs.
    • Programs are also offered by the National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) and the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM).
  3. Enroll in your chosen program and pay all the required fees. Many programs have options for how much or how little you'd like to purchase. For example, you might have access to live workshops, coaches and mentors, or an accelerated program if you pay a higher price. Besides paying for the actual program, you'll likely need to pay for the exam and learning materials (such as textbooks) as well.[3]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 3.jpg
    • The prices for each organization range widely, with programs costing anywhere from $450-$1,200 or more. Some programs include the cost of the exam in their program total, so check before submitting your payment to see if it's included.
    • Many programs offer deals giving you a certain percentage off if you sign up quickly.
  4. Complete the coursework to learn the certification requirements. Most programs are online and will offer a digital or physical textbook, video lectures, and practice exams. Take your time as you're going through the coursework, studying the information thoroughly to be sure you remember it all. Check out what kind of extra study guides or learning activities your program offers.[4]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 4.jpg
    • While participating in the program, you’ll learn about nutrition, exercise techniques, anatomy, and other topics related to your specific certification.
    • These programs are usually self-paced, meaning you can take as long or as a short of a time studying the coursework as needed.
    • A few programs may require that you finish the coursework in a certain amount of time, such as three months.
  5. Take the certification exam after studying all of the important elements. The exam will contain a written test, and many exams also contain a practical section that tests your understanding of proper exercise techniques. Study the program material thoroughly before taking the test so you’re sure to pass it.[5]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 5.jpg
    • Many certification programs offer study materials such as practice tests and workshops to help you get ready.
    • The exam will also test your ability to create exercise programs for different clients?needs, as well as how to assess someone’s fitness level.
  6. Get CPR training, as many jobs or certification agencies require it. Whether your certification requires it or not, CPR is a very useful skill to have as a fitness coach because it ensures you can help a client out if they ever need medical assistance. Find a local CPR class near you and sign up to learn the proper training.[6]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 6.jpg
    • Find a class by typing "CPR classes near me" into an online search engine.
  7. Earn a degree in a health- or fitness-related field, if applicable. Some employers may require you to have a bachelor’s degree, or even a master’s degree, in a subject such as kinesiology, physical education, or exercise science. If you have the resources and desire to further your education, consider enrolling in a college that offers a fitness-related subject you’d like to study, taking classes in person or online.[7]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 7.jpg
    • Do an online search to find colleges and universities that offer degrees related to fitness and wellness.

[Edit]Finding Clients or a Job

  1. Apply to jobs at places like boutique fitness companies and gyms. These sorts of places are almost always looking for new people to teach clients. Send in your resume or apply to open jobs at recreation centers, health clubs, dance studios, or other fitness associations.[8]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 8.jpg
    • Have a resume that reflects your skills, education, and certification related to the job you’re applying for.
  2. Build your own client base if you want to be self-employed. If you’d rather be in charge of your own schedule and work with clients one-on-one, create a brand for yourself. Decide what you’ll offer clients in the way of exercise and health coaching, gather any equipment you'll need for the training, and put your information on social media and online for people to find.[9]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 9.jpg
    • Consider creating your own website or social media page to promote your business.
    • Offer to meet clients at a gym that you're a member of, or outdoors if the weather is nice.
    • The gear you'll need to work with clients will depend on your specialized fitness instruction. For example, a personal fitness trainer might need access to things like weights and resistance bands while a yoga instructor needs yoga mats or yoga blocks.
    • Bring one set of equipment to share with your client, or suggest that your client purchase their own equipment to keep with them.
  3. Spread the word that you’re a certified fitness coach using social media and videos. Make videos of clips of your workout routines so people get an idea of what it’s like to train with you. Create Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and LinkedIn pages so that more and more people will be able to find your services.[10]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 10.jpg
    • Reach out to people locally by attending fitness meetups or workout events.
    • Consider being an online-only fitness coach who creates videos for a wide audience to reference.
  4. Team up with another certified fitness coach to help you gain experience. This is a great way to learn the ins and outs of being a fitness coach in a more hands-on way. Ask a fitness coach that you know if you could teach a client or class alongside them. Pay attention to how they interact and instruct their clients to learn from their methods.[11]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 11.jpg
    • This is especially helpful if you’re nervous about coaching clients by yourself for the first time.

[Edit]Honing Necessary Skills

  1. Continue learning about staying healthy, both through food and exercise. To be a successful fitness coach, learn as much about health and wellness as possible, including nutrition, how to control your weight, and healthy lifestyle practices. Use this knowledge to help your clients reach their fitness and health goals.[12]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 12.jpg
    • Knowing as much as possible about health and fitness will show that you’re passionate about the subject.
    • Read health and fitness books, attend conferences and classes, watch videos, and participate in other fitness classes to help you learn new things.
  2. Stay energetic and encouraging to practice your motivational skills. A great fitness coach can motivate people to keep going even when they don’t want to. Practice this skill by doing things like staying positive when you’re teaching, using an encouraging voice, and exuding energy that’s contagious.[13]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 13.jpg
    • Watch other fitness trainers in action to see how they give off energy while motivating others.
    • You might say things like, “You’re doing great! See if you can push yourself a little bit further!?/li>
  3. Practice demonstrating and explaining different exercise techniques. This is the best way your clients will learn from you. Spend time pretending that you’re teaching someone different exercises, going slowly and making sure to explain the proper form with your words as well as with your body.[14]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 14.jpg
    • Practice explaining any safety rules that go along with an exercise, or how to tell when you’re doing an exercise right.
  4. Learn how to make modifications to your exercise routine or class. Sometimes a client or class participant won’t be able to do exactly what you’ve planned for the routine due to a physical limitation or other factor. Always have modifications planned for each exercise so that everyone is able to participate in some kind of way.[15]
    Become a Fitness Coach Step 15.jpg
    • You might have different variations of an exercise depending on the person’s skill level.
    • For example, you might show them how to do a regular pushup with both legs extended, with the modified version being a pushup on their knees.

[Edit]Tips

  • Keep your certification (your fitness training certification as well as your CPR certification) up to date by renewing it before it expires, often every 1-2 years.
  • Look up requirements regarding your state's fitness certification standards.
  • Some employers may require you to have a bachelor's degree in a fitness-related subject such as kinesiology, physical education, or exercise science.
  • Consider hiring your own fitness coach to learn from their techniques and examples.

[Edit]References

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Sun, 12 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Save a Wet Cell Phone http://www.nespure.com/Save-a-Wet-Cell-Phone http://www.nespure.com/Save-a-Wet-Cell-Phone If your cellphone has gotten wet, don’t despair. Even if you dropped it into the sink, toilet, or bathtub, you may be able to save it. The most important thing you can do is act fast. Take it out of the water as soon as possible. Then turn it off, take out the battery, and remove all accessories. Try to remove as much water from it as you can with towels and a vacuum cleaner. Then, put it in a bowl of instant rice or other absorbent material for 48-72 hours before turning it on. With a little luck and fast action, your cellphone may survive its brush with death.

If your cellphone has gotten wet, don’t despair. Even if you dropped it into the sink, toilet, or bathtub, you may be able to save it. The most important thing you can do is act fast. Take it out of the water as soon as possible. Then turn it off, take out the battery, and remove all accessories. Try to remove as much water from it as you can with towels and a vacuum cleaner. Then, put it in a bowl of instant rice or other absorbent material for 48-72 hours before turning it on. With a little luck and fast action, your cellphone may survive its brush with death.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Acting Quickly to Minimize Water Damage

  1. Take your phone out of the water as soon as possible unless it’s plugged in. The longer your phone’s in water, the more damage it will sustain. If your phone has been submerged for a long period of time, you may not be able to resuscitate it.[1]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 1 Version 6.jpg
  2. Disconnect the power if your phone is plugged in and in water. If your phone is plugged into a wall charger and submerged in water, turn off power to the outlet before attempting to remove it from the water. Taking your phone out of water while it’s plugged in may result in an electric shock.[2]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 2 Version 7.jpg
    • Turning off the power at a fuse box is the safest way to do this.
  3. Turn your phone off immediately, even if it seems to be working. Leaving it on can cause it to short circuit. If it’s been in water, assume it is waterlogged whether it is still working or not.[3]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 3 Version 5.jpg
    • Don’t turn on your phone to see if it’s working.
  4. Remove your phone’s battery and cover and place them on paper towels. After removing the phone from the water, quickly gather some paper towels or soft cloths. Lay your phone on top of them while you remove the battery cover and battery. You will need a Philips screwdriver to open most phones. If you have an iPhone, though, you’ll need a special “pentalobe?screwdriver.[4]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 4 Version 6.jpg
    • Read the manual to your phone if you're not sure how to remove the battery.
    • This is one of the most important steps to saving your phone. Many circuits inside the phone will survive submersion in water if they’re not attached to a power source (battery) when wet.
    • To find out if the phone is truly water damaged, check the water damage indicator. In most cases, the indicator is located in the battery compartment behind the battery, or on the battery itself, depending on the phone model. Normally, it will look like a white square or circle. If this is pink or red, your phone has water damage.[5]
    • On many iPhone models, the water damage indicator is located on the side of the phone (in the SIM card slot) or at the bottom, near the charging port or headphone jack.[6]
  5. Take out the SIM card if your phone has one. After removing the SIM card, pat it down with a dry paper towel or cloth. Set it on a dry cloth or paper towel to dry out until you reconnect your phone to your cell network. If your phone does not have a SIM card, you can skip this step.[7]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 5 Version 5.jpg
    • Some or all of your valuable contacts (along with other data) are stored on your SIM card. In many cases, this may be more valuable and worthy of saving than the phone itself.
  6. Detach any accessories that may be on your phone. Remove any protective covers, ear buds, memory cards, or other things that attach to your phone. Be sure to expose all the phone’s slots and crevices to the open air so they can dry properly.[8]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 6 Version 5.jpg

[Edit]Drying Your Phone

  1. Put your phone in a bowl of uncooked instant rice for 48-72 hours. Pour 4 cups (900 g) of rice into a large bowl. Then bury your phone and its disconnected battery in the rice. The rice will help draw out any residual moisture in your device.[9]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 7 Version 5.jpg
    • Rotate the phone to a different position every hour until you go to sleep. This will allow any water left inside to run down and hopefully find an opening to escape through.[10]
    • Regular uncooked white or brown rice isn’t as absorbent as instant rice and won’t work as well.
  2. Use silica gel packets instead of instant rice if you have some. Place the silica gel packet(s), your phone, and the disconnected battery into a container. Then let the phone sit for 48-72 hours to give the gel time to absorb any moisture remaining in your phone.[11]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 8 Version 5.jpg
    • Silica gel packets are those little packets that come with new shoes, purses, noodle packets, and other products.
    • Speed is the most important element in saving your wet phone, so use rice or another desiccant if you don't have any silica packets lying around.
    • There’s no need to open the packets. Simply place them in the container with your phone.
  3. Cover your phone with 4 cups (about .5 kg) of crystal cat litter. If you don’t have instant rice or silica gel packets lying around, crystal cat litter is another option. Pour a layer of cat litter into a container that’s at least in size. Then, lay your open phone and its detached battery on top of this layer. Pour in the rest of the litter to fully cover your phone.[12]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 9 Version 6.jpg
    • You can find crystal cat litter at most grocery stores and pet-supply shops.
    • Don’t use clay-based or other types of cat litter. Only crystal cat litter, which is made of silica gel, will work.
    • Other desiccants, like couscous pearls and instant oatmeal, will also work just as well.
  4. Suck the water out of your phone with a vacuum cleaner. Fit a hose attachment onto your vacuum cleaner. Then, set it to its highest setting and vacuum near all your phone’s openings.[13]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 10 Version 5.jpg
    • If you have one, a wet/dry vac would work especially well for this step.
    • This is the fastest method and can completely dry out your phone and get it working in 30 minutes. However, unless the exposure to water was extremely short, don’t attempt to turn your phone on this soon.
  5. Use an air compressor to blow water out of your phone. Set your air compressor to a low psi (pounds per square inch) setting. Then, blow the air across the surface of your phone and its ports.[14]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 11 Version 5.jpg
    • Alternatively, you can use a can of compressed air.
    • Using a higher psi may damage the inner components of your phone.
    • Don’t use a hair dryer to dry out your phone. The warm air may damage components in your phone.
  6. Wipe your phone and battery dry with a soft rag or towel. As you’re blowing or vacuuming your phone dry, gently wipe as much water off its surface as possible. Drying the inside of your phone is your priority, but you’ll also want to dry its outside.[15]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 12 Version 5.jpg
    • Avoid shaking or moving the phone excessively, so as to avoid moving water through it.
  7. Leave your phone in open air with a fan as another option. Place your phone on top of a dry towel or other absorbent surface. Then, if you have a fan, turn it on and position it so that it will blow air across your phone’s surface.[16]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 13 Version 4.jpg
  8. Wait 48-72 hours, then turn on your phone. Before turning on your phone, check to see that it’s clean and looks dry. Wipe away or vacuum any dust and dirt from the device and the detached battery. Then, insert the battery into the phone and try to power it on.[17]
    Save a Wet Cell Phone Step 14 Version 4.jpg
    • The longer you wait to turn on your phone, the more likely it is to survive.

[Edit]Tips

  • Take your cell phone to an authorized dealer if you can’t get it to work. They may be able to fix it.
  • Be careful when putting phones in rice, since the grains can get stuck in the charging/headphone ports.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Don’t try to unplug a phone that’s sitting in water, as it could lead to an electric shock. Remove your phone from water only after you cut off power to the outlet.
  • Don’t try to take your phone apart unless you’ve been trained to do so.
  • Avoid trying to dry your phone with heat, as this may damage your phone even more.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

  • Paper towels or dry cloths
  • Vacuum cleaner
  • Air compressor (optional)
  • Large bowl
  • Instant rice or crystal cat litter
  • Silica gel packets (optional)

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

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Sat, 11 Jan 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Make Snowcream http://www.nespure.com/Make-Snowcream http://www.nespure.com/Make-Snowcream Making snowcream is a delicious way to take advantage of living in an area that gets a lot of snow in the winter. Snowcream is just like ice cream, except it’s made with fresh snow! Snowcream is thus not only tasty and convenient, it’s also very easy to make. All you need to do is mix milk, sugar, vanilla extract, and snow in a bowl!

Making snowcream is a delicious way to take advantage of living in an area that gets a lot of snow in the winter. Snowcream is just like ice cream, except it’s made with fresh snow! Snowcream is thus not only tasty and convenient, it’s also very easy to make. All you need to do is mix milk, sugar, vanilla extract, and snow in a bowl!

[Edit]Ingredients

  • of fresh snow
  • of milk
  • ½ cup (50 grams) of granulated sugar
  • of vanilla extract

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Collecting the Snow and Keeping It Cold

  1. Clean a bowl and let it dry. Use dish soap and warm water to thoroughly clean your bowl. Let the bowl air dry overnight, or use a towel to dry it if you want to use it immediately.[1]

    • The bowl will need to be as clean as possible, since you’ll be eating snow that you collect in it.
    • Making sure the bowl is dry will prevent unwanted ice forming at the bottom of it.
  2. Place the bowl in a safe location outside while it’s snowing. Put it on a picnic table or the smooth top of a dog house where it won’t be easily knocked over. Falling snow is generally much cleaner than snow on the ground, so collecting it in a bowl is the best way to get clean snow for your snowcream.[2]
    Make Snowcream Step 2 Version 3.jpg
    • Refrain from putting the bowl on the ground to keep small animals from getting into it.
  3. Make an ice bath in a bowl and set it aside. Fill the bowl ¼ full with ice cubes and water. You’ll place the bowl of snow inside this ice bath, so be sure to not fill the bowl more than ¼ full.[3]
    Make Snowcream Step 3 Version 3.jpg
    • If you put too much ice and water in this bowl, putting the bowl of snow inside it may cause the water to overflow and pour out of the sides.
  4. Take the bowl inside once it’s full and place it in the ice bath. You’ll want to collect of snow, which is equal to the the volume of your bowl.[4]

    • For best results, use the snow immediately after you collect it. However, if you can’t use it right away, storing it in the freezer until you’re reading to add the other ingredients to it is the next best thing.

[Edit]Mixing Your Ingredients into the Snow

  1. Whisk your milk, sugar, and vanilla extract together in a separate bowl. Mix together of milk, ½ cup (50 grams) of granulated sugar, and of vanilla extract in a bowl with tall sides to prevent the milk from splashing out. Continue to whisk these ingredients until they’re fully mixed together.[5]

    • You can use any type of milk for this step, even condensed milk!
    • If you want to make flavored snowcream, use chocolate or strawberry milk for this step.
  2. Add the milk and sugar mixture to your snow. Use a wooden spoon to mix the milk mixture and the snow together. Chop and stir the ingredients with the spoon until they begin to resemble the consistency of ice cream.[6]

    • Make sure the ingredients are evenly mixed, as well. You shouldn’t see any lumps of sugar or dark spots in your mixture.
  3. Add toppings to your snowcream, if desired, and serve. The snowcream melts pretty quickly, so serve it right away in small bowls for the best results. Some examples of toppings to put on your snowcream include sprinkles, chocolate chips, cherries, or whipped cream.[7]

    • Unfortunately, storing your snowcream in the freezer will lead it to freeze into a solid block of ice, so you’ll have to eat it right away.

[Edit]Video

[Edit]Warnings

  • Your snowcream will be very cold once it’s made, so don’t eat too much at once!

[Edit]Things You'll Need

  • 3 bowls
  • Snow
  • Whisk
  • Wooden spoon

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Sat, 11 Jan 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Use Cinnamon Sticks http://www.nespure.com/Use-Cinnamon-Sticks http://www.nespure.com/Use-Cinnamon-Sticks Cinnamon sticks are a delicious and aromatic form of cinnamon that can be used in a wide variety of ways. You can use cinnamon sticks to create various useful and one-of-a-kind crafts, or to add a subtle spice flavor to various dishes. When steeped in liquid, cinnamon sticks can also be used to make delicious, uniquely spiced beverages.

Cinnamon sticks are a delicious and aromatic form of cinnamon that can be used in a wide variety of ways. You can use cinnamon sticks to create various useful and one-of-a-kind crafts, or to add a subtle spice flavor to various dishes. When steeped in liquid, cinnamon sticks can also be used to make delicious, uniquely spiced beverages.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Crafting with Cinnamon Sticks

  1. Use cinnamon sticks and leather cord to make scented ornaments. String a piece of leather cord, about long, through the hollow center of 3 cinnamon sticks. Fold the cinnamon sticks into a triangle shape, then pull the cord tight to secure the shape. Tie the loose ends together at the top. To hang the ornament, cut another piece of leather cord about . Loop it around the top of the triangle and tie it in a knot to secure.[1]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • You can also use a piece of twine or hemp instead of a leather cord.
    • For more of a holiday vibe, use craft glue to glue a piece of tree garland onto the bottom corner of the triangle cinnamon ornament.[2]
  2. Make a fall-ready cinnamon stick candle. Coarsely chop 4 cinnamon sticks and set aside. Set out your candle holder (you can use a jar, small bowl, or any small container you’d like) on a flat surface. Lay one end of a candle wick in the center of the bowl then wrap the other end around a pencil to hold the wick straight up and in place. Melt candle wax in a nonstick pan on low heat. Once melted, mix the chopped cinnamon sticks into the wax and quickly pour the hot wax into the candle holder to fill it about ¾ of the way up.[3]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 2 Version 2.jpg
    • Let the wax cool and harden for at least 15 minutes before removing the pencil and trimming the wick as needed.
    • To make your candle’s cinnamon scent stronger, add a few drops of cinnamon extract to the wax as its melting.[4]
  3. Craft your own homemade spice potpourri. Preheat your oven to . Thinly slice an apple and an orange and lay the slices flat on a baking sheet. Bake the fruit slices for an hour and a half, then remove them from the oven to cool. Once cool, mix the slices in a large jar with about 2 tablespoons (28.3 grams) of cloves, 3 to 5 cinnamon sticks, and about 2 tablespoons (28.3 grams) of star anise..[5]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 3 Version 2.jpg
    • Put the lid on the jar and let the mixture settle for 1 day before pouring out and displaying it in a bowl or decorative jar.[6]
  4. Secure cinnamon sticks together for easy scented drink coasters. Set out about 5 or 6 cinnamon sticks. Add a dab of craft glue to the center of one of the cinnamon sticks, and press another stick to it firmly to secure the two together. Repeat this process until all 5 or 6 cinnamon sticks are glued together.[7]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • To add a bit more visual interest to your coasters, weave a piece of colorful string or twine along the ends of the cinnamon sticks (like a log raft). This will make your coasters look a bit more finished.[8]
  5. Tie cinnamon sticks onto gifts for an added personal touch. For an easy way to elevate your fall or holiday gifts, use ribbon, twine, or holiday-colored string to tie a few cinnamon sticks onto your wrapped gifts. The recipient will surely appreciate your added effort and the pleasant scent.
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • In addition to wrapped gifts, you can tie a few cinnamon sticks onto soaps, jam jars, or cider mix for an easy yet thoughtful gift for your friends, neighbors, or family members.[9]
  6. Make a moth-repelling pouch for your closet. Fill a small mesh baggie or sachet with a cinnamon stick, 1 tablespoon (14.3 grams) of black peppercorns, and 1 tablespoon (14.3 grams) of whole cloves. Hang the pouch on a hanger in your closet, or place it in a dresser drawer to keep moths off of your clothing.[10]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 6 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]Cooking with Cinnamon Sticks

  1. Make an easy homemade cinnamon syrup. Add 4 cinnamon sticks to of water in a pot. Turn the stove on high to bring the water to a boil, then reduce the heat to a simmer. Let the cinnamon sticks simmer for about 25 minutes, then turn off the stovetop and let the pot cool for 15 minutes. Remove the cinnamon sticks from the water, then add 1.5 cups (192 grams) of white sugar. Turn the stovetop back on low and reheat the water for 7 minutes, stirring frequently. Once the sugar is dissolved, let the syrup cool before using or storing in a jar.[11]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 7 Version 2.jpg
    • You may need to run the syrup through a strainer if any cinnamon stick particles came off while they were boiling.[12]
    • Use your homemade cinnamon syrup on ice cream, in cocktails or other drinks, or on waffles or pancakes.
  2. Put a cinnamon stick in your rice cooker for a unique flavor. To give your rice a hint of a rich spice flavor, place a cinnamon stick on top of the rice after you add it to the rice cooker. Then, cook the rice according to the instructions.[13]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 8.jpg
    • If you don’t have a rice cooker, you can also add a cinnamon stick to a pot of rice and water and cook according to the instructions on the stovetop.
    • Cinnamon stick rice works particularly well in or with Asian, Middle Eastern, and North African dishes.[14]
  3. Simmer a cinnamon stick in oatmeal for a comforting breakfast. When cooking oatmeal on the stove or in a slow cooker, add 1 or 2 cinnamon sticks, depending on your taste preference. This will give your oats an extra comforting spice flavor.[15]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 9.jpg
    • Cinnamon sticks are a great addition to oatmeal made with apples, peaches, raisins, or pumpkin puree.
  4. Use a cinnamon stick to flavor slow cooker meats, stews, and curries. When you’re slow cooking beef, chicken, pork, or lamb, or when making a stew or curry dish, add a cinnamon stick right before you turn the slow cooker on. The cinnamon stick won’t make the meat or stew taste strongly of cinnamon, but will add a subtle rich spice flavor.[16]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 10.jpg
    • Adding a cinnamon stick to slow cooker chili will also add a great subtle flavor.[17]
  5. Soak cinnamon sticks in rum for a homemade cinnamon essence. Pour of light or dark rum into a container with a lid. Add 2 cinnamon sticks to the container before replacing the lid on the container. Store the rum and cinnamon mixture in a cool, dark place for about 2 weeks, shaking it daily to ensure that the flavors are infused.
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 11.jpg
    • You can then use your homemade cinnamon essence in almost any recipe that calls for cinnamon extract.[18] Note, however, that the cinnamon essence will be a bit sweeter than cinnamon extract because of the sweetness in the rum.

[Edit]Making Cinnamon Stick Drinks

  1. Use cinnamon sticks to add spice to homemade mulled wine. Add of apple cider, 1 bottle of red wine, of honey, 2 cinnamon sticks, 1 orange zested and juiced, 4 cloves, and 3 star anise pods to a large saucepan. Turn the stovetop on high to bring the liquid to a boil, then reduce the heat to a simmer. Let the mixture simmer for 10 minutes, then turn the stovetop off and let it cool before serving.[19]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 12.jpg
    • Add an orange peel or cinnamon stick stirrer for an extra garnish. 
  2. Add flavor to tea or cider by using a cinnamon stick to stir. Make your tea or apple cider as directed. Once your drink is finished, use a cinnamon stick to stir while it’s still hot. You can stir with the cinnamon briefly to add just a bit of flavor, or leave the stick in to seep while you drink.[20]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 13.jpg
    • To add a bit of a kick to your cinnamon stick tea, add of whiskey, of honey, and a squeeze of lemon juice to make a cinnamon tea hot toddie.[21]
    • You can use a cinnamon stick as a stirrer several times before it’ll lose its flavor. Just rinse it with hot water and let it dry before using it again.[22]
  3. Boil a cinnamon stick with hot chocolate. To make a traditional New Mexico hot chocolate, pour milk, cocoa powder, and white sugar into a saucepan. Add a cinnamon stick, then turn the stovetop on low. Bring the liquid to a simmer while stirring consistently to combine. Once it reaches a low boil, turn the stovetop off and let it cool before pouring it into a mug to enjoy.[23]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 14.jpg
    • You can either leave the cinnamon stick in the hot chocolate when you pour it into a mug, or remove it with a spoon if you prefer.
    • You can use a pre-packaged hot chocolate mix instead on cocoa and sugar. 
  4. Put cinnamon sticks in your coffee maker for uniquely flavored coffee. Pour your desired amount of coffee grounds into the coffee maker as you usually do. Then, lay a cinnamon stick on top of the coffee grounds. Turn the coffee maker on and brew as usual.[24]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 15.jpg
    • This will only add a subtle cinnamon flavor. If you want the cinnamon to be stronger, use another cinnamon stick to stir your coffee while it’s still hot. 
  5. Make simple cinnamon tisane for a comforting hot drink. Heat up a mug of water in a kettle or in the microwave. Once heated to your desired temperature, steep a cinnamon stick in hot water for about 10 minutes.[25]
    Use Cinnamon Sticks Step 16.jpg
    • While quite simple, cinnamon tisane can be very effective in helping to soothe an upset stomach.[26]
    • Because of its antimicrobial prosperities, you can also use cinnamon tisane to treat athlete’s foot by making a larger batch and soaking your feet in the mixture for about 20 minutes as needed.[27]

[Edit]References

  1. ?/a> https://www.homedit.com/cinnamon-stick-crafts/
  2. ?/a> https://www.homedit.com/cinnamon-stick-crafts/
  3. ?/a> https://www.tagandtibby.com/blog/2016/9/7/how-to-make-scented-candles
  4. ?/a> https://www.tagandtibby.com/blog/2016/9/7/how-to-make-scented-candles
  5. ?/a> https://julieblanner.com/homemade-potpourri-gift/
  6. ?/a> https://julieblanner.com/homemade-potpourri-gift/
  7. ?/a> https://www.homedit.com/cinnamon-stick-crafts/
  8. ?/a> http://cutediys.com/diy-cinnamon-stick-coasters/
  9. ?/a> https://thecottagemarket.com/top-farmhouse-style-cinnamon-stick-crafts/
  10. ?/a> https://www.onegoodthingbyjillee.com/uses-for-cinnamon/
  11. ?/a> https://www.cinnamonvogue.com/cinnamon_syrup_recipe.html
  12. ?/a> https://www.cinnamonvogue.com/cinnamon_syrup_recipe.html
  13. ?/a> https://www.kcet.org/food/6-uses-for-cinnamon-sticks-that-dont-involve-dessert
  14. ?/a> https://www.kcet.org/food/6-uses-for-cinnamon-sticks-that-dont-involve-dessert
  15. ?/a> https://www.kcet.org/food/6-uses-for-cinnamon-sticks-that-dont-involve-dessert
  16. ?/a> https://www.kcet.org/food/6-uses-for-cinnamon-sticks-that-dont-involve-dessert
  17. ?/a> https://www.thekitchn.com/5-great-reasons-you-should-keep-cinnamon-sticks-in-your-kitchen-tips-from-the-kitchn-210555
  18. ?/a> https://www.cinnamonvogue.com/cinnamon_stick_uses_1.html
  19. ?/a> https://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/ina-garten/mulled-wine-recipe-1950801
  20. ?/a> https://www.kcet.org/food/6-uses-for-cinnamon-sticks-that-dont-involve-dessert
  21. ?/a> https://www.kcet.org/food/6-uses-for-cinnamon-sticks-that-dont-involve-dessert
  22. ?/a> https://naturalgreenmom.com/how-to-use-cinnamon-sticks-you-can-reuse-them/
  23. ?/a> https://www.myrecipes.com/how-to/7-ways-with/recipes-using-cinnamon?slide=63519#63519
  24. ?/a> https://www.thekitchn.com/5-great-reasons-you-should-keep-cinnamon-sticks-in-your-kitchen-tips-from-the-kitchn-210555
  25. ?/a> https://www.thekitchn.com/5-great-reasons-you-should-keep-cinnamon-sticks-in-your-kitchen-tips-from-the-kitchn-210555
  26. ?/a> https://www.onegoodthingbyjillee.com/uses-for-cinnamon/
  27. ?/a> https://www.onegoodthingbyjillee.com/uses-for-cinnamon/
]]>
Sat, 11 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Start Biking http://www.nespure.com/Start-Biking http://www.nespure.com/Start-Biking Getting into the habit of biking daily can be quite easy so long as you get the right equipment and don’t get too ambitious at the beginning. To start, choose between a road or mountain bike based on the type of terrain that you’ll be biking on. Then, get a solid helmet and download a cycling app that will make it easy to track your distance and speed. Start off with a small goal of biking per ride. Bike 2-4 times a week based on your level of comfort until you’re able to bike for longer distances more regularly.

Getting into the habit of biking daily can be quite easy so long as you get the right equipment and don’t get too ambitious at the beginning. To start, choose between a road or mountain bike based on the type of terrain that you’ll be biking on. Then, get a solid helmet and download a cycling app that will make it easy to track your distance and speed. Start off with a small goal of biking per ride. Bike 2-4 times a week based on your level of comfort until you’re able to bike for longer distances more regularly.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Buying a Bike

  1. Get a mountain bike if you want to ride on unpaved surfaces. Mountain bikes aren’t exclusively for mountains! If you plan on regularly riding on dirt, unpaved gravel, or grass, select a mountain bike to make your experience more comfortable. Mountain bikes are heavier and have strong frames, which helps keep them from breaking or losing traction on rocky terrain or bumpy surfaces.[1]
    Start Biking Step 1.jpg
    • If you’re going to be biking over long distances, look for a bike with a clip for your water bottle.
    • Mountain bikes can be kind of heavy and bulky. If you plan on keeping it in your home, keep the storage space in mind when looking at a bike.
    • A used mountain bike will usually cost $100-300. New mountain bikes tend to be at least $400, but you’ll regularly see prices in the $1000-2000 range.
  2. Select a lightweight road bicycle if you’ll be riding on paved roads. If you’re going to be doing most of your biking on streets or paved trails, select a road bike. Road bikes are smaller than mountain bikes and have thinner wheels, which makes it easier to get them up to a higher speed. Road bikes are also lighter, which makes them easier to steer, carry, and maneuver.[2]
    Start Biking Step 2.jpg
    • If you live in an apartment and will ever have to bring your bike inside, a road bike will be easier to store than a mountain bike.
    • Used mountain and road bikes tend to be equally expensive. Expect to spend $100-300 on a used road bike. A new road bike will cost $400-$1000.
    • Racing bicycles are a type of road bike. They tend to be extremely light and they’re designed to go as fast as possible on paved surfaces. They tend to be quite expensive and fragile though, so don’t pick a racing bike to start unless you’re always going to be biking on smooth pavement with no obstacles.
  3. Get a folding bicycle if you’re tight on space or live in an apartment. If you live in a second or third-floor apartment or you have no storage space whatsoever, buy a folding bicycle. Folding bikes can be easily disassembled to make them smaller, and they are extremely lightweight. However, they can’t go very fast and they’re awful at making it up hills. This makes folding bikes an excellent option if your only purpose is to make short trips in a congested area.[3]
    Start Biking Step 3.jpg
    • Folding bikes are usually a little cheaper than a mountain or road bike. New folding bikes are usually $100-300, but they’re even cheaper if you can find a used one.
  4. Buy a used bike if you’re just starting out. The cost differential between new and used bikes can be quite extreme. You can get a solid used bike for $150, but a decent model that is brand new may cost you $500-1,000. Since you’re just starting out, you may not know what your preferences are. If you get a new bike and it turns out that it isn’t right for you, you’ll be out quite a bit of money. On the other hand, selling a used bike and getting a different model isn’t that big of a deal.[4]
    Start Biking Step 4.jpg
    • Used bikes aren’t necessarily worse than new bikes. They just tend to not be as shiny and may not have a ton of features. A used bike can ride just as well as a new bike, though.
  5. Avoid a custom or fixed-gear bike until you’re used to biking regularly. To save yourself some money and heartbreak, wait until you know precisely what you’re looking for before buying a custom or fixed-gear bike. Fixed-gear bikes don’t have brakes, and they can be quite difficult to get used to if you’ve never controlled one. Custom bikes will come with features and components that you won’t even notice unless you’re a veteran rider.[5]
    Start Biking Step 5.jpg
    • Custom bikes use specific, buyer-requested components to achieve a certain weight balance, feel, and frame structure. This is unnecessary for someone that’s just starting out.
  6. Go to a reputable bike shop and get a bike that feels right. Don’t buy your bike online. Instead, go to a local bike shop and ask to test ride some models that look interesting to you. When taking a test ride, make sure that the bike is comfortable and feels good in your hands. Your bike should be easy to maneuver and pedal. Once you’ve found a bike that you like, pay for it and enjoy your new ride.[6]
    Start Biking Step 6.jpg
    • While some high-end bike shops don’t sell used models, almost every other bike shop sells used bikes.
    • Don’t worry if the bike squeaks when you ride it. The shop will adjust the brakes and oil the chain for you before you walk off with it.
    • Buy a bike with gears. This will make it easier to control how fast you pedal. Almost all road and mountain bikes have gears. The gears look like little knobs or switches on the handlebar that you can turn to change the track that the chain is on.

[Edit]Getting the Appropriate Gear

  1. Buy a new helmet that fits your head comfortably. A helmet is mandatory if you want to ride a bike. Get a helmet with a hard shell that fits your head. The helmet should be tight enough that it doesn’t fall off while you’re riding, but loose enough that it doesn’t hurt when you wear it for an extended period of time.[7]
    Start Biking Step 7.jpg
    • The difference in pricing between helmets is usually based on how aerodynamic or stylish it is. Unless you plan on racing in the future, go ahead and grab a cheaper model. Feel free to spend a little for a fashionable helmet, though!
  2. Select a comfortable pair of bike shorts if you’re taking long rides. All of the fancy bike clothing isn’t mandatory for an amateur cyclist, although it does serve a purpose. If you are certain that biking is going to become a regular activity for you, pick up a comfortable pair of bike shorts. Bike shorts are tighter, and usually made of spandex or nylon. They’re designed to keep your thighs from chaffing and your pants from catching in the chain as you ride.[8]
    Start Biking Step 8.jpg
    • You can ride a bike while wearing regular pants if you’d like. Sweatpants, jeans, and athletic shorts are all perfectly fine to bike in. If you do find your pants getting caught in the chain regularly, roll your left pant leg up to keep it raised about the gears.
  3. Purchase a cycling jersey if you want to stay dry while you ride. Bike jerseys are tight-fitting nylon or spandex shirts. They tend to be brightly colored so that you’re highly visible when riding at night. They’re also highly absorbent and will soak up sweat as you ride to keep you dry. Get a comfortable bike jersey that fits well to stay dray and visible.[9]
    Start Biking Step 9.jpg
    • Again, specialized cycling clothing isn’t required if you’re a beginner. You can easily ride in a T-shirt, tank top, sweater, or jacket.
    • If you’re going to wear a regular shirt and bike at night, throw on a reflective vest so that drivers and pedestrians can easily see you.
  4. Wear athletic shoes before moving up to cycling shoes. Cycling shoes have ridges that hook into the grooves of some bike pedals. Since you’re probably starting out with standard pedals, they aren’t necessary. Wear a good pair of tennis or running shoes when starting out. Tie your laces tight and double-knot your shoes to keep the laces from getting caught in the chain. If they do get caught regularly, you can tuck your laces into your shoes before you get on your bike.[10]
    Start Biking Step 10.jpg
    • The other purpose of cycling shoes is to make your energy transfer more efficient as you ride. Your goal when starting out should be to maintain a good posture and get in the habit of biking, though. If you only care about speed, you’re going to get frustrated when you start biking.
  5. Get an air pump to avoid making frequent trips to the gas station. The air in bike tires naturally escapes over time, even if you don’t have a punctured tire and keep your air valve capped tight. To avoid having to ride to the gas station every couple of weeks, get an air pump to refill your bike’s tires.[11]
    Start Biking Step 11.jpg
    • Get a manual pump if you want to save money. Buy an electric or mechanical air pump if you want to make filling your tires easier.
  6. Download a cycling app to track your distance and speed. Instead of spending money on a fancy pedometer or GPS system, download an app to track how far and fast you bike. Bike Computer, Strava, and MapMyRide are the most popular apps for bikers. They’ll track your speed, route, and monitor how often you ride. This information is important when it comes to tracking your progress.[12]
    Start Biking Step 12.jpg
    • Strava, Bike Computer, and MapMyRide are all free. You can download them from your phone’s app store.
    • You can connect a Bluetooth heart rate monitor to Strava and Bike Computer if you’d like.

[Edit]Riding Your Bike

  1. Adjust the saddle so that your knee is slightly bent as you pedal. When your pedals are the closest to the ground, your knee should be slightly bent to avoid putting stress on your tendons and hamstrings. Adjust your saddle by lifting the latch and pulling it out to the unlocked position. Then, slide your seat up or down to adjust its height. Close the latch and press it tight to lock your seat in place.[13]
    Start Biking Step 13.jpg
  2. Develop a posture that’s comfortable for you to maintain. There is no proper stance for typical cycling, but the straighter you can keep your spine, the better. When riding your bike, keep the crest of the seat aligned with the center of your tailbone. Stay seated while pedaling and try to sit up straight while staying comfortable. The more relaxed you are while you ride, the more likely you are to bike for an extended period of time.[14]
    Start Biking Step 14.jpg
  3. Ride with your hands in the drops of the handles to steer and brake. The drops of the handles refer to the loop where the handles dip down. Place both hands on the bottom of the handle to make steering and braking easier. On a mountain bike, there are no drops, so place your hands where it’s comfortable and easy to reach the brakes.[15]
    Start Biking Step 15.jpg
    • When you do brake, use the back brake to make gradual stops. If you need to make an emergency stop, pull both brakes at the same time, pulling the front brake as light as possible to avoid flipping over.
  4. Develop a pedaling cadence of 70-90 rpm to bike efficiently. When biking, your body is most efficient when it’s pedaling a little over once per second. To develop a good pedaling pattern, turn the gears on the front of your bike until you can comfortably bike at a rate of 70-90 rotations per minute (rpm). This will require some trial and error, so switch your gears around as you start to ride to determine what works best for you.[16]
    Start Biking Step 16.jpg
    • The gears control which track the chain hangs on, which changes the amount of resistance that you experience as you pedal. They’re designed to make it easier to maintain your pace while biking up or down a hill. On flat surfaces, use them to adjust how fast you need to pedal.
    • Almost all racing and mountain bikes have gears.
  5. Look down the road or trail as you’re biking to avoid obstacles. To avoid running into potholes, rocks, or obstructions, look up while you’re biking. Your first temptation may be to look down at your handlebar to focus on your body’s motions, but this can be dangerous. Keep your eyes down the road or trail to avoid running into something.[17]
    Start Biking Step 17.jpg
    • It’s fine if it’s a little more comfortable for you to tilt your head down. Just make sure that you’re looking up while you do this.
  6. Communicate with drivers by using hand signals on public roads. To avoid startling drivers, communicate when you plan to stop or turn. To indicate that you are turning left, extend your left arm straight away from your body. For a right turn, extend your left arm and bend your elbow at a 90-degree angle pointing up. To indicate that you are stopping or slowing down, extend your left arm with your elbow bent pointing down. This way, drivers will know when you are turning, moving, or stopping.[18]
    Start Biking Step 18.jpg
    • Hand signals are made with the left arm because the right hand controls the back brake. This is the more important brake for cyclists, since the front brake should never be pulled on its own.
    • If you are absolutely certain that you won’t need to brake, feel free to indicate right turns by extending your right arm out.

[Edit]Staying Motivated to Ride Regularly

  1. Begin with a smaller goal of biking per ride. If you start out with a massive goal of biking a week, you’ll struggle to reach your goal. Start out with a small, achievable with a goal of per ride. You can always work your way up to longer rides over time. Starting small will ensure that you aren’t discouraged by not reaching your objective. It will also prevent injuries from the impact of long rides before your body is ready for it.[19]
    Start Biking Step 19.jpg
    • If you’re really new to biking, you can start even smaller. Choose a quiet, 4-5 block route with little-to-no traffic. Practice riding that route perfectly before moving up to a longer, more difficult ride.
    • Track your distance during each session using a cycling app.
  2. Bike 2-4 times a week to give your body time to heal between rides. After your first ride, you’re probably going to be quite sore. Overworking your body is a surefire way to discourage yourself from biking. Take days off between rides so that you’re biking 2-4 times a week based on your level of comfort.[20]
    Start Biking Step 20.jpg
    • If you’re starting to bike so that you can get to work or school every day, start out by biking 2-3 times a week. Drive or take public transportation on the days that you’re taking off. Work up to a full week over time.
  3. Make a habit of biking by tracking how often you ride. It’s hard to start a new habit if you don’t have accountability. In a journal, write down how often you ride each day. Note the distance that you biked as well. Review your results at the end of the week to determine whether or not you’ve reached your goal. By tracking how often you actually bike, you’ll know for sure whether you’re getting in the swing of regularly biking.[21]
    Start Biking Step 21.jpg
    • It will become easier to reach your goal over time as you get used to cycling and tracking your progress.
  4. Avoid routes that include hills or rough terrain until you’re ready. To ensure that you don’t harm yourself, stick with flat, simple routes to start off. Minimize the number of turns that you need to take and stay away from hills or rocky roads. It takes skill to navigate difficult routes; until you have some experience, you’re better off playing it safe.[22]
    Start Biking Step 23.jpg
    • Staying on flat roads with few obstructions allows you to get comfortable with the act of pedaling without needing to pay attention to your terrain.
  5. Find a biking group that takes scheduled rides together. If you find it hard to get in the habit of biking regularly, look into joining a cycling group. Cycling groups are a set of people that ride together on scheduled trips, and having a set of people to bike with will keep you motivated. Go to your local bike shop and ask around for a group to ride with. You can also search online for a beginner-level bike group that’s open to new members.[23]
    Start Biking Step 22.jpg

[Edit]Tips

  • Don’t be too hard on yourself. It takes time to get in the habit of cycling regularly! It’s natural to need a break every once in a while.

[Edit]Warnings

  • If you live in a major city, stay away from congested areas unless they have dedicated bike lanes.
  • Always wear bright or reflective clothing before you go out riding at night.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Getting the Appropriate Gear

  • Helmet
  • Cycling shorts (optional)
  • Cycling jersey (optional)
  • Athletic shoes
  • Air pump
  • App for tracking distance

[Edit]References

  1. ?/a> https://www.sportsrec.com/275683-racing-bikes-vs-mountain-bikes.html
  2. ?/a> https://www.sportsrec.com/275683-racing-bikes-vs-mountain-bikes.html
  3. ?/a> https://www.icebike.org/10-reasons-why-a-foldable-bike-is-the-best-commuter-bike/
  4. ?/a> https://www.icebike.org/used-road-bike/
  5. ?/a> https://www.icebike.org/used-road-bike/
  6. ?/a> https://www.icebike.org/used-road-bike/
  7. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/a20027599/how-to-start-cycling/#
  8. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/a20027599/how-to-start-cycling/#
  9. ?/a> https://eng.taiwan.net.tw/att/files/Guide%20to%20Cycling%20Around%20Taiwan.pdf
  10. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/a20027599/how-to-start-cycling/#
  11. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/a20027599/how-to-start-cycling/#
  12. ?/a> https://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/apps/reviews/a10859/4-best-bike-apps-16947157/
  13. ?/a> https://www.realbuzz.com/articles-interests/cycling/article/the-correct-riding-position-on-a-road-bike/
  14. ?/a> https://www.realbuzz.com/articles-interests/cycling/article/the-correct-riding-position-on-a-road-bike/
  15. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/g20046639/the-beginners-blueprint-to-road-cycling-greatness/
  16. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/g20046639/the-beginners-blueprint-to-road-cycling-greatness/
  17. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/g20046639/the-beginners-blueprint-to-road-cycling-greatness/
  18. ?/a> https://www.nhtsa.gov/sites/nhtsa.dot.gov/files/8009-handsignals.pdf
  19. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/g20046639/the-beginners-blueprint-to-road-cycling-greatness/
  20. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/a20027599/how-to-start-cycling/#
  21. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/a20027599/how-to-start-cycling/#
  22. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/g20046639/the-beginners-blueprint-to-road-cycling-greatness/
  23. ?/a> https://www.bicycling.com/training/a20027599/how-to-start-cycling/#
]]>
Fri, 10 Jan 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Make a Headband Stay in Place http://www.nespure.com/Make-a-Headband-Stay-in-Place http://www.nespure.com/Make-a-Headband-Stay-in-Place Headbands are great for keeping your hair back, but not when they keep slipping back! If your headband keeps on sliding back on your head, there are a few things that you could do. If you're looking for just a quick fix, you could secure it with hairspray and bobby pins. If you want a more permanent fix, you could line the inside of the headband with puffy paint or Velcro.

Headbands are great for keeping your hair back, but not when they keep slipping back! If your headband keeps on sliding back on your head, there are a few things that you could do. If you're looking for just a quick fix, you could secure it with hairspray and bobby pins. If you want a more permanent fix, you could line the inside of the headband with puffy paint or Velcro.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Using Hairspray and Bobby Pins

  1. Pull your hair up into a bun or ponytail. Brush your hair so that it's smooth and tangle-free, then gather it into a bun or ponytail. You'll be keeping your hair in this style throughout the day, so make it nice and neat.[1]
    Make a Headband Stay in Place Step 1.jpg
    • Create a mid-high or high bun or ponytail. Don't make a low bun or low ponytail.
    • This method works the best for elastic headbands, but it may also work for silk scarves as well.
  2. Apply a light misting of hairspray, then let it dry. Focus the hairspray on the top and sides of your head, where the headband will sit. Don't worry about your nape or the bun/ponytail itself.[2]

    • If you can, use a non-flexible, texturizing hairspray.[3]
    • No hairspray? Try dry shampoo, sea salt spray, or a bit of hair wax or pomade.
  3. Put the headband on. Pull the headband down over your head, then slide the front up back up so that it sits just behind your hairline. The rest of the headband should sit behind your ears and against the base of your skull.[4]

    • If you're using a silk scarf, place the knot on top of your head for a more secure hold. You may not even need to use bobby pins! You could also tie the knot at the back of your head to mix up your look.[5]
  4. Secure the headband with a bobby pin behind each ear. Slide the bobby pin through your hair so that the tips are pointing towards your face. You want the bobby pin to be pointing down, not up. This will keep the headband from riding back on your head.[6]

    • You need 1 bobby pin on each side of your head.
    • Choose a bobby pin that matches your hair color so it will blend into your hair.[7]
    • Make sure that the wavy side of the bobby pin is facing down against your hair, and that the flat side is facing up.
  5. Slide 2 more bobby pins through the back of the headband, making an X. Like with the first set of bobby pins, make sure that these are pointing down as well. This will keep the headband from riding up on your nape.[8]

    • You can skip this step if you feel that the headband is secure enough.

[Edit]Adding Puffy Paint to Elastic Headbands

  1. Get an elastic headband. This method works on any type of stretchy, elastic headband. It can be the thick, workout headband made from stretchy jersey material, or it can be the skinny ribbon-like headband made from colored or printed elastic.
    Make a Headband Stay in Place Step 6.jpg
    • You can try this method on non-stretchy, ribbon headbands that are connected with a small bit of elastic. If the headband is made from lace, use hot glue instead!
  2. Flip the elastic inside-out so that the wrong side is exposed. If this is a wide, work-out headband, you might actually see a seam running down its length. If this is a colored or printed elastic headband, the color will be lighter or solid-colored on this side.

  3. Draw a squiggly line with puffy paint across the elastic. This can be a smooth, wavy line or a sharp, zigzag line. Don't draw a straight line, however, or the paint will break when you put the elastic headband on.[9]

    • Match the color of the puffy paint to the elastic or to the printed design.
    • Puffy paint is sometimes called "puff paint" or "dimensional fabric paint."
    • If you can't find puffy paint, use hot glue instead. This is a great option for non-stretchy, lace headbands.
  4. Let the paint dry, then do the other side. Your headband is circular, but you are working on it while it is flat. You just did 1 side, but now you have to do the other. This is easier than working in a full circle. Once the paint dries, just flip the headband over and do the other side.

    • Make sure that the ends of the squiggly lines on the front and back of the headband match up.
    • Puffy paint can take several hours to dry, so be patient. As it dries, it will look a little darker and flatter.
    • If you 'e using hot glue, you only need to wait a few minutes. Hot glue sets up very quickly.
  5. Wait for the paint to dry, then flip the headband right-side-out. The puffy paint or hot glue will act as a sort of rubber grip. When you put it on your head, it will create friction and catch onto your hair.[10]

    • Be careful not to stretch the elastic too much. If you pull too much on it, the puffy paint or hot glue may snap. It should stand up to pulling it over your head, however.

[Edit]Gluing Velcro to Ribbon Headbands

  1. Get a ribbon headband with an elastic closure. These types of headbands look like a strip of ribbon joined by the ends with about of elastic. Do not use an elastic headband; the Velcro will prevent it from stretching.
    Make a Headband Stay in Place Step 11.jpg
    • This method is not recommended for sheer or lace headbands because the Velcro will be visible. Use the puffy paint method, but with hot glue.
  2. Purchase Velcro that's a little narrower than the ribbon. The Velcro can be any color, but black would work the best because it won't get dirty as fast. The exact width of the Velcro doesn't matter, as long as it is narrower than the ribbon.
    Make a Headband Stay in Place Step 12.jpg
    • If you can get Velcro in multiple colors, match the color to the ribbon.
    • If you can't find something narrower, get Velcro that's the same width instead.
    • Avoid self-adhesive Velcro. The glue isn't very strong and it will create a sticky, gummy mess—not a good combination for hair!
  3. Cut the Velcro so that it's the same length as the ribbon part. You don't have to measure the ribbon. Just hold 1 end of the Velcro against 1 end of the ribbon. Pull it across the top of the ribbon to the other end, then cut it.[11]

    • If your ribbon is crimped when it joins the elastic, subtract from your Velcro. This way, the Velcro won't bunch up when you glue it in.
    • Keep the scratchy, hook side of the Velcro. Set the soft, loop side for another project.
  4. Hot glue the Velcro to the underside of the ribbon. Turn your headband inside out so that you can see the back of the ribbon. Working at a time, apply hot glue to the back of the Velcro, and press it against the ribbon.

    • Try to align the ends as best as you can. If you cut the Velcro shorter, then start gluing it from the end of the ribbon.
    • If you don't have hot glue, use fabric glue instead. It will work just fine, but it will take longer to dry.
  5. Turn the headband right-side-out and wear it. The Velcro will now act like the tiny hooks on a plastic headband. It will grab onto your hair, and help keep the headband in place![12]

    • Hot glue dries almost instantly, so it should be ready by the time you finish gluing the Velcro down. Fabric glue will need about 15 to 20 minutes to dry, however.

[Edit]Tips

  • The closer you position the headband to your hairline, the less likely it is to slip off![13]
  • Try on the headband before you buy it, if you can. This lets you make sure it fits you, as headbands come in different sizes.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

[Edit]Using Hairspray and Bobby Pins

  • Hair tie
  • Hairspray
  • 4 bobby pins

[Edit]Adding Puffy Paint to Elastic Headbands

  • Elastic headband
  • Puffy paint or hot glue

[Edit]Gluing Velcro to Ribbon Headbands

  • Ribbon headband
  • Velcro
  • Hot glue or fabric glue
  • Hot glue gun (if using hot glue)

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Fri, 10 Jan 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard http://www.nespure.com/Do-a-Frontside-360-on-a-Snowboard http://www.nespure.com/Do-a-Frontside-360-on-a-Snowboard If you enjoy snowboarding, then you likely want to learn some tricks and jumps! A frontside 360 is when you leave the slope and rotate in the air 360 degrees before hitting the ground again. The "frontside" part of the jump refers to the fact that you turn your chest toward the bottom of the slope first rather than your back. If you snowboard with your left side in front, then you turn counterclockwise; if you snowboard in the "goofy" position with your right side to the front, you turn clockwise. To land the jump, pop off the heel edge of your board into the air and use your arms, head, and torso to gain the momentum you need to rotate in the air. This jump can be difficult to master, so you may want to start with basic jumps, then 180s and 270s.

If you enjoy snowboarding, then you likely want to learn some tricks and jumps! A frontside 360 is when you leave the slope and rotate in the air 360 degrees before hitting the ground again. The "frontside" part of the jump refers to the fact that you turn your chest toward the bottom of the slope first rather than your back. If you snowboard with your left side in front, then you turn counterclockwise; if you snowboard in the "goofy" position with your right side to the front, you turn clockwise. To land the jump, pop off the heel edge of your board into the air and use your arms, head, and torso to gain the momentum you need to rotate in the air. This jump can be difficult to master, so you may want to start with basic jumps, then 180s and 270s.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Landing the Frontside 360 on a Simple Slope

  1. Gather some speed to land the jump properly. This jump is actually easier to do if you're going a bit faster. That's because the speed gives you more air time, meaning you have longer to make the turn. Don't try to do this going very slowly.[1]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 1 Version 5.jpg
    • However, don't go fast that you feel out of control!
  2. Tip on your heel edge as you go down the slope. This prepares you to start turning back up the hill. Place your weight on your heels rather than the balls of your feet and tilt the board toward your heels, called the "heel edge" of the board.[2]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 2 Version 5.jpg
    • It's important to use the edge of the board when doing a jump because it gives you something to push off of in the snow. It digs in, providing leverage.[3]
  3. Twist your arms towards the back of the board. Turn your upper body toward your back leg and move your arms around that direction. This movement is a way to "wind up" your body for the spin.[4]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 3 Version 5.jpg
    • So if your left side is facing front, twist your arms back to the right.
  4. Bend at the knees as you come into the turn. Bending down will help you get ready to make the jump into the air. You can also lean your torso over a bit. Basically, you're just getting ready to spring up as your board movement and arms propel you into the rotation.[5]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 4 Version 5.jpg
    • You don't need to crouch down too low. Just bend enough to make the jump.
  5. Turn back up the hill and swing your arms around. With the leg in front, begin turning the board to your backside, like you're about to go back up the hill. At the same time or just before, swing your arms around in the direction you want to go, which will help begin your rotation.[6]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 5 Version 5.jpg
    • So if your left side is in front, you'll turn back to the left.
    • This is called a "frontside" 360 because you're turning the front of your body toward the downhill side of the slope first, rather than the back of your body. A backside would be if you had your left side in front and turned to the right first because you'd be flipping your back to the downhill side of the slope first.
  6. Pop up into the air as you make the turn. Use your legs to propel you upward just as you begin the rotation. Spring into the air, extending your body and locking your core as your torso lines up with the board below.[7] Try to jump as high as you can so you don't come down too quickly.[8]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 6 Version 5.jpg
    • Keep in mind, the slope will help you with your lift. As you pop off the edge of the board, you'll keep going straight out for a second while the ground slopes down.
  7. Continue looking over your shoulder through the whole move. As you start the rotation, look over your leading shoulder. This movement will also help get the rotation going, but you must keep doing it through the whole turn. Otherwise, you might not make it all the way around.[9]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 7 Version 5.jpg
    • You want to lead with your head and shoulders the whole time.
  8. Land on your toe edge. As you come around the rotation, you'll have a blind landing. Tip the board forward and extend your legs down to catch the ground. Bend your knees to absorb some of the impact as you hit the ground.[10]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 8 Version 5.jpg
    • If you've jumped high enough and used enough rotating force, you should be going down the slope when you land again.


[Edit]Working on Problem Areas

  1. Practice popping off the ground on the trampoline. One part of the move is lifting your snowboard off the ground so you have enough space to rotate in the air. If you're having trouble getting enough lift, take your snowboard on a trampoline. Work on jumping off the trampoline on your snowboard, and it will help you get a feel for the motion.[11]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 9 Version 5.jpg
    • Work on a large trampoline to make sure you have enough space, like the kind you see in tumbling gyms or trampoline parks.
    • You can also practice this move on flat ground in the snow. Bend your knees and use that motion to push yourself off the ground. Lift your knees under you to give yourself more air.
  2. Use the trampoline to work on the twisting motion. With your snowboard on, start bouncing, gaining some air. As you come down on a jump, twist your arms around your body to the right. When you hit the trampoline, start moving your arms and your shoulders around to the left, which will help your whole body turn.[12]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 10 Version 5.jpg
    • Work on the trampoline until you can go all the way around.
  3. Try flatland frontside 360s to help you understand the movement. That is, instead of popping off the ground as you go into your rotation, simply spin around on the ground as you go down the slope. To make the spin, come in with your knees bent like you would for one in the air, but then extend your legs and straighten up your body for the rotation. On the way out of the rotation, bend your knees and torso back down slightly. That will help you get the feel for how you need to rotate once you get in the air.[13]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 11 Version 5.jpg
    • Once this rotation is smooth, you can try it in the air again.
    • Don't forget the rotation movements with your arms and upper body! You won't turn if you don't start the rotation.
  4. Avoid rotating too early if you're not spinning all the way around. If you start rotating too much before you get off the ground, the friction of the board will slow your turn down. To make sure you get all the way around, try to time the rotation at about the same time as you lift off the ground.[14]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 12 Version 5.jpg
  5. Keep the board level to not land on your butt. If you pop up and you're not level, you typically end up sliding into the ground as you finish the rotation. Try to tilt just a little bit forward with your torso as you go into the rotation and keep the board even with the horizon as it leaves the ground.[15]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 13 Version 5.jpg
  6. Keep from over-rotating by waiting to spot the landing. This jump includes a blind landing. If you're trying to see it before the end of the rotation, you could spin too fast, resulting in a crash. Instead, keep your eyes in the direction of the toe edge of the board. Then you can see the landing point on the slope as you come around the rotation.[16]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 14 Version 5.jpg

[Edit]Making Your 360 More Impressive

  1. Do the move off a jump on the course. You definitely want to practice straight jumps first before trying a 360. However, once you get the hang of regular jumps, try adding the rotation. Aim to start your rotation right as you hit the takeoff of the jump, twisting your arms and board around to get your momentum going. Extend your legs at the takeoff to get the "pop" effect.[17]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 15 Version 5.jpg
    • Start with smaller course jumps and work your way up to bigger ones.
  2. Practice grabs on a trampoline with your snowboard. A grab is where you hold on to the edge of the board while you're in the air. Get on a trampoline with your snowboard on. Gain some air by jumping a few times, then work on bringing your board up for a front grab. Lift the toe edge of the board and grab it with your hand. Release it quickly and land on the bottom of the snowboard.[18]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 16 Version 5.jpg
    • You can also lean back and grab the heel edge of the board or tip the leading edge of the board up (usually your left side) and grab it with your left hand, which is a nose grab. Try the back end for a tail grab.
    • You can use either end to grab the toe side or heel side of the board, but it will take different movements.
    • Try combining this with the 360 rotation on the trampoline.
  3. Lift your knees in your frontside rotations to work on adding a grab. To start adding a grab on the slopes, work on lifting your knees while you are rotating. Tighten your body up so that you're almost in the fetal position.[19]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 17 Version 4.jpg
    • This movement brings the board closer to your hands, making it easier to perform a grab.
    • To help make yourself compact, use a lot of force when you pop off the takeoff point of the jump. The hard pop will push your legs up toward your chest.
  4. Incorporate a grab on the slopes. After you get the feel for the movement, try it out while you make a rotation. Try starting with a straightforward jump, then try it with a 180 or a 270 before moving on to the 360. That way, you get a feel for it while lowering your chances of wiping out on the jump.[20]
    Do a Frontside 360 on a Snowboard Step 18 Version 4.jpg

[Edit]Tips

  • Watch others hit the feature on the course to gauge the speed you need to clear the landing.
  • A common mistake is to start spinning while still on the feature, which causes you to lose stability in the air. Make sure that you take off of the lip straight.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Don't try this trick before you learn the basics. You can get seriously hurt on some of those big jumps, so take it easy if you're new to the sport.
  • Make sure to wear the proper safety gear, including headgear, to help lower the risk of injury.

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

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Fri, 10 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Clean an Oven with Vinegar http://www.nespure.com/Clean-an-Oven-with-Vinegar http://www.nespure.com/Clean-an-Oven-with-Vinegar If your oven is coated in grime or smells bad, it may be time to give it a clean. Oven cleaners often contain harsh chemicals, and the self-cleaning option on ovens can create a burnt, smoky, smelly mess. To clean your oven using vinegar, try combining it with baking soda or steaming it with water in your oven to scrub out grease and grime using natural ingredients.

If your oven is coated in grime or smells bad, it may be time to give it a clean. Oven cleaners often contain harsh chemicals, and the self-cleaning option on ovens can create a burnt, smoky, smelly mess. To clean your oven using vinegar, try combining it with baking soda or steaming it with water in your oven to scrub out grease and grime using natural ingredients.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Using Baking Soda and Vinegar

  1. Take out the oven racks and set them aside. If your oven racks are dirty, put them on a towel so they don’t get your surface dirty. If you have a pizza stone or thermometer in your oven, take those out as well. Make sure there are no pots or pans in your oven before you clean it.[1]

    Clean an Oven with Vinegar Step 1.jpg
  2. Make a paste out of baking soda and water. Mix ½ cup (170 g) of baking soda with of water in a small bowl. Combine the ingredients with a spoon until they make a thick, spreadable paste. If your mixture is still powdery, add more water until it is more spreadable.[2]

    • If the paste is too watery, it won’t spread as well. Add more baking soda if you need to.
  3. Coat your oven in the paste. Wear rubber gloves to protect your hands. Pick up small bits of your baking soda paste and spread it on the bottom, sides, and top of your oven. Add more paste to surfaces that are especially grimy, like the bottom of your oven.[3]

  4. Let the paste sit in your oven for 12 hours. Leave the paste in your oven overnight, or for about 12 hours. If you are pressed for time, you can let the paste sit for 1 hour instead, but it may not remove all of the grime in your oven.[4]
    Clean an Oven with Vinegar Step 4.jpg
    • Baking soda works to break down grease and grime in your oven.
    • Do not use your oven while the paste is still in it. Heating up the baking soda will cause it to burn and create even more of a mess in your oven.
  5. Wipe out the oven with a damp towel. Wear gloves to protect your hands. Use a damp towel or cloth to wipe out the majority of the baking soda paste. Pay special attention to areas that are coated in grime. Scrub firmly to remove most of the dirt and grime.[5]

    • If you run into any especially stubborn areas, use a spatula to scrape them off.
  6. Spray white vinegar throughout your entire oven. Put white vinegar into a spray bottle. Spray the entire interior of your oven. Pay special attention to areas that might have baking soda residue, like the corners and the bottom of your oven.[6]

    • The vinegar will react with the baking soda and create a foam. This is normal, and will help to clean your oven.
  7. Wipe out the oven with a damp towel. Use warm water to help break down any remaining grime in your oven. Be sure to wipe out all areas of your oven so there is no baking soda or vinegar left. Let your oven dry completely before you turn it on to use it again.[7]

    • Use a dry towel to wipe down your oven and speed up the drying process.

[Edit]Steaming Your Oven with Vinegar

  1. Wipe out any loose debris in the oven. Use a paper towel or cloth to wipe out any large chunks of dried food or grime from your oven. Don’t scrub too hard, since these will be dry and hard to get out. Chip out large debris with a spatula.[8]

    • You can also use a handheld vacuum to get rid of chunks of debris in your oven.
  2. Boil ?of a pot of water. Fill a pot ?of the way full. Boil it on high heat on the stovetop. Watch for large bubbles that pop at the top of the water to tell when it is boiling. If the water starts to boil over, turn the heat down slightly.[9]

    Clean an Oven with Vinegar Step 9.jpg
  3. Add an equal part of white vinegar to the pot. Fill your pot up another ?of the way with white vinegar. These measurements can be approximate. Let the pot boil for another 30 seconds, then turn off the heat.[10]

  4. Place your pot of water and vinegar onto the bottom rack of your oven. Use oven mitts to transfer your pot to the bottom rack of your oven. If you have taken your racks out to clean them, just place the pot on the bottom of the oven. Make sure there are no empty dishes or thermometers in your oven.[11]
    Clean an Oven with Vinegar Step 11.jpg
  5. Close the oven door and let the pot sit for 45 minutes. The hot water will create steam and spread vinegar and hot water all over your oven. This will soften the grease and grime in your oven, making it easier to clean. Close your oven door to trap the steam and let the pot sit for at least 45 minutes.[12]

    • Do not let the pot sit for more than 1 hour, or else the water will start to cool and become less effective.
  6. Wipe out your oven with a damp cloth. Use hot water to help break down any grime. Remove the oven racks for an easier reach. Use a metal spatula to scrape out any difficult or crusted grime.[13]

    • Make sure to wipe out your entire oven before you use it again.

[Edit]Cleaning Your Oven Racks

  1. Place your oven racks in the bathtub. Clear your bathtub of any shampoos or soaps. If your bathtub is dirty, clean it out before you start. Place your oven racks in your bathtub. Set them on top of each other or side by side.[14]

    Clean an Oven with Vinegar Step 14.jpg
  2. Sprinkle baking soda over the oven racks. Make sure all of the racks are covered with baking soda. Shake a liberal amount of baking soda over your oven racks. Flip the racks over to make sure each side gets baking soda on it. Apply more on spots that are especially dirty.[15]

    • Baking soda will work to naturally break down grease on your oven racks.
  3. Spray your oven racks with white vinegar. Put white vinegar into a spray bottle. Douse your oven racks with the vinegar. The vinegar and baking soda will react, creating a foam on your oven racks. Make sure you spray vinegar on every side of each oven rack.[16]

    • The foam works to break down grease and grime.
  4. Submerge the oven racks in hot water overnight. Fill your bathtub with hot water. Make sure the oven racks are completely submerged in the water. Let them sit for about 12 hours or overnight. Do not take them out of the water early, or they may dry with the grime still on them.[17]
    Clean an Oven with Vinegar Step 17.jpg
  5. Scrub away any grime left on the racks with a sponge or towel. Use an old sponge brush or towel to wipe away stubborn grime that is left on your oven racks. The combination of vinegar, baking soda, and water will make the grime much easier to take off. Use a metal spatula to chip off any stubborn grime.[18]

    • You can also use a scrub brush to wipe away the grime.
  6. Rinse your oven racks with cool water and let them dry. Wash off any residual vinegar or baking soda with cool water in your bathtub. Use a towel to dry your oven racks or let them air dry completely before putting them back in your oven. Rinse your bathtub out to wash any residual vinegar or baking soda down the drain.[19]

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Using Baking Soda and Vinegar

  • Baking soda
  • Small bowl
  • White vinegar
  • Spray bottle
  • Gloves
  • Towel

[Edit]Steaming Your Oven with Vinegar

  • Large pot
  • White vinegar
  • Towel

[Edit]Cleaning Your Oven Racks

  • Baking soda
  • White vinegar
  • Sponge or towel

[Edit]References

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Thu, 09 Jan 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Develop a Mentoring Plan http://www.nespure.com/Develop-a-Mentoring-Plan http://www.nespure.com/Develop-a-Mentoring-Plan A mentoring plan is a way to clarify and formalize a relationship between a mentor and mentee. Once you’ve been matched with your mentor or mentee, you can outline the specifics of your roles and define guidelines for the relationship, such as meeting frequency and location. Then, work together to describe goals and objectives. After you’ve established a plan, revisit it twice per year and adjust it as needed to maintain good progress.

A mentoring plan is a way to clarify and formalize a relationship between a mentor and mentee. Once you’ve been matched with your mentor or mentee, you can outline the specifics of your roles and define guidelines for the relationship, such as meeting frequency and location. Then, work together to describe goals and objectives. After you’ve established a plan, revisit it twice per year and adjust it as needed to maintain good progress.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Establishing Roles and Guidelines

  1. Take time to get to know each other before you begin working together. It’s fine to have the first meeting between you and your mentor or mentee be all about getting to know each other and this may even help to forge a positive relationship. Choose to meet at a designated time and place. Then, spend about 30-60 minutes in casual conversation. Ask getting-to-know you questions of each other to establish a rapport.[1]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, ask your mentor or mentee where they’re from, where they went to school, what they like to do in their spare time, and if they have any pets.
  2. Discuss desired outcomes for the relationship. When you first begin working together, plan a conversation to establish the basic goals you’ll be working towards. These can be broad goals that you narrow down later to pinpoint the mentee's more specific professional objectives. Some things the mentor and mentee might list as goals for their relationship include:[2]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 2.jpg
    • Increasing the speed at which the mentee learns their role and achieves competency
    • Fostering leadership development
    • Reducing stress and preventing burnout
    • Improving the mentee’s motivation and job satisfaction
    • Increasing the chances that the mentee will stay with the company long-term[3]
  3. Identify each person’s responsibilities. Once you’ve established some goals, figure out what the relationship will involve by specifying what you and your mentor or mentee will responsible for doing. State these responsibilities clearly so there is no mistaking each person’s role.[4]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 3 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, if you are the mentee, you might write something like, “As mentee, I am responsible for seeking out opportunities and experiences to enhance my learning, communicating regularly with my mentor, and reviewing my progress regularly.?/li>
    • If you are the mentor, you might write something like, “As mentor, I agree to provide support and encouragement to my mentee, provide feedback on my mentee’s progress, and meet with them regularly.?/li>
  4. Specify how often you and your mentor or mentee will meet. Try to meet with your mentor or mentee 3-4 times over the course of 6 months, or more often if desired. Meeting more often may help to promote good progress, especially in the first 1-2 years of your relationship. Other things to consider when planning your meetings include:[5]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 4.jpg
    • Where you will meet
    • The level of formality of your meetings
    • What you’ll cover in your meetings
    • When you will meet again

[Edit]Outlining Goals and Objectives

  1. Write down the mentee’s long-term career goals. Identifying the mentee’s ultimate or major career goal will help you to create clear objectives to work on. If you’re the mentee, discuss your career goals with your mentor and then state your career goal as a main objective of the mentorship plan. If you’re the mentor, discuss the mentee’s career goals with them to help them develop their ideas and then help them to turn this into a definitive statement.[6]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, you might write something like, “My ultimate goal is to become a tenured professor and move into an administrative role, such as dean or vice president.?/li>
  2. Express short-term goals for the next 5-10 years of the mentee’s career. These may include things that the mentee would like to accomplish within the next 1, 2, 3, 5, or even 10 years. List each short-term goal and the proposed timeline for achieving it.[7]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, you might write something like, “Earn a promotion within my first year of employment.?/li>
    • Or, you might write something like, “Publish a book based on my research within 5 years.?/li>
  3. Make a list of skills the mentee wants to work on. Have a discussion about what skills are important for the mentee’s success in their chosen field. Then, make a list of these skills and identify ways that the mentee can work on them.[8]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 7.jpg
    • For example, if the mentee wants to develop their leadership skills, they might do this by volunteering for special projects or committees, speaking up more in meetings, and reading books about leadership.
    • If you are the mentor, you may also want to suggest some skills that you think might be beneficial for the mentee’s career goals.
  4. Identify professional development events for the mentee to attend. Include in the plan any workshops, conferences, or other professional development events that may benefit the mentee. Also, indicate when the events are being held and any important deadlines the mentee should know about, such as a submission deadline for a conference paper.[9]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 8.jpg
    • For example, you might include in the mentorship plan something like, “Submit a proposal for the annual writer’s conference by January 15th.?/li>
  5. Plan introductions to contacts that may benefit the mentee. If you are the mentor and are at a meeting or event that your mentee is attending as well, introduce them to other professionals. Expanding the mentee’s professional social circle is an important goal for furthering their professional development and helping them to achieve their goals.[10]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 9.jpg
    • Try saying something like, “Hello, Dr. Carlson! Have you met George? He’s our newest addition to human resources.?/li>
    • The mentor may also benefit from introducing the mentee to people within their professional circle by renewing and strengthening their professional connections.

[Edit]Ensuring Good Progress

  1. Evaluate the mentee biannually to check on their progress. Regular progress reviews will help to ensure that you’re making good progress, so set a schedule for these checks. If you’re the mentor, evaluate your mentee once every 6 months. If you’re the mentee, suggest an evaluation every 6 months by discussing it with your mentor and including it in your plan. During 6 month reviews, have the mentor and mentee revisit the mentorship plan, goals, and objectives to see what the mentee has accomplished or what they are working towards.[11]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 10.jpg
    • For example, if the mentee set a goal to publish a paper by the end of the year, then by the first 6 month review there should be some tangible evidence that the mentee is moving towards that goal, such as having a paper accepted by a scholarly journal or at least having submitted a paper to a journal by that point.
    • If you’re the mentor, make sure to provide encouragement and feedback on the mentee’s progress. You can do this by making notes on what they have accomplished and putting these notes into the form of a letter.
    • If you’re the mentee, identify any goals that you have not made progress towards and ask for guidance from your mentor, especially if you are struggling with any of your objectives.
  2. Make adjustments to the mentorship plan and goals as needed. After reviewing the mentorship plan together, you and your mentor or mentee can make adjustments to the plan as needed, such as changing goal completion dates, modifying goals, or adding new goals. Use the notes that the mentor made during review and any concerns the mentee stated to adjust the plan.[12]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 11.jpg
    • For example, if the mentee set a goal to attend 3 professional development workshops within the next year, but they have only found 2 suitable ones, then you might adjust the goal and consider it met.
    • Or, if the mentee has already accomplished one of their 2 year goals at the 1 year checkup, then you might set a new goal for them to work towards.
  3. Review the plan together and have both parties sign it. Once you and your mentor are happy with the new or revised plan, you can both sign it to make it official. Ensure that you both agree to the goals and other objectives set forth in the plan and make any changes needed before you sign it.[13]
    Develop a Mentoring Plan Step 12.jpg

[Edit]Tips

  • Some companies provide templates for how to create a mentorship development plan, so you may want to check with your department head or human resources manager before you write one.

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

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Thu, 09 Jan 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Prepare for High Altitude http://www.nespure.com/Prepare-for-High-Altitude http://www.nespure.com/Prepare-for-High-Altitude High altitude locations are some of the most beautiful and popular places to travel for vacation and work alike. However, about 20 to 50% of people who travel to high altitudes experience 1 or more of the common side effects of altitude sickness. By planning your trip, acclimating to the elevation, and properly dealing with altitude sickness, you can enjoy your time up high.

High altitude locations are some of the most beautiful and popular places to travel for vacation and work alike. However, about 20 to 50% of people who travel to high altitudes experience 1 or more of the common side effects of altitude sickness. By planning your trip, acclimating to the elevation, and properly dealing with altitude sickness, you can enjoy your time up high.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Planning Your Trip

  1. Plan your ascent into high altitude ahead of time. One of the most important things to do to prepare to enter a higher altitude is to schedule your ascent ahead of time so you can build in time for your body to acclimate and adjust.[1] If you are able to spend a day or two at a more moderate elevation (under ), you can give your body a chance to adjust to the higher altitude before ascending further, or give any side effects you may experience time to subside.
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 1.jpg
    • In most minor cases, people only experience side effects for the first 1 to 2 days after arriving at a higher elevation.
    • About 20% of people who travel to altitudes between and experience side effects. This number increases to about 50%, however, in altitudes higher than .
  2. Hydrate well before entering a higher altitude. Arguably the easiest way to help you prepare for high altitude is to drink plenty of water before you travel, as well as during your ascent into a higher altitude.[2] Drinking at least of water in the days before your trip can help your body adjust to the high altitude quicker and ward off some of the unpleasant side effects.
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 2.jpg
    • To help you keep hydrating while traveling, bring a large water bottle with you. Try to keep track of how much water you are drinking and refill the bottle as frequently as you are able to.
  3. Get plenty of sleep before ascending into higher altitudes. Being well rested is an important factor in helping you both avoid and get over the side effects of high altitude. In many cases, however, traveling can interrupt your sleep schedule. While you may not be able to avoid the impact of travel on your sleep schedule, you can make sure that you can plenty of sleep in the days leading up to your ascent into a higher altitude.[3]
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 3.jpg
    • Try to get at least 7 or 8 hours of sleep in the days leading up to your trip into a higher altitude.
  4. Avoid caffeine and alcohol for at least 1 day in advanced. Drinking alcohol and caffeine in the days before you travel, as well as once you are traveling, can dehydrate your body, impact your ability to sleep well, and weaken your ability to fight any symptoms of altitude sickness.[4] As a result, try to avoid consuming any caffeine or alcohol for at least 1 day before you travel, as well as while you are traveling.
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 4.jpg
    • If you do choose to consume caffeine or alcohol while preparing for high altitude, make sure that you drink plenty of water to try to offset some of the negative effects.
  5. Train if you plan to do any rigorous physical activity. If you plan on hiking, mountain biking, or doing any other physical activity once you arrive in a higher altitude, training accordingly can help your body ward off or bounce back quicker from altitude-related illness. While even professional athletes can suffer from the effects of high altitude, your body will be able to perform under the added stress of high altitude if you are physically ready for the activity at hand.[5]
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 5.jpg
    • If you plan to go hiking, for example, try doing several hikes near where you live. This can help you get in the physical condition needed to complete the hike while getting your body used to the ascent into a higher altitude.
  6. Get a prescription to help you adjust to the elevation (optional). While most people can acclimate to higher altitude naturally with a bit of preparation and time, there are prescription medications that you can get before you leave that will help your body adjust more quickly. If you know that you won’t be able to schedule adequate time to acclimate, or if you have experienced severe altitude sickness before, talk to your doctor about possibly getting a prescription medication to help you when you travel.[6]
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 6.jpg
    • Acetazolamide and dexamethasone are both prescription medications that you can take before and during your travel to a higher altitude.[7]
  7. Buy a supplemental oxygen can to help you avoid side effects (optional). Once you are in a high altitude, you can help avoid or alleviate symptoms of altitude sickness by purchasing a personal oxygen can.[8] Oxygen cans are relatively inexpensive, easy to use, and are readily available online and in pharmacies, grocery stores, and outdoor supply stores that are in higher altitude locations.
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 7.jpg
    • Many hotels and outdoor sporting companies in higher altitudes will also have a supplemental oxygen source on-hand.[9]

[Edit]Acclimating to the Elevation

  1. Ascend into higher altitudes slowly so your body can adjust. Once you are in a higher altitude, try to give your body time to acclimate to the increase in elevation. The likelihood that you will suffer from side effects increases with every increase in elevation. You can try to offset this, however, by spending a day or so at each high altitude elevation before ascending higher.[10]
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 8.jpg
  2. Avoid ascending more than per day. To help give your body time to acclimate to the elevation, try to avoid ascending more than per day.[11] This will help you prevent altitude sickness and therefore, enjoy your trip much more.
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 9.jpg
    • If you are particularly sensitive to higher altitude, you may want to avoid ascending more than per day.
  3. Eat and drink water frequently to avoid altitude sickness. Staying hydrated and well-nourished can help you ward off many of the unpleasant side effects of high altitude, such as dizziness and headaches.[12] Try to eat at least 3 healthy meals per day, and keep snacks and a water bottle with you at all times until you are sure that your body has acclimated.
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 10.jpg
    • Granola bars are a great option for a quick and easy snack to have on-hand.
  4. Steer clear of strenuous exercise for about 1 day. After arriving in a higher altitude, try to avoid any strenuous exercise for the first 24 hours. This will give your body time to adjust to the elevation. If you push yourself too hard before your body has acclimated, there is a good chance that you will experience some of the symptoms of altitude sickness.[13]
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 11.jpg

[Edit]Dealing with Altitude Sickness

  1. Stop ascending until your symptoms have subsided. If you experience any of the symptoms of altitude sickness, avoid ascending to a higher elevation. If your symptoms are mild, you can usually wait for your body to acclimate to your current altitude and then proceed with your ascent.[14] If your symptoms are severe and persistent, however, you will likely need to descend and in some cases, seek medical attention.
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 12.jpg
    • Common symptoms of altitude sickness include dizziness, headache, vomiting, swelling, slightly elevated heart rate, temporary shortness of breath, coughing, congestion, and trouble walking.[15]
    • If your symptoms are mild and temporary, you can likely proceed with your ascent after 24 to 48 hours.[16]
    • If any of the common symptoms of altitude sickness are prolonged (more than 1 to 2 days) or particularly painful or uncomfortable, they should be considered severe.
    • Additional severe symptoms of altitude sickness include a high altitude cerebral edema, pulmonary edema, and blurred vision.[17]
  2. Eat and drink water to help your symptoms subside. If you are suffering from altitude sickness, hydrating consistently and eating a substantial meal or snack can help you begin to acclimate.[18] Even if you feel nauseous, it is important that you try to eat and drink water as often as you can in order to feel better quickly.
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 13.jpg
  3. Move to a lower altitude if your symptoms are persistent or severe. If your altitude sickness is persistent, severe, or gets worse over time, descend to a lower altitude as soon as possible.[19] Your symptoms should begin to subside as you descend.
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 14.jpg
    • If your symptoms don’t begin subside after you descend, you may need to seek medical attention.
  4. Use an over-the-counter pain reliever to help with side effects. If you experience some of the side effects of high altitude despite your preparation, it can be helpful for you to have some over-the-counter pain relievers on hand.[20] Pain relievers like aspirin should be taken sparingly and in consultation with your doctor or pharmacist, however, as they will only treat the symptoms but do not help your body adjust or improve your oxygenation.[21]
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 15.jpg
  5. Take a prescription medication to help alleviate your symptoms quickly. If you got a prescription for acetazolamide or dexamethasone, you can take either of these medications to help your body adjust to the elevation.[22] By helping your body adjust to the elevation, these medications can help alleviate your symptoms and get over your altitude sickness more quickly.
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 16.jpg
  6. Use supplemental oxygen to relieve your altitude sickness. If you purchased an oxygen can prior to your ascent, you can use it as directed to help alleviate your altitude sickness. If you don’t have a personal oxygen can, you may be able to get supplemental oxygen from a hotel, sporting company, emergency relief officials, or medical facility.[23]
    Prepare for High Altitude Step 17.jpg

[Edit]References

  1. ?/a> https://health.clevelandclinic.org/understanding-altitude-sickness-5-best-tips-for-your-next-mountain-trip/
  2. ?/a> https://health.clevelandclinic.org/understanding-altitude-sickness-5-best-tips-for-your-next-mountain-trip/
  3. ?/a> https://health.clevelandclinic.org/understanding-altitude-sickness-5-best-tips-for-your-next-mountain-trip/
  4. ?/a> https://health.clevelandclinic.org/understanding-altitude-sickness-5-best-tips-for-your-next-mountain-trip/
  5. ?/a> https://www.womenshealthmag.com/fitness/a19917133/train-for-high-elevation-workouts/
  6. ?/a> http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/ccdr-rmtc/07pdf/acs33-05.pdf
  7. ?/a> http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/ccdr-rmtc/07pdf/acs33-05.pdf
  8. ?/a> https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1114067/
  9. ?/a> https://health.clevelandclinic.org/understanding-altitude-sickness-5-best-tips-for-your-next-mountain-trip/
  10. ?/a> https://health.clevelandclinic.org/understanding-altitude-sickness-5-best-tips-for-your-next-mountain-trip/
  11. ?/a> https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/altitude-sickness/
  12. ?/a> https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/altitude-sickness-a-to-z
  13. ?/a> https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/altitude-sickness/
  14. ?/a> https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/altitude-sickness-a-to-z
  15. ?/a> https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/altitude-sickness-a-to-z
  16. ?/a> https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/altitude-sickness/
  17. ?/a> https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/altitude-sickness-a-to-z
  18. ?/a> https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/altitude-sickness/
  19. ?/a> https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/altitude-sickness-a-to-z
  20. ?/a> https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/altitude-sickness/
  21. ?/a> https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC28508/
  22. ?/a> http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/ccdr-rmtc/07pdf/acs33-05.pdf
  23. ?/a> https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1114067/
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Thu, 09 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Open a Clothing Store http://www.nespure.com/Open-a-Clothing-Store http://www.nespure.com/Open-a-Clothing-Store If you have a passion for fashion and style and want to be your own boss, then opening a clothing store may be the perfect decision for you. However, this isn't a simple task. Starting a business takes a lot of thought and planning. Start by deciding on your target audience and the niche your store will fill. Then find the perfect location. Add up all your anticipated costs and apply for a startup loan if you need one. Market your business online to increase your sales. Finally, have a big grand opening event to kick off your new store.

If you have a passion for fashion and style and want to be your own boss, then opening a clothing store may be the perfect decision for you. However, this isn't a simple task. Starting a business takes a lot of thought and planning. Start by deciding on your target audience and the niche your store will fill. Then find the perfect location. Add up all your anticipated costs and apply for a startup loan if you need one. Market your business online to increase your sales. Finally, have a big grand opening event to kick off your new store.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Researching the Market

  1. Identify your target audience. Your target audience determines almost everything else about your store, from the products you carry to the location of your storefront. Start by brainstorming who you’d like to market to. Then use that decision to make other decisions about your store.[1]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 1 Version 5.jpg
    • Think big at first. Do you want to appeal to men or women? Then get more specific. Think about what ages, professions, and styles you want to appeal to.
    • To start, go by what you know. If you worked in a store that sold suits to businesspeople, then you already know that market. Consider entering a field you have experience in like this.
    • Consider where you might make the most money. Business suits might not be in high demand in a small town. But you may get a lot of tourists in the summer. In this case, it may be better to open a store geared to tourists.
  2. Investigate potential locations for your store. Location is one of the most important early decisions you’ll make in opening your business, so conduct careful market research. Look for a location that has a good foot traffic to get your first customers. Look for other businesses like yours. Small businesses often cluster together to attract as many customers as possible, so this may be a ready-made location for you.[2]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 2 Version 5.jpg
    • Don’t locate yourself too close to identical stores. If there are a lot of other small clothing stores in the location you’re looking, this market may be too saturated. Consider finding a different location.
    • If you’re marketing to tourists, for example, then locate your store near the main attraction areas.
    • For good foot traffic, open the store near restaurants and coffee shops. Places where people visit often can bring in a lot of window shoppers.
    • Find out what the rent is in every area you look. This will be a big expense, so don’t overlook it in the planning stage.
  3. Find a specialty for your store’s merchandise. Big department stores offer all the big brands at low prices, so your store won’t stand out if you try to follow that model. Think about what would set you apart from larger competitors and other small businesses. Carry brands or products that department stores don’t, or develop a specialty in a field that your area lacks.[3]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 3 Version 5.jpg
    • One good angle is carrying brands made by local manufacturers. This gives a much different flavor to your store than someone could get at a large retailer.
    • Your town may have a lot of off-brand boutique stores, but perhaps they lack a maternity store. This could be where you make your niche.
  4. Develop a backup plan if your business isn't successful. Remember that starting any business is a risk and many small businesses fail. Don’t let this discourage you, but also have backup plans in mind in case the business doesn’t work out.[4]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 4 Version 5.jpg
    • Have emergency savings to cover 6 months of living expenses if you have to find a new job.
    • Remember that clothing stores usually have smaller profit margins than other businesses. Get into this because you love the industry and want to work with people. This passion will help you deal with below-average profits.

[Edit]Financing and Incorporating the Business

  1. Determine your total operating costs. Figure out how much your store will cost to run before opening it. If you don’t have a full financial picture, your store is unlikely to succeed. Operating costs, sometimes called overhead or fixed costs, are the expenses you have to pay regularly just to keep the store open. Add up all the costs that remain consistent each month and have to be paid. The resulting sum is your operating cost.[5]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 5 Version 5.jpg
    • Common items for operating costs are rent, utilities, insurance, and phone/internet connections. If you take out loans, paying them back is also a fixed cost.
    • Common advice is to keep your rent about 6% of your yearly sales. Keep this in mind when you add up your costs. If rent is $2,000 per month, that's $24,000 per year. That means you'd need about $400,000 in sales to meet this recommendation. If you can't project sales that high, consider finding cheaper rent.
  2. Add up your inventory and labor costs. These costs are called variable costs, because they can change from month to month. For instance, you could buy less inventory or hire less workers and your store would still stay open. Add up what all your inventory will cost you and how much paying your employees will cost. Then combine this number with any other variable costs you have.[6]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 6 Version 5.jpg
    • Some other variable costs include advertising and marketing expenses, since you technically don’t have to do these things to stay open.
    • Add up your fixed and variable costs to get your breakeven price, meaning the amount you have to make each month just to cover your expenses.
  3. Draw up a business plan. A business plan is crucial not only to focus your own thoughts, but also because any potential investors will want to see your plan before providing any financing. Put together a comprehensive explanation for your business, including the products you’ll sell, your operating plan, and all your expenses. Be ready to present this plan to anyone you ask for financing.[7]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 7 Version 3.jpg
    • Start by describing your business concisely. What will you sell and who is your target audience?
    • Then outline how you will fit into the current market. Explain the research that you’ve done and how you’ll set yourself apart from competitors.
    • Finally, outline your total costs, both fixed and variable. Then note how much financing you’ll need to get started.
  4. Form a legal business entity. While forming a business entity is not a requirement, there are many advantages to doing so. Forming an entity separates your personal and business finances, so your personal savings are protected. Merchants, manufacturers, and lenders are also usually more willing to work with a business rather than an individual. Finally, you can declare business expenses and get tax write-offs as a business owner.[8]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 8 Version 3.jpg
    • The most common entities are a Limited Liability Company (LLC) and corporation. Most small businesses are LLCs because they usually don’t involve a lot of people.
    • File for a business license in the state you’re operating in. If you don’t want to handle the paperwork yourself, you can hire a lawyer or other business to do the work for you.
  5. Apply for a business loan or find private investors. If you don’t have enough savings to open the store yourself, then secure financing from a bank or private individuals. Apply for a small business loan from a local bank. If the bank won’t provide enough funds, a private investor may be a better option. Keep in mind that private investors usually want to see a larger return on their investment than a bank. They may want to own a part of the business in exchange for the loan.[9]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 9 Version 3.jpg
    • The amount of the loan depends on your total costs. Experts recommend having 6-12 months of expenses on hand when you start up, because it will take several months to start bringing in money.
    • Typical amounts for opening a small clothing store range from a low of $50,000 to over $200,000, or even more for larger stores.
    • It’s better to have more cash on hand than not enough. Most small business fail within their first year because they don’t have enough capital.

[Edit]Stocking and Staffing the Store

  1. Contact suppliers for quotes on merchandise. With your financing and business plan in place, begin stocking your store. Look for suppliers or manufacturers in the niche your store is in. Find the best items for the best price and place orders for your initial stock.[10]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 10 Version 3.jpg
    • Consider buying items in bulk to save costs. However, don’t order more than you think you can sell. If you sink all your startup money into merchandise right away, you might not be able to pay your other bills.
    • Try contacting manufacturers directly rather than wholesalers. You might save money by buying directly from manufactures.
    • Trade shows are also good places to pick up cheap wholesale items.
  2. Carry products from local manufacturers to set your store apart. Small stores are part of their communities, and a great way for you to insert yourself into the local community is by showcasing local manufacturers. Contact jewelry makers, artists, and clothing makers to place their items in your store. This gives you a good supply of merchandise and is also great for your marketing.[11]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 11 Version 3.jpg
    • If you don’t have room in your store for locals to stock their items all the time, consider doing a monthly event for local manufacturers. Set up a tent in your parking lot and let them come showcase their products, for example.
  3. Hire employees if you need them. The number of employees you’ll need depends on the size of the store. A common recommendation is for 1 full time and 1 part time worker for each of store. Think about how much work you can do yourself. Then hire more people as you need them.[12]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 12 Version 3.jpg
    • Have at least one trusted employee who can run the store when you’re not there. You never know when you’ll have an emergency or get sick, so someone should know as much as you know about running the store.
    • Remember that each employee you hire is another added expense. Only hire people you need.
    • If work is irregular, consider hiring seasonal employees to save money. If you run a tourist shop that is only active in the summer, you don’t need many employees in the winter months.

[Edit]Marketing the Business

  1. Have a grand opening event. After all your hard work, arrive with a bang by having a big grand opening event. Invite everyone you know and advertise the event around town. This is your big chance to show everyone your store and get the word out.[13]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 13 Version 3.jpg
    • Offer special sales on opening day to give everyone a sample of what you have to offer.
    • Contact local media sources to come cover the event. This could give you some free advertising.
    • Invite the mayor or other local politicians to bring more attention to the event.
  2. Use social media to place ads. Social media offers a great, cheap way to advertise. First, start a page for your store on all the major social media sites. Then start ad campaigns on these sites to spread the word to locals about your business.[14]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 14 Version 3.jpg
    • Since your business has a physical location, set the ads to target people living 5-10 miles from you. Advertising to people 100 miles away will waste your ad budget.
    • Update all your social media sites regularly. If you haven’t posted on Facebook in 6 months, people may think your business closed down. Aim for at least 1 post per week on each of your accounts. Also make any major announcements, like sales, on all your accounts and website.
    • Remember that advertising still costs money. Work these ads into your budget to avoid going over costs.
  3. Appear at local fairs and festivals. Most communities have events like these to showcase local businesses. Do your best to attend as many as you can to promote your business. Bring samples and items to sell so people can see what you offer.[15]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 15 Version 3.jpg
    • Always bring plenty of business cards when you attend these events. Pass them out to as many people as you can.
    • Check with your local chamber of commerce to find a list of upcoming business events. Attend as many as you can.
    • Don’t leave the store unattended or closed when you attend events. Leave your best employee to run the store while you’re gone.
  4. Sell online to reach a wider audience. Websites like Amazon and eBay offer a massive platform for small businesses. If you only focus on your in-person sales, you’re missing out on a huge potential to reach more customers. Make selling accounts on one or more online retail site and list your products. This is a great way to attract more customers or keep your profits up if visits to your store are slow.[16]
    Open a Clothing Store Step 16 Version 3.jpg
    • Stay on top of your online sales. If you get a reputation for poor service, you could get banned from these sites.
    • Include links to your online store on all your social media sites.
    • Remember that all online stores have fees associated with them. Find out all the fees you’ll pay and price your items accordingly so you won’t lose money.


[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

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Wed, 08 Jan 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Prepare a Relaxing Bath http://www.nespure.com/Prepare-a-Relaxing-Bath http://www.nespure.com/Prepare-a-Relaxing-Bath Sometimes just the thought of a luxurious bath at the end of a long day can help you power through. When it’s finally time for you to relax, make the most of your experience. Light candles, play calming music, and use oils or a scented bubble bath to create a restful atmosphere. Take your time soaking in the water, close your eyes for a few minutes, or enjoy reading your favorite magazine.

Sometimes just the thought of a luxurious bath at the end of a long day can help you power through. When it’s finally time for you to relax, make the most of your experience. Light candles, play calming music, and use oils or a scented bubble bath to create a restful atmosphere. Take your time soaking in the water, close your eyes for a few minutes, or enjoy reading your favorite magazine.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Getting the Bathtub Ready

  1. Start with a clean tub for the best experience. You won’t feel very relaxed if you get into a grimy tub. Even if your tub has been cleaned recently, take a moment to wipe it down with a damp towel to clear away any dust or hair that may have accumulated.[1]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 1 Version 7.jpg
    • It’s a good idea to wipe down the tub after you take a bath, too, so that there isn’t a build-up of soap scum over time.
  2. Fill the tub with hot water while you get the rest of your bath ready. Use water that is steamy and hot to the touch, but don’t get it so hot that you can’t hold your hand under the stream. Make sure to plug the tub’s drain![2]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 2 Version 7.jpg
    • You can always add more hot water while you’re in the tub if it needs a warm-up. or if you get lightheaded, get out and let the water cool down before you get back in.[3]}}
  3. Add some bubble bath or a bath bomb for some aromatherapy. You could make your own bubble bath or bath bombs or buy some from the store. Bubble bath gives you the experience of bathing in bubbles, which can be fun and relaxing, and bath bombs are famous for creating beautiful colors for you to enjoy in the tub.[4]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 3 Version 7.jpg
    • If you’re using bubble bath, pour about into the tub while the water is still filling up. The stream of water will help mix and distribute the bubbles.
  4. Use essential oils to relax your body or clear your sinuses. Combine 6-8 drops of essential oils to of carrier oil, like coconut or jojoba oil. After the water has finishing filling, add the mixture to the tub.[5]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 4 Version 7.jpg
    • Eucalyptus and peppermint are great if you have a stuffy nose.
    • Lavender is a relaxing scent.
    • Lemon and rosemary can boost your mood.
  5. Relax your muscles with epsom salts. Use 2 cups (473 grams) of epsom salts in your bath. Pour the salts in while the water is filling up to help it dissolve a little faster. You can also stir the water with your hand to dissolve whatever remains. Soak in the tub for 15-20 minutes or more for the best results.[6]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 5 Version 7.jpg
    • Your body will absorb the magnesium and sulfate from the salts, which can loosen your joints and relax your muscles.

[Edit]Creating a Relaxing Atmosphere

  1. Create a playlist filled with relaxing tunes to play during your bath. If you want to wind-down, avoid playing anything with a fast or heavy beat. Opt for instrumental or background music for a pleasant, calming effect.[7]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 6 Version 7.jpg
    • Many music-streaming services have pre-made playlists or stations specifically made for relaxation. Just search for “relaxing music?and see what pops up.
  2. Clear away clutter so the space is visually appealing. Move dirty clothes, cosmetics, toys, and anything else that is taking up space on the bathroom counter. Put them away in drawers if needed, or set them out in the hall. The last thing you want is to look up from your bath and feel stressed about what needs to be cleaned up![8]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 7 Version 7.jpg
    • If you can, take 10-15 minutes to clean your bathroom before taking a bath. It might help you relax more easily.
  3. Use a bath caddy to keep your things dry. With a bath caddy, you’ll have space for a drink, snack, book, or anything else you’d like to have with you. Set up the caddy while the water is filling and put your things in place so that it’s ready to go once the bath is done.[9]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 8 Version 7.jpg
    • You can buy bath caddies that have props to hold up books or magazines, slots for the stems of wine glasses, and more.
  4. Dim the lights and light some candles for a relaxing aesthetic. Bright overhead lights could keep you from de-stressing, so opt to turn them down or completely off. Put candles on the countertops and around the edge of the tub if there is room.[10]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 9 Version 7.jpg
    • Use unscented candles if you are using essential oils or a scented bubble bath. If not, light one of your favorite scented candles to enjoy while in the tub.
    • After your bath, double-check that all the flames have been extinguished.
  5. Tell your family that you’re not to be disturbed when you’re in the bath. If you live with other people and want to guarantee that you won’t be interrupted while you’re trying to relax, let them know ahead of time what your expectations are. If you have little kids, ask a partner or friend to watch them for 1/2 an hour so you can have some alone time.
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 10 Version 7.jpg
    • If you have pets, you may want to keep the bathroom door shut during your bath. Otherwise, they might come in and beg for your attention and disturb the peace!

[Edit]Unwinding in the Bath

  1. Give your skin some TLC with a face mask before you get in the tub. You can make your own or buy a mask from the store. If you have long hair, pull it back so it doesn’t get in the way.[11]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 11 Version 7.jpg
    • Avocado, honey, olive oil, coconut oil, and even egg whites can be used to make a hydrating mask right in your own home.
  2. Enjoy a glass of wine and an indulgent snack while you soak. Take this opportunity to savor a special treat that you’ve been saving. While chocolates or candies are probably the most popular bath-time indulgence, you can choose anything you’d like! It’s probably best to avoid anything that might get crumbs in the bathwater, though.[12]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 12 Version 7.jpg
    • If you don’t drink wine, choose something else! Sparkling water can feel special and there are tons of great flavors to choose from. Even coffee or tea can be enjoyable as long as it doesn’t make you too hot.
  3. Read a good book or magazine for some indulgent me-time. Bring along the book you’ve been meaning to read forever or grab a fun magazine the next time you’re at the grocery store. Whatever you choose, enjoy taking some personal time to do something relaxing for yourself.[13]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 13 Version 7.jpg
    • Keep a towel nearby to dry off your hands so that the pages of the book or magazine don’t get wet.
  4. Use a body scrub to exfoliate and soften your skin after a long day. Buy a scrub from the store or make your own at home. While you’re in the tub, scoop out about of the scrub and rub it over your arms and legs with a circular motion. Rinse off the scrub when you’re finished.[14]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 14 Version 7.jpg
    • You can use body scrub at any stage during your bath, but if you don’t like the idea of bathing in the rinsed-off scrub, just wait until you’re about to get out to do this.
  5. Dry off after your bath with a clean, fluffy towel. Before you get into the bath, take a moment to pick out a clean towel from the cupboard and set it beside the tub. That way, you won’t have to use an old, damp towel from your morning’s shower.[15]
    Prepare a Relaxing Bath Step 15 Version 7.jpg
    • Consider having a special towel that only you use for your relaxing baths. This will keep the towel in great condition and it’ll make your self-care time feel even more special.

[Edit]Tips

  • If you hate the feeling of cold porcelain against your skin, invest in a waterproof pillow to rest your head against in the tub.

[Edit]Warnings

  • If you feel dizzy while in the bath, carefully get out. It could be that your blood pressure was affected or you got too hot.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Getting the Bathtub Ready

  • Clean towel
  • Cleaning supplies (optional)
  • Bubble bath
  • Bath bomb
  • Essential oils
  • Carrier oil
  • Epsom salts

[Edit]Creating a Relaxing Atmosphere

  • Music-playing device
  • Bath caddy
  • Candles
  • Matches or lighter

[Edit]Unwinding in the Bath

  • Face mask
  • Drink and snack
  • Book or magazine
  • Body scrub
  • Towel

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

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Wed, 08 Jan 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Transfer a License Plate http://www.nespure.com/Transfer-a-License-Plate http://www.nespure.com/Transfer-a-License-Plate If you’re planning to sell an older vehicle and replace it with a new one, you can transfer the license plates to your new vehicle. To do this, both vehicles must be registered in your name and both must have the same registration code. Under certain circumstances, you can also transfer the license plates to the individual you’re selling the vehicle to. While the process for transferring plates from one vehicle to another can vary widely from one U.S. state to another, there are several basic steps that you can follow regardless of where you live.

If you’re planning to sell an older vehicle and replace it with a new one, you can transfer the license plates to your new vehicle. To do this, both vehicles must be registered in your name and both must have the same registration code. Under certain circumstances, you can also transfer the license plates to the individual you’re selling the vehicle to. While the process for transferring plates from one vehicle to another can vary widely from one U.S. state to another, there are several basic steps that you can follow regardless of where you live.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Transferring Plates between Vehicles

  1. Find a copy of your current vehicle registration paperwork. When you first registered the vehicle under your name (e.g., when you purchased the car or moved to a new state), a state official probably gave you a copy of the registration paperwork. This single sheet of paper contains your name, the vehicle’s tag number, and the registration number. You’ll need this document to transfer your plates.[1]
    Transfer a License Plate Step 1.jpg
    • If you’ve lost your registration paperwork, you may be able to request a new copy at the motor vehicle office.
  2. Gather the title to the newer vehicle you’re transferring plates to. The title shows ownership of the vehicle. Since you won’t have registered this vehicle in your name yet, you will have its title but not its registration. (You’ll receive the registration when you transfer the plates.) So, before you transfer plates to the new vehicle, you must show ownership by presenting the title.[2]
    Transfer a License Plate Step 2.jpg
    • If you’ve applied to transfer the vehicle but haven’t yet received the new title itself, that’s okay. Just bring in the title of the copy application that you’ve filled out and submitted.
  3. Collect proof that the vehicle you’re transferring the plates to is insured. Transfer your car insurance from your older vehicle (that currently has the plates on it) to the newer vehicle before visiting the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) office or tag office. Before transferring the plates, a clerk will request to see proof that the vehicle is insured. Documents that prove insurance include your insurance card or a paper copy of the form you received from the insurance company upon purchasing your insurance.[3]
    Transfer a License Plate Step 3.jpg
    • This may not apply in all states. In various states, you do not to show prove that you have car insurance unless you have changed insurance companies since the last time you registered a vehicle.
  4. Have your new vehicle inspected if your state requires it. Some states require that vehicles (whether new or used) undergo an inspection before they are registered and plated. In this case, take the vehicle to a reputable car mechanic. Ask them to test drive the car and look under the hood (and under the chassis) to confirm that it’s in good shape. Also ask for a certificate of inspection to prove that the car passed.[4]
    Transfer a License Plate Step 4.jpg
    • In some cases, you may need to get an emissions test as well to make sure that the car isn’t emitting legal limits of toxic gasses.
    • Not all states require a vehicle inspection prior to transferring license plates. To find out if your state requires it, visit the website for the state’s motor-vehicle agency.
  5. Visit your local motor vehicle agency to begin the transfer process. Different states use different titles for their motor vehicle agencies. Some agencies are managed by the state’s DMV, while others are referred to as “tag offices.?If you’re not sure where the nearest office is located, search online for “motor vehicle office near me.?sup id="_ref-5" class="reference" aria-label="Link to Reference 5">[5]
    Transfer a License Plate Step 5.jpg
  6. Keep your name consistent across the 2 vehicles?registrations. When you complete the registration paperwork for the newer vehicle, spell your name (and include the same parts of your name) the same as you did on the older vehicle’s registration. If you register the new vehicle under a different name than the old vehicle was registered under (e.g., if you were married and changed your last name), you won’t be able to transfer your license plates between vehicles.[6]
    Transfer a License Plate Step 6.jpg
    • This rule may not hold in every state. If you’re not sure if this applies in your state, ask a clerk at the tag office.
  7. Pay the mandatory fee to complete the plate-transfer process. To finalize the plate transfer, the clerk will ask you to pay a small fee. The amount that you’re required to pay will differ from state to state, but is usually under $10 USD. For instance, in Arkansas it costs $10 to transfer plates, but it only costs $1 in Colorado.[7]
    Transfer a License Plate Step 7.jpg
    • Pay the fee with a credit or debit card, or by writing out a check to your state’s motor vehicle division.

[Edit]Transferring Plates to Another Individual

  1. Leave the plates on the vehicle if you’re selling it to a family member. If you are selling a vehicle to a member of your immediate family (e.g., a sibling, child, or parent), you may leave the license plates on. Visit the DMV or tag office with your family member, and bring proof of your relationship (such as birth certificates or state-issued identification). Sign over both the vehicle’s title and the license plates to your family member by filling out any paperwork provided by a DMV staff member.[8]
    Transfer a License Plate Step 8.jpg
    • Your family member can then register the vehicle in their name using the license plates still on the car.
    • If you sell the car to a family member who isn’t part of your immediate family, you must remove the plates prior to the sale.
    • Likewise, if you sell the vehicle to someone you’re not at all related to, remove the plates from the car before finalizing the sale.
  2. Give the plates to the new owner if they’re a resident of the same state. In a few states (e.g., Delaware), you are legally permitted to leave the license plates on your car when you sell it as long as the vehicle’s new owner is a resident of the same state. The new owner must then register the vehicle in their name. Check at your local tag office to make sure this is permitted before leaving your plates on the car when you sell it.[9]
    Transfer a License Plate Step 9.jpg
    • If you’re not sure whether or not you can transfer plates in your state, check the website of your state’s motor vehicle agency. Or, ask a staff member at the DMV or tag office.
    • Keep in mind that this may not be advantageous to you if you’re replacing an older car with a newer one. Without plates to transfer to the new vehicle, you’ll have to pay for new plates during registration.
  3. Return the plates to the motor vehicles office in states that require it. In certain states (e.g., Arizona), license plates are owned by the state government. Vehicle owners must return the plates to the state when they sell the car that the plates had been registered to. The simplest way to do this is to surrender the plates at the tag office. If you don’t live near a tag office, you could also return the plates by mail.[10]
    Transfer a License Plate Step 10.jpg
    • To find out if your state requires drivers to return their plates, check online with the state’s motor vehicle agency. Or, ask a clerk at the tag office.
    • Alternately, find your state in AAA’s online listing and see if drivers are required to return plates to the state. Check online at: https://drivinglaws.aaa.com/tag/transfer-of-plates/.

[Edit]Tips

  • Some of the particularities of transferring a license plate will differ slightly from state to state. If you’re ever confused or not sure what the next step should be, talk to a staff member at your local DMV or tag office.
  • In most states, when you sell a vehicle to a new owner (as long as they live in the same state as you), they can keep the same plates on the vehicle. The new owner will still need register the vehicle under their name, though.[11]
  • In most states (e.g., North Carolina), the plate-transfer fee will be waived if the vehicle’s owner dies and the title and registration are passed to the owner’s spouse.[12]

[Edit]References

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Wed, 08 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Start a Jewelry Business http://www.nespure.com/Start-a-Jewelry-Business http://www.nespure.com/Start-a-Jewelry-Business Starting your own jewelry business can be an intimidating but also incredibly rewarding experience. Whether you’re interested in making your own pieces, producing your designs with a manufacturer, or selling pre-made products, a jewelry business can be a great way to bring in some extra cash or even a full-time income. Although the jewelry market may appear crowded, you can set yourself for success by creating a strong business plan, identifying and targeting a specific audience, and cultivating a unique brand for your product.

Starting your own jewelry business can be an intimidating but also incredibly rewarding experience. Whether you’re interested in making your own pieces, producing your designs with a manufacturer, or selling pre-made products, a jewelry business can be a great way to bring in some extra cash or even a full-time income. Although the jewelry market may appear crowded, you can set yourself for success by creating a strong business plan, identifying and targeting a specific audience, and cultivating a unique brand for your product.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Setting up a Plan and Legal Foundation

  1. Create a business plan as a roadmap. A business plan is a comprehensive document that outlines what your business is and where it is going. It should also include an actionable, time-based plan for reaching those goals. To start, you can search online for templates and examples of small business plans, especially for jewelry businesses. Then, for your own business, write down your:[1]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 1.jpg
    • Vision and mission: what you want to achieve with your business.
    • Products and activities: the kind of jewelry you will sell and any other activities you will participate in (such as teaching or bespoke commissions).
    • Customers: types of people you hope will buy your jewelry.
    • Customer Service: how you will reach and interact with your potential customers (such as email, social media, or a physical storefront).
    • Suppliers and Resources: everywhere you will get your supplies, including labor.
    • Income Sources: how your business will bring in money (jewelry sales, workshops, or commissions, for example).
    • Pricing and Cost Structure: how you will determine prices for your jewelry and what types of payment you will accept.
    • Brand and Visuals: key elements of your brand and how you will represent yourself visually in marketing materials and online.
    • Marketing: how you will get the word out about your business.
    • Team: everyone involved in the business and what their roles will be.
  2. Choose a name for your business. The name of your jewelry business may be the first thing your potential customers hear, so make sure it is unique and memorable. Consider choosing a name that relates to common industry terms so your potential customers know what you’re selling: the names of materials you work with frequently (“gold?or “beads?, your method of production (“crafts?or “creations?for handmade pieces), or your style (“boho designs?or “minimalist?. If you plan to make a very specific type of jewelry, feel free to be more specific with your name (“The Pendant Boutique?or “Crochet Bracelet Creations,?for example).
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 2.jpg
    • To ensure your business name is not already taken by others, run a quick search to see if the website name is still available. You can also check with the Patent and Trademark Office, your local government, or an attorney, who can conduct a name search for you.[2]
    • Many successful designers incorporate their own names into the titles of their jewelry businesses.
  3. Register your business with a government agency. Different countries and U.S. states have different regulations, but many will require that you register your business to achieve legitimate legal status. Since procedures vary from location to location, it’s best to start by contacting your city’s Chamber of Commerce or Small Business Development Center. They can help guide you through the steps to legally register your business.[3]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 3 Version 2.jpg
    • When registering your business, be sure to clarify what records you’ll be required to keep going forward. You don’t want to be stuck with the wrong data when it comes time to file your taxes.[4]
  4. Build a basic financial model. Estimate all your costs and compare them to your expected sales to determine if your business is realistic. Make sure to include overhead costs like equipment, utilities, marketing, and labor, as well as the cost of supplies. If you overall costs are greater than your expected sales, think about how you can change your business plan to create a more sustainable venture. Consider ways to reduce your expenses as well as methods for increasing your income.[5]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 4.jpg
    • For example, if you want to use high-priced gemstones in your work, you'll need to sell your pieces for a higher cost in order to make a profit. This may determine the types of customers you'll need to target.

[Edit]Creating Your Product

  1. Make your own pieces if you enjoy hand-crafting jewelry. Making jewelry by hand can help you create unique, personalized products. Depending on your talents and interest, there are many ways to make your own pieces including beading, metalwork, fabric or string arts, and gemstone setting. If you already enjoy jewelry making, making your own products can also be a great way to translate a hobby into a profitable business venture. If you’re new to jewelry making, consider starting with free online classes to pick up some basic skills.[6]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 5.jpg
    • Whether you’re an experienced crafter or entirely new to jewelry-making, you can refine your skills through YouTube tutorials, instructional books, and websites. You can also search online to see what in-person courses may be available in your area at local schools and craft stores. [7]
  2. Produce jewelry through a manufacturer if you prefer to focus on design. If you have an idea for the product but don’t want to make each piece yourself, you can hire a manufacturer to produce your jewelry. Start with accurate sketches or 3D renderings of your design, then hire an assembly team or third-party manufacturer to create the actual pieces. Most manufacturers can ship directly to your customers.[8]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 6.jpg
    • To produce your designs, you can choose to use a simple pencil and sketch pad or invest in design software like Photoshop, Illustrator, GIMP, Pixlr, Inkscape or DrawPlus. Especially if you’re working with fine jewelry, you might consider jewelry-specific design software like JewelCAD, Matrix, or Rhinojewel.[9]
    • Local manufacturers can offer simpler communication and faster shipping times, while overseas manufacturers may be able to provide lower costs or more production options. Try searching https://makersrow.com, www.mfg.com, or www.alibaba.com for options.[10]
  3. Sell pre-made jewelry for a more large-scale approach. Consider bringing in pre-manufactured jewelry from a wholesaler like Alibaba. You can then repackage and sell these pieces individually with a markup. This pre-made jewelry can serve as your entire inventory or you can use it to supplement your own designs.[11]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 7.jpg
    • When purchasing jewelry wholesale, the price-per-item usually drops if you purchase more pieces. Consider waiting until you can place a large order to increase your profit on each piece of jewelry you sell.[12]

[Edit]Identifying and Selling to Customers

  1. Determine your potential customers and research how to engage with them. An easy place to start is by looking at jewelry businesses similar to your own. By visiting craft fairs, searching online selling websites like Etsy, browsing social media, or scheduling friendly chats, figure out who their audience is, how they sell their products, and how they engage with their customers. [13]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 8.jpg
    • Speak with friends and family or do a poll on social media to determine what types of jewelry your potential audience is looking for and how they prefer to shop.[14]
    • If you’ve already sold any pieces of jewelry, ask your customers why they chose to purchase from you.
  2. Select locations to sell your jewelry depending on your customers?preferences. Based on your customer research, make strategic decisions about where to sell your pieces. For example, if you learn that your desired customers don't use online shopping, you'll probably have more luck selling at boutiques or crafts fairs. Consider:[15]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 9.jpg
    • Setting up a booth at local and regional arts and crafts fairs.
    • Selling at farmers markets.
    • Placing products at local boutiques by speaking to their purchasing managers.
    • Setting up a page on Etsy or Amazon.
    • Selling directly through your business' website.
    • Hosting jewelry parties or selling to your friends and family.
    • Utilizing social media platforms like Facebook Marketplace.
  3. Price your jewelry so that you can make a profit. Start by determining how much it costs you to produce each piece of jewelry by adding the price of the materials, the time it took you to produce the piece (determined by an hourly market rate), the cost of the packaging, and any taxes. In order to make a profit from your jewelry, your retail price must be greater than the cost it took to produce it.[16]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 10.jpg
    • Typically, retailers will sell jewelry at 1.5-2.5 times higher than the cost to produce the piece. So, for example, if it cost you $50 to produce a necklace, you could consider selling it for $75-$125.[17]

[Edit]Building an Effective Brand

  1. Find what makes your brand different and make it your main selling point. Understanding what makes your product stand out is the first step in defining your brand. If you already have an inventory of jewelry, examine it to see if any patterns emerge, such as a certain aesthetic or trend. Certain principles (sustainability or female empowerment, for example) may also guide your business and be part of your differentiator. Whether it’s a minimalist geometric look, a commitment to using recycled materials, or a dependably fashion-forward style, a consistent and unique brand can help bring in new business as well as repeat customers.[18]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 11.jpg
    • Try searching online and saving images that inspire you to see if any trends emerge. Pinterest, Etsy, and Instagram can be great places to start.
    • If you don’t have a strong vision for your brand at the beginning, you can figure it out as you go. Make or purchase jewelry that what inspires you and then talk to your customers about what attracted them to your work. [19]
  2. Craft a logo that reflects your brand. Creating a memorable and effective logo can help make a great first impression on potential customers. When designing your logo, remember to keep your brand and target audience at the center of your decisions. Make a list of everything you want your logo to communicate about your business, as well as any aesthetic requirements, before starting your first design.[20]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 12.jpg
    • If you have the resources, you can hire a professional designer to create a logo for you. Try searching online for designers through websites like 99Designs.[21]
    • If you’re on a tighter budget, there are plenty of free online logo makers. Shopify, Logaster, and Canva all offer easy to use logo makers or generators.[22]
  3. Start a website for your business. Your website will serve as one of the most public-facing displays of your jewelry business and should help to establish your brand. Create a website that includes images of your work, details on how to purchase it, and contact information. If you want to sell your products online, you can also choose to sell your jewelry directly through your website.
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 13.jpg
    • Purchase the domain name for your business through a registrar like GoDaddy, Namecheap, 1&1 Internet or Dotster.[23]
    • Based on your budget and design preferences, choose a service to host your website such as Google sites, Wix, Weebly, Intuit, Yahoo, Bluehost, Ruxter, or Squarespace. Many of these web hosts will provide templates for you to create your website.
    • If you want to sell your jewelry through your website, look for a web hosting service that offers built-in ecommerce software, like Shopify, Bigcommerce, Wix, Weebly or Squarespace. If you’re more confident in your web development skills, you can also choose to use self-hosted open source shopping cart software, such as Magento, Word Press with WooCommerce, or Open Cart.[24]
  4. Take great photos of your jewelry for marketing and online sales. Since jewelry is a largely visual product, good photos are critical to your business, especially if you’re selling online. Even the most beautiful piece of jewelry can look unappealing to buyers if the photographs are poorly lit or unflattering. Take high-quality photos of your work to increase online sales and create attention-grabbing marketing and online materials.[25]
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 14.jpg
    • If you’re not great at photography, hire a professional. Even just a handful of images can provide a strong base for marketing materials. [26]
    • Be consistent with your product photography and try to use similar backgrounds for all your photos. For backdrops, consider using plain white, wood grain, marble, or slate. Also think about photographing your jewelry on a model to show scale and styling suggestions. [27]
  5. Develop a presence on social media for your brand. Creating accounts on social media can help to advertise your jewelry company and introduce your work to new customers. Use these accounts to share photos of your products, information about your business, and updates like sales or new lines. Include links to your social media accounts in your website, marketing pieces, and even packaging materials. Encourage your customers to post photos of themselves wearing your jewelry that you can "like" or share on your own pages.
    Start a Jewelry Business Step 15.jpg
    • Instagram is a great platform for visually striking products like jewelry. Start a profile for your business and create posts featuring your most photogenic jewelry. Follow accounts for similar businesses and use hashtags like #jewelry or #instajewelry to attract new eyes. If you have the budget, try reaching your audience through Instagram ads.[28]
    • Facebook is great for staying in touch with customers, posting product photos, and sharing news about your business, like sales or special deals. Encourage your friends, family, and repeat customers to share your posts with their own networks in order to reach new audiences.[29]

[Edit]References

  1. ?/a> https://www.jewellersacademy.com/blog/business-planing-for-your-jewelry-business
  2. ?/a> https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/53294
  3. ?/a> https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/53294
  4. ?/a> https://jewelrymakingjournal.com/do-i-need-a-business-license-to-sell-my-jewelry/
  5. ?/a> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ERogM9Rg8Xw
  6. ?/a> https://www.jewellersacademy.com/blog/start-a-jewellery-business
  7. ?/a> https://www.shopify.com/blog/203365449-start-a-jewellery-making-business
  8. ?/a> https://www.shopify.com/blog/203365449-start-a-jewellery-making-business
  9. ?/a> https://www.shopify.com/blog/203365449-start-a-jewellery-making-business
  10. ?/a> https://www.shopify.com/blog/203365449-start-a-jewellery-making-business
  11. ?/a> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfswDNKPV2s
  12. ?/a> https://www.somethingspecialla.com/blog/?p=172
  13. ?/a> https://www.jewellersacademy.com/blog/start-a-jewellery-business
  14. ?/a> https://www.jewellersacademy.com/blog/start-a-jewellery-business
  15. ?/a> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfswDNKPV2s
  16. ?/a> https://www.jewellersacademy.com/blog/pricing-your-jewellery-for-profit
  17. ?/a> https://www.jewellersacademy.com/blog/pricing-your-jewellery-for-profit
  18. ?/a> https://www.shopify.com/blog/203365449-start-a-jewellery-making-business#starting
  19. ?/a> https://www.jewellersacademy.com/blog/start-a-jewellery-business
  20. ?/a> https://www.shopify.com/blog/203365449-start-a-jewellery-making-business#starting
  21. ?/a> https://mashable.com/2014/04/30/logo-design-tips/
  22. ?/a> https://www.templatemonster.com/blog/best-free-logo-maker-services/
  23. ?/a> https://www.thesitewizard.com/archive/registerdomain.shtml
  24. ?/a> https://www.websitebuilderexpert.com/ecommerce-website-builders/best/ecommerce-software/
  25. ?/a> https://www.jewellersacademy.com/blog/start-a-jewellery-business
  26. ?/a> https://www.jewellersacademy.com/blog/start-a-jewellery-business
  27. ?/a> https://www.jewellersacademy.com/blog/start-a-jewellery-business
  28. ?/a> https://picupmedia.com/blog/how-to-sell-jewelry-on-instagram/
  29. ?/a> http://www.jewelleryworld.net.au/2018/05/21/how-to-promote-your-jewellery-business-on-social-media/
]]>
Tue, 07 Jan 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Cope with a Dysfunctional Family http://www.nespure.com/Cope-with-a-Dysfunctional-Family http://www.nespure.com/Cope-with-a-Dysfunctional-Family It is never easy to cope with a dysfunctional family. Family dysfunction can drain your emotional and physical energy. Family get-togethers may be very difficult and managing conflict may feel impossible. To cope, learn to set boundaries and avoid subjects that cause disagreement. Limit contact with family members that cause problems and learn to put yourself first. Remember, your emotional needs and well-being should be valued. When coping with a dysfunctional family, know and stand up for your own rights.

It is never easy to cope with a dysfunctional family. Family dysfunction can drain your emotional and physical energy. Family get-togethers may be very difficult and managing conflict may feel impossible. To cope, learn to set boundaries and avoid subjects that cause disagreement. Limit contact with family members that cause problems and learn to put yourself first. Remember, your emotional needs and well-being should be valued. When coping with a dysfunctional family, know and stand up for your own rights.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Dealing with Family Events

  1. Keep your expectations realistic. Dysfunctional families may be resistant to change. When going into a family situation, work on keeping your expectations in check. If you accept that some conflict and difficulty is inevitable, you may be less frustrated by disagreement.[1]
    Cope With Stigma Step 19.jpg
    • Know your most difficult family members. Limit the amount of time you spend with these people. If your mother, for instance, tends to be the cause of drama, keep your distance.
    • Do not expect a dramatic change. Breaking free of a cycle of dysfunction is difficult. If it does happen, it will take time. Go into the event knowing it will likely be difficult. At the same time, do be open to the possibility that it might be okay. Don't foreshadow events by deciding that they will be terrible. Hope for the best, prepare for the worst.
  2. Take someone with you to family events. Having a buffer can help you cope. Ask a friend or romantic partner to accompany you to support you emotionally during family functions.[2]
    Make Your Wife Happy Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • Your family may be on better behavior in the presence of an outsider. Is there anyone you could invite? Maybe a friend of yours does not have Christmas plans. See if they want to join your family's festivities.
    • Give your buffer a fair warning, however. Let them know your family can be difficult at times.
  3. Limit alcohol. Alcohol tends to fuel emotion. If your family is difficult by nature, too much alcohol could lead to an increase in conflict.[3]
    Improve Kidney Function Step 6.jpg
    • There may be problem drinkers in your family. If this is the case, it's a good idea to call family members and request an alcohol-free get together.
    • Try to provide other beverages, like sparkling cider, instead of alcohol.
    • Some family members may be uninterested in attending an event without alcohol. These people will likely not show up, or leave early. Limiting alcohol can be a great way to keep the more difficult family members away.
  4. Steer the conversation away from conflict. If your family fights, you can take it upon yourself to limit argument. It's frustrating when it's up to you to make sure people get along, but sometimes it's inevitable. Listen to various conversations and work on changing the topic when necessary.[4]
    Cope With Being Alone on Valentine's Day Step 2.jpg
    • By now, you likely know the topics that trigger drama in your family. For instance, maybe your Uncle John is chronically unemployed due to his drinking. He tends to become very sensitive when the topic is raised.
    • When you hear the problem topic arising, act fast. For example, maybe your dad says something like, "John, have you applied to any jobs lately? It's been, what, 6 months?"
    • Jump in right away and steer the conversation out of the danger zone. You can try to play a game, like 20 questions, or simply change the subject. For example, "Dad, actually, Sarah just applied to a job at a bookstore. She's really excited about it."
    • It can be helpful to go into the event with a list of "safe" topics that you think everyone will enjoy. Maybe jot these down in your phone in case you panic and forget.
  5. Have an escape route. At times, it's appropriate to walk away. If someone is getting hostile or difficult, know an excuse you can use to dodge an interaction.[5]
    Cure Dehydration at Home Step 8.jpg
    • Think of various ways to slip out for a minute. You could, for example, offer to help out in the kitchen or run to the store to get something.
    • If you want to leave early, think of an excuse. You could say you're watching a friend's pet and need to check in on it, for example. It can be helpful to lay the groundwork for this early. Say on the front end that you can only stay until whatever determined time, and that way people are not offended when you leave.
  6. Let go of some conflicts. You do not have control over other people's lives and decisions. Even if you want a family member to change, you cannot do it for them. Try to avoid becoming emotionally invested in long-standing conflicts over which you have little power.[6]
    Cope when No One Cares About You Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • For instance, maybe your mother is always very critical of you and your siblings. As a result, none of you have much contact with her. At family events, she continues to be critical and push people away.
    • You may wish your mother was different. You may want a better relationship with her; however, keep in mind it's her responsibility to change. If she continues to be resistant to altering her behavior, there is little you can do for her. Try your best to emotionally disengage.
    • Also remember that family events may just not be the right time to address these conflicts. Know that you can revisit these issues at a later time if you feel it's important. That way, holidays are not ruined by fighting.

[Edit]Managing Your Relationship with Your Family

  1. Recognize your own emotional needs. You have a right to feel respected and safe in your relationships. No one should violate this right. The first step to asserting yourself is identifying what you need.[7]
    Enjoy Each Day Step 13.jpg
    • Everyone deserves respect, and that includes you. You have a right to be around people who bring you up rather than down. In a dysfunctional family, your thoughts may be skewed. You may question whether you deserve respect. Remind yourself you do.
    • Think about what behaviors are and are not acceptable. For example, maybe your father continually criticizing your career choice is not acceptable to you. You're proud of what you do, regardless of what your father thinks. It's well within your rights to assert as much.
  2. Be firm about boundaries. In the moment, let someone know when they've crossed a line. You do not have to be aggressive or mean. You can be respectful while simultaneously making it clear where the line is.[8]
    Cope With Stigma Step 38.jpg
    • For example, shopping with your mother is always a headache. She's very critical of your appearance and tends to scrutinize the clothing you like. However, she continues to push you to go shopping with her.
    • Your mother has asked you repeatedly to go shopping this weekend. After the third or fourth time she asks, state your boundaries clearly. Say something like, "Mom, I love the time we spend together, but I think we stress each other out when we go shopping together. If you want to get lunch or see a movie some time, great, but I'm not interested in going shopping with you anymore."
    • After establishing your boundaries, it can be helpful to change the subject. This signals to the other party that the boundaries are not up for debate and also suggests that you are not angry with them. Ask about a mutual friend or if they've seen any good movies recently.
  3. Use "I"-statements when you assert yourself. "I"-statements are statements phrased in a way to reduce blame. Instead of placing an objective judgment on a situation, you emphasize your personal feelings. They have 3 parts. They begin with "I feel..." after which you immediately state your feelings. From there, you explain the behavior that led to that feeling. Lastly, you say why you felt the way you did.[9]
    Cope With Stigma Step 11 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, you're frustrated that your father has again insulted your girlfriend in front of you. You may be inclined to say something like, "It's incredibly rude to make comments on Noel's weight. That's completely disrespectful to me and to her."
    • This can be rephrased using an "I"-statement. Say something like, "I feel disrespected when you make comments on Noel's weight because that's an issue she's very sensitive to and I've explained this to you before."
  4. Lead by example. Show genuine compassion and concern for your family. Check in with them regularly and invest in them as people. Do not let their bad behavior dictate your treatment of them ?the 2 should exist separately from each other.
    Tell if Your Teen Is Being Abused Step 2 Version 3.jpg
    • For instance, don't respond to a rude family member by being rude in return or by just writing them off. Try to respond to them with compassion and understanding. Going tit-for-tat isn't going to improve the situation.
  5. Walk away when necessary. Despite your best efforts to assert your needs, some people are just very difficult. If your family is not responding to your attempts to assert yourself, it's okay to leave some situations.[10]
    Control Your Emotions Step 3 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, your father is relentless when you tell him to stop disrespecting your girlfriend. Instead of apologizing, he responds, "You're being hypersensitive. I just care about her health." You can tell, from his tone, he's getting hostile.
    • It may not be worth it to push the issue at this point. Your father is getting angry. Even as you try to respectfully address the situation, he's trying to force an argument.
    • At this point, just walk away. Say something like, "This isn't getting us anywhere. I'm going to go for a walk, okay?" Then, give yourself some time to cool down.

[Edit]Regulating Your Emotions

  1. See a therapist. It's very hard to deal with the emotional toll of a dysfunctional family alone. A qualified therapist can help you deal with the damage done by familial dysfunction. Seek out a therapist in your area to work out your issues.[11]
    Cope when No One Cares About You Step 13 Version 2.jpg
    • You can ask your regular doctor for a referral to a therapist. You can also ask your insurance provider to help you find a therapist in your area.
    • If you are a student, you may be entitled to free counseling from your college or university.
  2. Allow yourself to feel angry. Many people feel they must forgive or let go of bad behavior. If your family has been unfair to you, it's okay to feel anger. It's actually healthy to allow yourself to experience anger when you've been disrespected or mistreated.[12]
    Develop Emotional Intelligence Step 10.jpg
    • Forgiveness can be the last step in recovery. However, it is rarely healthy to forgive first. You need to put the blame on those causing the problems. Do not expect yourself to fix problems via forgiveness.
    • Find productive ways to vent anger. Talk to close friends or go to support groups. You can also write a letter to difficult family members and then burn it.
  3. Work on expressing your emotions. If you come from a dysfunctional family, you may have difficulty expressing your emotions. Work on ways to express yourself in a healthy and productive fashion. If you're seeing a therapist, it may be valuable to talk this over with them.[13]
    Develop Emotional Intelligence Step 11.jpg
    • Stop to identify your emotions several times a day. Growing up in a dysfunctional family, you may have learned to repress or ignore your emotions. Try to take time to notice what you are feeling. Also, what caused the feeling? What are you responding to? You can try keeping a journal in which you record your daily feelings.
    • You can cope with your emotions by sharing them with others. Work on finding people who are supportive. You should only share your emotions with people who respond with kindness and affirmation.
  4. Learn to trust others. This can be one of the hardest parts of coping with a dysfunctional family. It may be difficult to trust if you come from a difficult home life. Start by taking small risks, and then build from there.[14]
    Be Emotionally Independent Step 3.jpg
    • Practice seeking out the support of healthy people. Get to know people who are kind and positive. Building a "family" of quality friends is extremely important in maintaining self-esteem and helping someone cope with family dysfunction.
    • You may have difficulty telling others how you're feeling. Work on getting over this hurdle. Start by occasionally expressing small needs and wants to those around you. You can begin expressing greater needs and wants over time.
  5. Take good care of yourself. You may neglect your own self-care if you come from a dysfunctional home. If you spent a lot of time coping with conflict, you may put your own health and well-being aside. Work on practicing basic self-care. This alone can help you better regulate your emotions.[15]
    Cope With Being Alone on Valentine's Day Step 1.jpg
    • You need to do things for yourself. Make sure you eat healthy meals, get exercise, and take care of basic hygiene.
    • You should also treat yourself on occasion. If you need to take a day off, take one. Indulge in small pleasures, like going to see a movie, having coffee with a friend, or ordering takeout after a long day.

[Edit]Tips

  • Be aware that others may be "dumping" their negative feelings on you. If someone is feeling helpless or powerless, they may criticize you in order to feel stronger. Do not take this personally.

[Edit]Warnings

  • If dysfunction takes the form of physical abuse, end the relationship. No one should be hitting, kicking, or otherwise physically harming you.

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Tue, 07 Jan 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Make a Borax Crystal Snowflake http://www.nespure.com/Make-a-Borax-Crystal-Snowflake http://www.nespure.com/Make-a-Borax-Crystal-Snowflake Creating borax crystal snowflakes is a fun way to do science and make something beautiful at the same time! It only takes a few items to make borax crystal snowflakes, and they are easy to make. You will have to wait overnight for the snowflakes to form, so plan ahead if you will need the snowflake by a certain time. Try making a crystal snowflake to use as an ornament, sun catcher, or something pretty to display on a shelf.

Creating borax crystal snowflakes is a fun way to do science and make something beautiful at the same time! It only takes a few items to make borax crystal snowflakes, and they are easy to make. You will have to wait overnight for the snowflakes to form, so plan ahead if you will need the snowflake by a certain time. Try making a crystal snowflake to use as an ornament, sun catcher, or something pretty to display on a shelf.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Creating the Snowflake Base

  1. Cut a pipe cleaner into 3 even-sized pieces. If your pipe cleaners are long, then each piece will be . You can measure if you want to be precise, but it’s also okay to eyeball it.[1]

    • Make sure to use a strong pair of scissors or wire cutters to cut through the pipe cleaner.[2]
    • You can use white pipe cleaners for white crystal snowflakes, or use colored pipe cleaners so that the color will be visible through the clear crystals.[3]
  2. Twist together 2 of the pipe cleaner pieces to form an X. Take 2 of the pieces you cut from the pipe cleaner and cross them to form an X. Then, twist the ends of the pipe cleaners in opposite directions 2 times to secure them together.[4]

    • Don’t twist the pipe cleaners too much or you will have a clump of wires in the center of the X.
  3. Wrap a third pipe cleaner around the center of the X. Next, take the remaining pipe cleaner piece and wrap it around the center of the X. Distribute the ends of the pipe cleaner evenly on both sides of the X. This will connect all 3 pipe cleaner pieces into a shape that looks similar to an asterisk (*).[5]

    • Make sure the third pipe cleaner is securely attached, but do not twist it too many times around the other 2 pipe cleaners. Once or twice is plenty!
  4. Cut another pipe cleaner into 6 equal-sized pieces. Each of these pieces will be about half the size of the first set of pipe cleaner pieces you made. If the first set was each, then this set will be each.[6]

    • You may want to use a ruler to ensure that the pieces are all the same size. Hold the pipe cleaner just above a ruler and use the markings on the ruler to guide you as you cut.
  5. Twist the short pieces around the spokes for a more intricate design. To complete your design, form V shapes around the spokes with the shorter pieces of pipe cleaner. Position the short pipe cleaner about from the end of a spoke with an equal amount of pipe cleaner on each side. Then, move the ends of the pipe cleaner to the opposite sides of the spoke to wrap the small piece around it. Pull the ends tight to ensure that the pipe cleaner piece is secured to the spoke.[7]

    • Repeat this for all of the other small pieces on the remaining 5 spokes.

[Edit]Mixing the Borax Solution

  1. Fill a glass measuring cup with 4 cups (960 mL) of hot water. Bring the water to a boil by placing it in the microwave for about 3 minutes, or by boiling it in a pot or kettle on the stovetop. Ensure that the container can hold this amount of fluid and still have of space at the top.[8]

    • If you don’t have a glass measuring cup, you can also use a large, wide-mouth jar to create your snowflake.[9]
    • Use caution when handling the container of boiling hot water! Use a potholder to grasp the container and move it carefully. Ask for help if you do not know how to do this safely.
  2. Stir in 12 tablespoons (36 g) of borax powder. Measure out the borax powder to add the correct amount to the water. Use a spoon to stir the borax into the water as you add it. Keep stirring until the powder is completely dissolved in the water.[10]

    • You can find borax powder in the laundry detergent aisle, but make sure that the product you buy only contains borax. Do not purchase the borax powder that is already mixed with laundry detergent![11]
  3. Add 3 drops of food coloring, if desired. Without adding food coloring, the crystals will be clear and take on the color of your pipe cleaners. If you want the crystals to be tinted with color, add 4 drops of food coloring to the solution and stir it in.[12]
    Make a Borax Crystal Snowflake Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • Try adding 4 drops of blue food coloring for light blue snowflakes, or 2 drops of blue and 2 drops of red food coloring for purple snowflakes.

[Edit]Forming the Crystals

  1. Tie a piece of fishing line around 1 pipe cleaner and the middle of a pen. Cut the fishing line so that it is about long. Then, tie the end of the fishing line around the center of 1 of the snowflake spokes. Tie the other end of the fishing line around the center of a pen.[13]

    • A durable thread will also work in place of fishing line.
    • A pencil also works fine. Just ensure that the pen or pencil is long enough to go all the way across your container and that it can rest on the edges without falling in.
  2. Dip the snowflake base into the solution. Make sure that the snowflake base is fully submerged in the borax solution. Position the pen on the top of the container to suspend the pipe cleaner base in the solution.[14]

    • You may need to wrap the fishing line around the pen several times to make the fishing line taut and keep the snowflake upright in the solution.
  3. Wait 8 to 24 hours for crystals to form on the pipe cleaners. Place the container somewhere out of the reach of small children and pets. Then, do not disturb the container for the next 8 to 24 hours. The crystals will grow on the pipe cleaner base during this time, and the longer you wait, the more crystals there will be on the pipe cleaners.[15]

    • Let the pipe cleaner base sit in the solution for at least 8 hours or overnight.[16]
  4. Remove the snowflake from the solution and transfer it to a plate to dry. When you are happy with the amount of crystals that have formed on the pipe cleaners, grasp the pen and lift it up to remove the pipe cleaner base from the solution. Place the snowflake onto a plate and allow it to dry fully before handling it. This will take about 1 hour.[17]

    • If the bottom of the pipe cleaner base is stuck to the bottom of the container, use a fork to gently loosen it.
  5. Use the finished snowflake as an ornament or sun catcher. Once your snowflake is ready, you can display it and enjoy looking at the crystals. Use the fishing line to hang it in front of a window so it catches the sunlight, or add an ornament hook to the fishing line and hang it from your Christmas tree as a decoration.[18]

[Edit]Warnings

  • Borax crystal snowflakes are not edible! DO NOT try to eat them![19]

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

  • 2 pipe cleaners in the color of your choice
  • Strong scissors or wire cutters
  • Ruler
  • Fishing line or durable thread
  • Pen or pencil
  • Glass measuring cup or a large wide-mouthed jar
  • Boiling hot water
  • Borax powder
  • Food coloring (optional)
  • Glass plate

[Edit]References

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Tue, 07 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Tell if You're a Super Taster http://www.nespure.com/Tell-if-You%27re-a-Super-Taster http://www.nespure.com/Tell-if-You%27re-a-Super-Taster If you’re a foodie, you might be interested to know if you’re a supertaster. Super tasters experience more intense flavors when they eat because they have an increased amount of taste receptors on their tongues. You can see how many taste receptors you have by using food dye and counting them. Or, if you’re old enough to drink, swirling wine around your tongue will also increase their visibility. You might also take note of how you experience certain flavors (although that’s not a sure-fire test). Only 25% of people in the world are supertasters, but you could be one of them!

If you’re a foodie, you might be interested to know if you’re a supertaster. Super tasters experience more intense flavors when they eat because they have an increased amount of taste receptors on their tongues. You can see how many taste receptors you have by using food dye and counting them. Or, if you’re old enough to drink, swirling wine around your tongue will also increase their visibility. You might also take note of how you experience certain flavors (although that’s not a sure-fire test). Only 25% of people in the world are supertasters, but you could be one of them!

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Using Blue Food Dye

  1. Place 3 to 4 drops of blue food coloring onto your tongue. Swirl the dye onto your tongue a little to make sure it coats the entire top of your tongue. The food dye will help the small bumps (papillae) stand out from the surface of your tongue.[1]
    Tell if You're a Super Taster Step 1.jpg
    • You can also use green food dye—just avoid using red or pink, as it’s too close to the color of your tongue.
    • If you don’t have any food dye (and if you’re of legal drinking age), swirl red wine in your mouth. Red wine contains acids and sugars that stimulate the taste receptors on your tongue.[2]
  2. Put a hole-punch reinforcement sticker onto your tongue. Stick out your tongue and place the hole-punch sticker on the top of your tongue toward the front. Since your tongue is wet, it may not stick, but place it on the top and tilt your head so it stays in place.[3]
    Tell if You're a Super Taster Step 2.jpg
    • If you don’t have a hole-punch reinforcement sticker, cut a piece of lined paper into a small strip that includes 1 hole punch. Lay that on the front area of your tongue instead.
  3. Use a magnifying glass and a flashlight to see the papillae better. Lean into a mirror and shine a flashlight onto your tongue. Position the magnifying glass at an angle between your face and the mirror where you can see your tongue reflected in the mirror.[4]
    Tell if You're a Super Taster Step 3.jpg
    • If you don’t have a magnifying glass, you can also use a magnifying mirror.
  4. Count the number of bumps inside the circular sticker. Hold your tongue very still and count how many bumps you see inside the circular sticker. Regular tasters have about 15 to 30, but if you have more than 30, you’re a supertaster![5]
    Tell if You're a Super Taster Step 4.jpg
    • If you have a friend, family member, or roommate around, ask them to help you count the bumps or double-check your tally.
    • If you’re using a strip of paper and red wine, place it on your tongue toward the back (where you see larger lumps). If you have more than 8 lumps, you’re a supertaster.[6]

[Edit]Tasting Foods and Drinks

  1. Notice if you tend to avoid naturally bitter foods and drinks. Bitterness is detected at the back of the tongue, where large lumps of papillae are located. Supertasters have lots of these lumps, causing bitterness to be exacerbated. If you avoid these foods because they taste so bitter to the point of disgust, you could be a supertaster. Some of the naturally bitter foods supertasters avoid are:[7]
    Tell if You're a Super Taster Step 5.jpg
    • Coffee
    • Dark chocolate
    • Non-sweetened alcoholic beverages (like gin and tonics)
    • Beer (IPAs, bitter pale-ales)
  2. Eat green vegetables to see if they taste sour. Spinach, broccoli, brussels sprouts, kale, and collard greens can taste overly bitter and off-putting to supertasters. If you purposefully avoid these foods for that reason, you might be a supertaster.[8]
    Tell if You're a Super Taster Step 6.jpg
    • Keep in mind that if you avoid these foods just because you don’t like them, that doesn’t make you a supertaster.
    • Eat the greens raw or cooked with little to no oil and seasoning to let the natural flavor of each vegetable come through.
  3. Try spicy foods and note how you react. Since supertasters experience flavors more intensely than regular tasters, spicy peppers will be extremely spicy—even to the point of pain. That’s because supertasters also have more pain receptors on the tongue (in addition to more papillae).[9]
    Tell if You're a Super Taster Step 7.jpg
    • If you avoid jalapeno peppers, serrano peppers, tabasco peppers, cayenne, or hot sauce because you experienced pain, that could be a sign that you’re a supertaster.
    • If you like the burn of spicy foods, you might still be a supertaster—you’ve just conditioned yourself to like the sensation.
  4. Eat cilantro to see if it tastes soapy. For normal tasters, cilantro tastes fresh and citrusy. But if you’re a supertaster, it might taste soapy or metallic. Eat fresh-picked cilantro leaves or dried cilantro to see how you respond.[10]
    Tell if You're a Super Taster Step 8.jpg
    • Some supertasters think cilantro tastes bitter as well.
  5. Notice if you perceive foods to be over-seasoned on a regular basis. If you regularly find yourself judging food as too salty, too peppery, or too heavy on the spices, you might have more taste receptors on your tongue than the average eater. It may seem like you’re just a picky eater, when really, you could be a supertaster![11]
    Tell if You're a Super Taster Step 9.jpg
    • However, this isn’t a sure-fire sign because it could be that you just like lightly-seasoned foods.

[Edit]Tips

  • Don’t assume that supertasters are “better?or enjoy eating food more than the average taster.
  • Sometimes, strong reactions to certain tastes might be a sign of sensory processing disorder, a condition that is more common in childhood but can last into adult years. It affects how you perceive sensory input.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Brush your teeth as soon as possible after doing the test with blue food dye. Food dyes will stain your teeth for about 2 hours without brushing.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Using Blue Food Dye

  • Magnifying glass
  • Flashlight
  • Blue food dye
  • Hole punch reinforcement stickers
  • Mirror (or a friend to count for you)
  • Lined notebook paper (optional)
  • Red wine (optional)

[Edit]Tasting Foods and Drinks

  • Bitter foods and drinks: coffee, dark chocolate, non-sweetened alcoholic beverages, beer (IPA)
  • Green vegetables: spinach, broccoli, brussels sprouts, kale, and collard greens
  • Spicy foods: jalapeno peppers, serrano peppers, tabasco peppers, cayenne, or hot sauce
  • Cilantro (fresh or dried)

[Edit]References

]]>
Mon, 06 Jan 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Store Old Photos http://www.nespure.com/Store-Old-Photos http://www.nespure.com/Store-Old-Photos Old photographs are great momentos to pass down between generations and preserve history. When you have old photos that you want to save, there are easy ways to ensure they don’t fade or get damaged. If you want to keep prints, keep them in individual sleeves in a dark place so they don’t get damaged. If you want to back up your photos, scanning them digitally will allow you to access them on a computer and reprint them. With proper storage, you’ll be able to keep your photos looking great!

Old photographs are great momentos to pass down between generations and preserve history. When you have old photos that you want to save, there are easy ways to ensure they don’t fade or get damaged. If you want to keep prints, keep them in individual sleeves in a dark place so they don’t get damaged. If you want to back up your photos, scanning them digitally will allow you to access them on a computer and reprint them. With proper storage, you’ll be able to keep your photos looking great!

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Preserving Physical Prints

  1. Organize your prints into chronological order to make them easier to find. Lay out your photos and sort them into groups based on how old they are. You don’t need to get the order perfect as long as you’re able to remember where you put your photos. If you want to, remove any photos that are poor-quality or that you don’t want to save.[1]
    Store Old Photos Step 1.jpg
    • If you don’t know the chronological order, you can also sort by the location in the photo or who’s in each picture.
    • If you have a large photo collection, break the job into smaller chunks so you don’t get overwhelmed.
    • Be sure to wash your hands before handling old photographs so you don’t leave any damaging oil on them.
  2. Use a photo album if you still want to look through your photos regularly. Get a photo album that uses sleeved pages rather than adhesives or picture corners. Slide 1 picture into each slot on the album pages so they’re displayed in the order you organized them. If there are lines on the sides of the page, you can use them to write a description of the picture.[2]
    Store Old Photos Step 2.jpg
    • You can buy photo albums with various cover designs from big box stores or photography shops.
    • You can also write descriptions on the backs of the photos using a felt-tip pen or marker.
    • Some photo albums have a set amount of bound pages while others allow you to add more pages later on. Choose a style that works best for you.
    • Photo albums work best for photos that are or smaller.
  3. Place individual prints in acid-free sleeves to keep them safe. Acid-free sleeves keep your photos flat and prevent them from fading. Get sleeves that match the sizes of your prints so your photos don’t slide around or get damaged. Only use 1 photo per sleeve, and use a felt-tip marker to label the sleeve or the back of the photo with a description.[3]
    Store Old Photos Step 3.jpg
    • You can buy acid-free sleeves online or from photography stores.
    • Avoid using a ballpoint pen to write descriptions on the sleeves or photos since you could leave dents.
    • If you have larger prints, such as an , and aren’t able to find acid-free sleeves, you can also use manilla envelopes.
  4. Store the photos in acid-free boxes for more condensed storage. Get a photo storage box that’s tall enough for your pictures to stand up straight and is labeled “acid-free.?Put your sleeved photos into the box in the order you laid them out. Fill the box so the photos don’t move around or shift out of place before sealing it closed.[4]
    Store Old Photos Step 4.jpg
    • You can buy acid-free photo storage boxes online or from photography shops.
    • If you aren’t able to stand the photos up straight, lay them flat on the bottom of the box and carefully stack them so they don’t get damaged.
    • If you aren’t able to get an acid-free storage box, you can also use a shoebox.
  5. Keep photos in an area that’s below and has low humidity. Choose a place that doesn’t receive a lot of light and is away from moisture, such as under your bed, in a closet, or inside of a cabinet drawer. Make sure the temperature doesn’t regularly go over since it could damage your photos. Check the humidity using a hygrometer to see if it’s between 15?5%, or else your photos will age more quickly.[5]
    Store Old Photos Step 5.jpg
    • Avoid storing photos in a garage, attic, or basement since moisture can build up and cause the photos to warp.
    • If you’re putting photos in a storage unit, make sure you can control the climate so your photos don’t age.
  6. Display old photos with archival frames in areas that don’t get constant light. If you want to show off older photos, choose frames that have archival glass to help slow down their aging process. Put the photos on walls that are out of direct sunlight so they don’t fade as quickly. When you aren’t in the room with the photos, turn off the lights and close any curtains to preserve them for longer.[6]
    Store Old Photos Step 6.jpg
    • Choose multiple photos to display so you can cycle through them so they don’t age as quickly.

[Edit]Digitizing Your Photos

  1. Clean the glass on a scanner with a lens cleaner and lint-free cloth. Open the scanner to reveal the glass scanning surface. Spray the lens cleaner onto the cloth and wipe the glass in a circular motion to remove any dust that’s left on the surface. Make sure there aren’t any streaks on the glass, or else they’ll be visible on your photos when you scan them. Close the scanner so dust doesn’t land on the glass.[7]
    Store Old Photos Step 7.jpg
    • If you don’t have a scanner at home, you may be able to find one at your local library or a print shop.
  2. Set the scanner so it uploads as a TIFF at 600 DPI. Access the scanner properties on your computer and check the output file format. Look through the list of file types and choose TIFF so the scan runs at the highest quality. Then look for the DPI (dots per inch) setting and change it to 600 so the photo doesn’t pixelate when you scan it.[8]
    Store Old Photos Step 8.jpg
    • If you can’t use TIFF as a file format, you can also try using JPG for similar results.
    • If you don’t plan on enlarging the photos, you can also try a 300 DPI setting.
  3. Lay your photos face down on the scanner. You can usually scan 3? pictures at the same time to make the process move faster. Put the pictures against the scanner’s glass so the sides with the images face down. Ensure that the photos lay flat and don’t hang off of the glass. Close the cover so the photos don’t move around.[9]
    Store Old Photos Step 9.jpg
    • Some scanning software auto-detects photographs while others may make you crop your photos later on.
  4. Name and scan the images onto your computer. Press the Preview button on your scanner or computer to do a pre-scan so you can see if the photos look okay. If you like how the photos look after the preview, type in a short file name into the box on your screen before clicking “Scan.?The scanner may take a few seconds or minutes to digitize your photographs.[10]
    Store Old Photos Step 10.jpg
    • For example, you could name a file “family_vacation98?so you can go back and find the images later.

[Edit]Backing up Digital Photos

  1. Upload your photos to a cloud storage site so you can access them anywhere. Cloud storage sites give you a set amount of space that you access as long as you’re connected to the Internet. Look for a cloud service that meets your needs and choose a plan that matches how much storage you need. Upload the scanned photos to the cloud so they can save.[11]
    Store Old Photos Step 11.jpg
    • Keep copies of your scanned photos on your computer in case there’s a problem with your cloud services.
    • Many cloud services will give you a free amount of storage, but you can pay to buy more if you want it.
  2. Get a storage app on your phone if you have pictures there. Storage apps automatically upload pictures you take on your phone to the Internet so you don’t lose them if you misplace your device. Look for a storage app that fits your needs and create an account. Allow the app to access the photos on your device so it can upload them to cloud so you can access them anywhere.[12]
    Store Old Photos Step 12.jpg
    • Many large cloud storage services, such as Amazon Prime Photos, Apple iCloud, and Google Photos, have apps so you can access photos you uploaded from your computer as well.
  3. Copy your files onto external hard drives or CDs so you have physical backups. Get an external drive that’s large enough to hold all of your photos and plug it into your computer. Locate the scanned photos on your computer and place them in a folder so you can copy them easily. Make a copy of that folder to upload to a hard drive or CD so you don’t lose the scans if your computer crashes.[13]
    Store Old Photos Step 13.jpg
    • You can buy external hard drives from electronics stores.
    • Many photo departments have services where you can transfer files to a CD if you aren’t able to burn them at home.

[Edit]Tips

  • Always wash your hands before you handle your photos so you don’t leave any oils on your pictures.
  • There are many online services you can use to digitize your photos if you aren’t able to at home.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Preserving Physical Prints

  • Acid-free sleeves or pages
  • Photo albums
  • Acid-free storage boxes
  • Archival frames

[Edit]Digitizing Your Photos

  • Computer
  • Scanner
  • Lens cleaner
  • Lint-free cloth
  • External hard drives or CDs

[Edit]References

]]>
Mon, 06 Jan 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Find a Substitute for a Wire Cooling Rack (Baking) http://www.nespure.com/Find-a-Substitute-for-a-Wire-Cooling-Rack-(Baking) http://www.nespure.com/Find-a-Substitute-for-a-Wire-Cooling-Rack-(Baking) A wire cooling rack is an indispensable piece of kitchenware when you want to quickly and efficiently cool down baked goods. However, you might not always have one handy. If this is the case, improvise a rack out of other common things you can find in many kitchens or set pans down where they have airflow so the bottom cools down faster. If you can’t create a makeshift cooling rack or set a pan somewhere where it will cool down faster, transfer baked goods to other cool, flat surfaces to cool them down faster.

A wire cooling rack is an indispensable piece of kitchenware when you want to quickly and efficiently cool down baked goods. However, you might not always have one handy. If this is the case, improvise a rack out of other common things you can find in many kitchens or set pans down where they have airflow so the bottom cools down faster. If you can’t create a makeshift cooling rack or set a pan somewhere where it will cool down faster, transfer baked goods to other cool, flat surfaces to cool them down faster.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Improvising an Elevated Surface

  1. Use a spare baking rack if you have one available. Pull an extra rack out of the oven, toaster oven, or roasting pan. Set it on the counter and set a hot baking sheet or pan on it to cool or transfer the baked goods directly to the baking rack to cool them even faster.[1]
    Find a Substitute for a Wire Cooling Rack (Baking) Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • If there isn’t enough clearance under the rack to allow a lot of air flow, you can set it on something that will lift it up higher and still allow air underneath all of it. For instance, a frying pan or a pot would work.
  2. Use a removable grate from a gas stovetop as a cooling rack. This will work if you have the type of gas stove with raised grates that sit over top of the burners. Take a grate off and set it on the counter, then set a pan on it so the bottom of the pan cools faster or transfer large baked goods directly to it.[2]

    • Make sure the grate is completely cool before you do this.
    • If you want to transfer a large baked item, such as a loaf of bread, directly to the grate to cool, clean the grate thoroughly with soap and water first.
  3. Place baked goods on top of a cool burner on an electric stove. Set a hot pan or baking sheet down on the burner so the airflow will cool it down faster or transfer large baked items directly to the burner. Clean the burner thoroughly before you put any baked goods directly on it.
    Find a Substitute for a Wire Cooling Rack (Baking) Step 3 Version 2.jpg
    • Make sure none of the burners around it are on, or else the baked goods won’t cool down effectively.
  4. Roll up pieces of foil and put them on the counter apart. Roll at least 3 pieces of foil into tight cylinders thick enough to lift the baked items you want to cool off the countertop and allow air to circulate underneath. Place the rolls about apart from each other, then set a baking sheet, pan, or large baked item on top of them.[3]

    • Make more than 3 foil cylinders if whatever you plan to cool is large and heavy. As long as the cylinders can be spaced apart from each other, there is no limit on how many you can use to distribute the weight.
  5. Create a grid out of metal open-style cookie cutters to use as a rack. Position several open-style metal cookie cutters of any shape next to each other with a little space between them so air can move around. Set your pan or baking sheet of baked goods down on them or transfer a large baked item to sit directly on top of them to cool down.[4]

    • You won't be able to transfer smaller baked goods, such as cookies or muffins, directly onto the cookie cutters because they won't be able to balance on them.

[Edit]Transferring Items to a Cool, Flat Surface

  1. Place baked items on a clean, cool baking sheet to cool down faster. Transfer baked goods from a warm baking sheet or pan to the cold one. This will help the undersides of the baked items cool down faster than leaving them on the sheet they were baked on.[5]

    Find a Substitute for a Wire Cooling Rack (Baking) Step 6.jpg
    • Set the baking sheet aside and away from the oven ahead of time to ensure it is cool when you want to put the baked goods on it.
  2. Put baked items on a countertop lined with paper towels to cool down. Line a countertop with paper towels. Transfer the baked goods from the pan or baking sheet to the paper towels and wait for them to cool.
    Find a Substitute for a Wire Cooling Rack (Baking) Step 7.jpg
    • The paper towels will also absorb extra oil, butter, or grease from the bottoms of the cookies.
  3. Transfer baked goods to a cool plate to cool them faster. A room temperature plate that is large enough to hold the cake, cookies, bread, or pastries will work to cool them down more quickly. Carefully remove the baked goods from the pan or baking sheet and place them on a clean, cool plate with space between individual items.[6]

    • Put a paper towel down on the plate first if you want to absorb extra oil or butter from the bottoms of the baked items.
  4. Use a room-temperature pizza baking stone to cool baked items if you have one. Simply slide the baked items onto the pizza stone or transfer them with a spatula. Leave them to cool at room temperature.

  5. Move baked goods to a cool cutting board to let them cool down. Any kind of clean cutting board works as a good flat surface to cool down baked items on. Transfer the baked goods to the board so they cool down faster than if you leave them on a baking sheet or in a pan.
    Find a Substitute for a Wire Cooling Rack (Baking) Step 10.jpg
    • Marble or granite chopping boards can be an especially good surface to cool a baked item on because they stay very cool.
    • Lay a paper towel on top of the cutting board first to absorb extra fat from the baked goods if you want.

[Edit]Tips

  • Wire cooling racks are inexpensive items that are very handy to have in the kitchen. If you don't have one, consider picking one up next time you visit a kitchen supply store.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

[Edit]Improvising and Cooling Down Pans Faster

  • Spare baking rack
  • Removable gas stove grate
  • Burner on electric stove
  • Foil
  • Open-style cookie cutters

[Edit]Transferring Items to a Cool, Flat Surface

  • Baking sheet
  • Plate
  • Pizza stone
  • Cutting board
  • Paper towels (optional)

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

]]>
Mon, 06 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Play Bagpipes http://www.nespure.com/Play-Bagpipes http://www.nespure.com/Play-Bagpipes Playing the bagpipes properly requires the right stance, a strong set of lungs, and a good understanding of the relationship between pressure and sound. To start playing the bagpipes, you’ll need to learn what each piece does, how it works, and where you’re supposed to position it. To get better at the bagpipes, practice playing notes on a practice chanter and work on your breath control by performing 2-minute drills. With enough persistence and practice, you’ll be performing beautiful music in no time!

Playing the bagpipes properly requires the right stance, a strong set of lungs, and a good understanding of the relationship between pressure and sound. To start playing the bagpipes, you’ll need to learn what each piece does, how it works, and where you’re supposed to position it. To get better at the bagpipes, practice playing notes on a practice chanter and work on your breath control by performing 2-minute drills. With enough persistence and practice, you’ll be performing beautiful music in no time!

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Understanding and Holding Your Bagpipes

  1. Hold the bagpipes with the bass drone over your nondominant shoulder. Loop your left arm underneath the bagpipes and lift it with both hands underneath. Tilt the bass drone, which is the longest pipe on the top of the bag, behind you. Rest it in the pocket where your shoulder blade meets your neck. Keep the bagpipes pinched between your left arm and left side, using the gravity from the tip of your bass drone and your hips to keep the bagpipes still.[1]
    Play Bagpipes Step 1.jpg
    • You should keep your shoulders as straight as possible when you play the bagpipes.
    • There is no volume control on bagpipes. Keep this in mind before you purchase a set if you live in an apartment or have roommates.[2]
  2. Inflate the bagpipes by blowing into the blowstick. The blow-stick is the thin, plastic piece with an opening at the top. It sits next to the bass drone. Blow firmly into the blowstick to fill the bag with air and inflate it. When you blow into the bag, it will naturally stay inflated for 5-25 seconds as air begins to escape out of the drones. You need to repeatedly blow into the blowstick to keep the bag consistently inflated.[3]
    Play Bagpipes Step 2.jpg
    • There is a valve inside the blowstick that allows air to travel into the bag without letting the air come back out. If you feel air coming out of the blowstick after you blow, you may need a new blowstick.
  3. Keep the bag inflated to emit sound from the drones. The 3 big pipes that stick out the top of the bagpipes are the drones. There are 2 tenor drones and 1 bass drone. The drones function sort of like pedals on a piano by providing a continuous note that carries as you play. Each drone will naturally produce a humming noise when you play the bagpipes, as air travels through them and out of the top of the drones.[4]
    Play Bagpipes Step 3.jpg
    • When you hold a set of bagpipes, the bass drone is the large one that rests over your nondominant shoulder. The 2 other pipes are tenor drones. Both tenor drones are tuned to be 1 octave higher than the bass drone.
    • There are small plastic pieces wrapped around the middle of each drone. These are called tuning slides, and are used to adjust the note coming out of a reed. To raise the pitch on a drone’s note, slide it up. To lower the note, slide it down.
  4. Hold the chanter with both hands to begin playing. The remaining stick that hangs off of the bagpipes on the opposite side is called the chanter. It is used to play specific notes on the bagpipes as you inflate it. Hold the chanter with your right hand on the bottom half of the chanter and your left hand on top.[5]
    Play Bagpipes Step 4.jpg
    • Even if you are left-handed, you should still place your right hand on the bottom half. It’s hard to learn the bagpipes with your hands reversed.
    • There are 4 reeds inside the bag. As you play the bagpipes, air blows through the bag, causing the reeds to vibrate and make sound. The drones cause 3 of the reeds to play a continuous note while the chanter controls the fourth reed.

[Edit]Playing Specific Notes

  1. Put your fingers over the corresponding notes from top to bottom. There are 8 holes used to produce 9 notes on a bagpipe. The holes represent the notes high-A, high-G, F, E, D, C, B, and low-A, and are arranged with the highest note at the top of the chanter (high-A) and all subsequent notes going down towards the tip of the chanter. Place your hands with your left hand covering the top 4 notes and your right hand covering the bottom 4.[6]
    Play Bagpipes Step 5.jpg
    • The ninth note that doesn’t have a hole is low-G. This is played by blowing while covering all of the holes at the same time.
    • The 2 fingers that aren’t used are the right thumb, which wraps around the chanter to hold it steady, and the left pinky, which hangs off of the chanter for balance. Your left thumb covers high-A on the backside of the chanter.
    • Keep your fingers at a 90-degree angle on top of the holes to fully cover each opening.
  2. Lift a finger off a note while blowing to play it. To play a specific note, lift the corresponding finger off of the note that it’s covering. For example, your right index finger covers the D hole. Keep all other holes covered while blowing and raise your right index off of the chanter to play a D note. When you raise a finger to play a note, lift it approximately off of the chanter.[7]
    Play Bagpipes Step 6.jpg
    • Don’t use the tips of your fingers to cover the holes. Instead, use the thicker pads on fingers that are closer to your palm. This will ensure that each hole is covered completely.
  3. Adjust the pitch of a note by controlling your breath. If you blow harder while playing a note, you’ll raise the note’s pitch. If you blow softer while playing a note, you’ll lower a note’s pitch. Pitch can also be modified by the amount of pressure that you place on the bag with your arm. Pressing will raise the pitch while releasing the bag will lower it. Put pressure on the side of the bag while you’re blowing lightly to compensate for the change in pressure while you catch your breath.[8]
    Play Bagpipes Step 7.jpg
    • Mastering the relationship between pressure from your arm and input from the blowstick is essential to maintaining the continuous sound in the drones.
  4. Raise multiple fingers to play chords and unnatural notes. While the bagpipes only have 9 natural notes, their sounds can be manipulated to play chords and unnatural notes by lifting multiple fingers at the same time. Usually, lifting multiple fingers produces a variety on a single note since there’s still only 1 reed in the chanter. To produce chords, sheet music will often require you to place a single high-A or low-G in the middle of a continuous sound to make it seem like a chord is being played (these are called grace notes).[9]
    Play Bagpipes Step 8.jpg
    • For example, lifting your left thumb, left index, left ring finger and right pinky at the same time plays an A sharp, but if you play a grace note in between, it may sound like multiple notes are being played.
    • If you’re just starting out, don’t worry about learning how to manipulate the chanter to play chords or unnatural notes. Start out with the basics and then build from there.

[Edit]Practicing and Getting Better

  1. Get a practice chanter to commit notes to memory. Practice chanters are smaller versions of a bagpipe chanter. They are designed to produce sound on their own so that you can practice playing the notes on a bagpipe. Learning on a practice chanter will let you see your fingers on the chanter while blowing, which will make it easier to memorize the movements required to play certain notes.[10]
    Play Bagpipes Step 9.jpg
    • There are electronic practice chanters that can digitally shut off certain notes or pitches to make practicing easier.
    • To get used to the notes and the sounds that they make, start practicing by playing the notes in order from high-A to low-A.
  2. Memorize some simple tunes to practice playing. Songs are typically played on bagpipes from memory, since playing the instrument requires using both hands at the same time while they’re underneath the bag. This makes it near-impossible to play the bagpipes while looking at the finger board, reading music, and blowing at the same time. Practice memorizing a song on a practice chanter before trying to play a song.[11]
    Play Bagpipes Step 11.jpg
    • ”Amazing Grace?is a famous bagpipe song, and a good starting point once you’ve mastered the notes. It is a good song to learn early on because it’s immediately recognizable and doesn’t require any complicated or quick hand movements.
  3. Perform the 2-minute trick to practice breath control. Hold the bag by the bass drone where it meets the bag. With no pressure being placed on the bag by your arm, inflate the bag with the blowstick so that the drones make noise. Try to blow and keep the bag inflated so that it plays the same continuous pitch for 2 minutes. This exercise will help you practice breath control while getting used to the rate at which the bag naturally deflates.[12]
    Play Bagpipes Step 10.jpg
    • If this is too difficult for you, put corks inside of the tenor drones and chanter so that you’re only blowing a bass note.

[Edit]References

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Sun, 05 Jan 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Bleach Hair Without Damaging It http://www.nespure.com/Bleach-Hair-Without-Damaging-It http://www.nespure.com/Bleach-Hair-Without-Damaging-It Bleaching your hair creates a bold look, but it also causes damage. Fortunately, you might be able to protect and restore your strands to minimize damage, whether you’re bleaching blonde hair or darker hair. The bleaching process isn’t too difficult, but go slowly to minimize the chances of making a mistake. The best way to bleach your hair is to prep it with a conditioning treatment before applying the bleach. Additionally, care for your hair after you bleach it to help restore the moisture.

Bleaching your hair creates a bold look, but it also causes damage. Fortunately, you might be able to protect and restore your strands to minimize damage, whether you’re bleaching blonde hair or darker hair. The bleaching process isn’t too difficult, but go slowly to minimize the chances of making a mistake. The best way to bleach your hair is to prep it with a conditioning treatment before applying the bleach. Additionally, care for your hair after you bleach it to help restore the moisture.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Prepping Your Hair

  1. Use a deep conditioning mask daily in the week before bleaching. Since bleaching your hair depletes it of moisture, add extra moisture to your hair in the days prior to bleaching it. Purchase a deep conditioning mask and follow the directions to apply it to your hair. Coat your entire head of hair with the treatment, then let it sit for the recommended period of time. Rinse the treatment out with cool water.[1]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 1.jpg
    • Repeat the treatment every day for a full week before you bleach your hair.
    • The cool water will close your hair shaft and make your hair look shiny.
    • As an example, you might leave the treatment on for 30 minutes.
  2. Test the bleach 48 hours in advance to check for a reaction. Mix up a small amount of bleach about 48 hours before you plan to bleach your hair. Mix 1 part bleach powder and 2 parts developer/peroxide. Apply a dab of the bleach on your skin and coat a strand of your hair. Let the bleach sit for 30 minutes, then rinse it off and check your results.[2]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 2.jpg
    • See if the shade of your strand is your desired shade. This will give you an idea of what your hair will look like after you bleach it. If necessary, you can adjust the processing time to get a lighter or darker shade.
    • Make sure that your skin isn’t irritated from the bleach. If it is, you might decide that bleaching isn't right for you or you may shorten your processing time.
  3. Wash your hair 24 hours before bleaching it so natural oils build up. Your natural oils will protect your scalp from bleach damage. To allow your skin time for your natural oils to develop, shampoo your hair 24 hours before you plan to bleach it. After you shampoo, use a conditioner to moisturize your hair.[3]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 3.jpg
    • It’s okay to wash your hair 48 hours before you bleach it if you prefer.

[Edit]Minimizing Bleach Damage

  1. Get your hair professionally bleached for best results. Professional salons have better bleaching formulas than the ones you find over-the-counter, so a professional bleaching typically causes less damage. Additionally, trained hair stylists know the best way to apply the bleach to minimize damage. Make an appointment with a hair stylist to have your hair professionally bleached to help prevent damage.[4]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 4.jpg
    • Ask you stylist how light they think you can go in 1 appointment. They can advise you on the best way to get the results you want.
  2. Look for bleach with nourishing ingredients if you're doing it yourself. Use bleach that's formulated for use on your hair. Additionally, choose a higher-quality bleach that includes additives that can improve your hair quality and preserve the health of your hair. Read the label on your hair bleach to find 1 that says it helps prevent damage.[5]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 5.jpg
    • For instance, Brazilian Bond Builder and Olaplex can both be mixed into bleach to help minimize damage to your hair.
  3. Use a 10- or 20-volume developer to minimize damage. Low volume developers produce weaker bleach, so they cause less damage to your hair. It will likely take you longer to achieve your desired results with a 10- or 20-volume developer, but it'll help you minimize the damage. Choose a bleaching kit that has a low volume developer or purchase your bleach powder and volume developer separately so you can choose a low volume developer.[6]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 6.jpg
    • You can find a 10- or 20-volume developer at a beauty supply store or online.
  4. Lighten your hair slowly if you have dark hair. Removing the pigment from dark hair requires a longer process, which causes more damage. You might be able to minimize the damage by bleaching your hair multiple times over a period of time until you reach your desired shade. Give your hair at least 10 days to recover in between bleaching sessions. During this time, use your deep conditioner every day to help repair your hair.[7]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 7.jpg
    • For instance, you might bleach your hair 3 times over a 6-week period, giving your hair 2 weeks to recover in between bleachings.
  5. Shorten your processing time to 30 minutes or less if your hair is dyed. You can bleach dyed hair, but it will likely cause more damage to your hair. Additionally, your hair likely won't lighten as much as natural hair would. Leave the bleach on your hair for no more than 30 minutes at a time if you've previously dyed your hair.[8]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 8.jpg
    • It's best to see a professional stylist if you have dyed hair.
    • Your hair may look patchy after you bleach it if your hair was previously dyed. If this happens, see your stylist for advice on how to cover it without further damaging your hair.

[Edit]Mixing Your Bleach at Home

  1. Cover your shoulders with an old towel to protect from the bleach. You might drip bleach while you’re applying it to your hair. To protect your skin and clothing, drape an old towel over your shoulders before you bleach your hair.[9]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 9.jpg
    • Choose a towel that you don’t mind damaging. If bleach gets on the towel, it will cause discoloration.
    • If you have a hairdresser’s cape, use it to protect your skin and clothing. You can find an inexpensive hairdresser’s cape at a beauty supply store or online.
  2. Put on gloves to protect your hands. Bleach can irritate your skin and may cause chemical burns, so protect your hands using gloves. Use plastic gloves that you can throw away once you’re done.[10]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 10.jpg
    • Put on your gloves before you handle the bleach ingredients.
  3. Add 1 part blue or purple bleach powder to a plastic mixing bowl. Follow the directions on your bleach powder or bleaching kit to measure out the powder. Then, put the powder into a plastic mixing bowl.[11]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 11.jpg
    • Blue or purple powder reduces the risk of brassiness after you bleach your hair.
    • You can find bleaching powder and a plastic mixing bowl at your local beauty supply store or online.
    • Always use a plastic bowl when handling bleach because bleach can react with metal.
  4. Add 2 parts liquid developer/peroxide to the bowl. Follow the directions on the packaging to measure out your developer/peroxide. Then, pour the developer/peroxide into the mixing bowl with the bleach powder. You may notice some bubbling as the ingredients combine.[12]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 12.jpg
    • If you’re bleaching blond hair, use a 10-volume developer.
    • Use a 20-volume developer for light brown hair.
    • If you have dark brown hair or black hair, you may need a 30- or 40-volume developer. However, it's best to stick to a 20-volume developer if you want to minimize damage.
  5. Stir the ingredients using a plastic brush applicator. Dip the bristled end of a plastic brush applicator into the bleach ingredients. Use the brush to stir the developer/peroxide into the bleach powder. Continue stirring until the bleach is consistent and free of lumps.[13]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 13.jpg
    • You can find a plastic brush applicator at a local beauty supply store or online. Don't use a metal utensil, as it may react with the bleach.

[Edit]Applying Bleach to Your Own Hair

  1. Bleach your entire head of hair if you want a consistent color. Divide your hair in half vertically, then in half horizontally to create 4 sections. Secure the top sections with plastic clips. Start applying bleach to one of the bottom sections, working from the ends up to the roots. Repeat the process on the other bottom section, then do the same for the top sections. Make sure all of your hair is evenly coated with bleach from root to tip.[14]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 14.jpg
    • If you have very thick hair, you might create 6 sections to make it easier to apply the bleach evenly.
    • If you feel like a section is too big, it’s okay to divide it into smaller sections so that it’s easier to apply the bleach evenly. You don’t want to miss a spot.
    • Do your best not to get the bleach on your scalp. The bleach may burn or irritate your scalp if it gets on your skin.
  2. Use a highlighting cap to do highlights. Place a highlighting cap over your hair, then pull your hair through the holes in it. Pull the hair through all of the holes or just some of them, depending on how many highlights you want. Use your applicator brush to cover all of the exposed hair with bleach. Make sure you coat just the strands, not the cap itself.[15]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 15.jpg
    • If you apply bleach onto the cap, it may seep through the holes and onto the rest of your hair. This might create splotches on your hair.
  3. Bleach different sized pieces of hair for a balayage effect. Clip up the top part of your hair and start with the bottom section. Pick up a thin piece of hair from the bottom section. Bring it over your shoulder and use your fingers or an applicator brush to paint bleach on the section. Move to the other side of your head, pick up another wispy piece, and paint the piece with bleach. Alternate back and forth highlighting pieces of hair.[16]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 16.jpg
    • Cover the bleached hair with foil to keep them separate, then let down the top part of your hair. Apply the bleach to wispy sections of the top portion to complete your highlights, then cover the bleached hair with foil.
    • Balayage creates more natural-looking highlights than a highlighting cap or the foil method. It's okay for your bleached pieces to be different sizes.
  4. Cover your hair in plastic wrap or a shower cap. Covering your head will keep in the heat, which helps the bleach process. Use plastic wrap from your kitchen or a regular shower cap. Put it over your head to seal in the natural heat from your head.[17]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 17.jpg
    • It’s okay to bleach your hair without covering it in plastic. However, your hair will process better if you cover your hair.
  5. Check your hair color every 5-10 minutes to see if you like it. After the bleach has been on your hair for 5-10 minutes, wipe off a small amount of bleach to check the color. If it’s not your desired shade, allow the bleach to sit for another 5-10 minutes. Continue to check your hair until you’re happy with the shade or it’s been 40 minutes.[18]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 18.jpg
    • Keep in mind that the bleach will cause less damage if it’s on your hair for a shorter amount of time.
  6. Let the bleach set for up to 40 minutes. Bleach starts working immediately, but it may take time to reach your desired shade. Allow the bleach to process for up to 40 minutes, then rinse it off.[19]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 19.jpg
    • Don’t allow the bleach to sit on your hair for longer than 40 minutes, even if your hair isn’t as light as you’d like. Doing so will cause damage and breakage to your hair.
    • If you’re unhappy with the color of your hair, you can bleach it again in about 10 days. Alternatively, talk to your stylist about getting your hair professionally bleached.
  7. Wash your hair with shampoo to remove the bleach. Rinse out the bleach using cool water. Then, use your fingers to apply a quarter-size amount of your regular shampoo to your hair. Massage the shampoo into your hair and scalp to help remove the bleach. Then, rinse your hair clean under a stream of warm water.[20]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 20.jpg
    • Make sure you remove all of the bleach from your hair. If necessary, shampoo your hair again to get out all of the bleach.
  8. Use a deep conditioner to help restore lost moisture. After you shampoo your hair, coat your strands with a deep conditioner. Let the conditioner sit on your hair for at least 3 minutes to give it time to work. Then, rinse out the conditioner with cool water.[21]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 21.jpg
    • The cool water will close your hair shaft so your hair looks shiny.
  9. Let your hair air dry to avoid additional damage. Since bleach is a chemical, it can damage your hair. After you bleach it, it’s best to avoid heat styling to prevent further damage. This may help you minimize the damage to your hair. Allow your hair to air dry after you wash out the bleach.[22]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 22.jpg
    • If you like, apply smoothing cream to your hair to help minimize frizz.

[Edit]Caring for Bleached Hair

  1. Use a deep conditioning mask daily for the week after bleaching. Bleaching your hair removes the moisture, so it’s important to use a deep conditioner to repair it. For best results, use a deep conditioning mask every day during the week after you bleach your hair. Coat your entire head of hair with a deep conditioning mask, then let it sit for the amount of time recommended on your product. Rinse the mask out with cool water.[23]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 23.jpg
    • Always rinse out conditioner with cool water because it closes your hair shaft, which gives you shinier hair.
    • For instance, you might leave the mask on for 30 minutes.
  2. Do a weekly bond-repairing treatment to help restore your hair. Bond-repairing treatments are designed to repair your hair and leave it shiny. Look for a product that's labeled for bond-repairing. Apply a large dollop of the product to your hair, then comb the formula through your strands. Let the treatment set on your hair for at least 30 minutes. Then, shampoo your hair to remove the treatment and hopefully reveal softer, shinier hair.[24]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 24.jpg
    • It’s best to leave the treatment on for several hours so it has more time to work. For instance, you might leave it on overnight. Just cover your hair with a sleeping cap.
    • Bond-repairing treatments are available over-the-counter and through a salon. While you'll get better results at a salon, home treatments may help you achieve healthier hair.
  3. Wash your hair with purple shampoo once a week to remove brassiness. It’s normal for blonde hair to get brassy or orange, but purple shampoo can neutralize the discoloration. Pick a purple shampoo that’s formulated for your shade of blonde. Use your purple shampoo once a week in place of your regular shampoo.[25]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 25.jpg
    • Ask your stylist for a recommendation.
    • You can purchase purple shampoo at a salon or online.
  4. Bleach your roots every 4-6 weeks to keep your color consistent. It’s best to bleach your roots before they get too long so that you don’t get a noticeable shade difference. If you wait too long, you might need to bleach your entire head of hair to get a consistent blonde. Touch up your hair every 4 weeks if it grows quickly or every 6 weeks if your hair grows slowly.[26]
    Bleach Hair Without Damaging It Step 26.jpg
    • Try not to let your roots get more than about long.

[Edit]Tips

  • There’s no way to bleach your hair without causing any damage. However, you may be able to minimize the damage.[27]

[Edit]Warnings

  • Bleach can irritate your skin. If your scalp it itching or burning, wash out the bleach immediately to minimize the damage.[28]

[Edit]References

  1. ?/a> https://www.marieclaire.com/beauty/hair/a28599/how-to-go-platinum-blonde/
  2. ?/a> https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hair-dye-reactions/
  3. ?/a> https://www.fashionbeans.com/article/how-to-bleach-your-hair-men/
  4. ?/a> https://www.marieclaire.com/beauty/hair/a28599/how-to-go-platinum-blonde/
  5. ?/a> https://www.marieclaire.com/beauty/hair/a28599/how-to-go-platinum-blonde/
  6. ?/a> https://behindthechair.com/articles/pre-lighten-4-tips-best-blonde-base/
  7. ?/a> https://www.instylemag.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-without-damage
  8. ?/a> https://www.cosmopolitan.com/uk/beauty-hair/hair/a19596609/how-to-lighten-black-hair/
  9. ?/a> https://www.fashionbeans.com/article/how-to-bleach-your-hair-men/
  10. ?/a> https://www.instylemag.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-without-damage
  11. ?/a> https://www.beautycrew.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-at-home
  12. ?/a> https://www.instylemag.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-without-damage
  13. ?/a> https://www.beautycrew.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-at-home
  14. ?/a> https://www.beautycrew.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-at-home
  15. ?/a> https://behindthechair.com/articles/balayage-the-15-commandments/
  16. ?/a> https://behindthechair.com/articles/balayage-the-15-commandments/
  17. ?/a> https://www.beautycrew.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-at-home
  18. ?/a> https://www.instylemag.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-without-damage
  19. ?/a> https://www.instylemag.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-without-damage
  20. ?/a> https://www.beautycrew.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-at-home
  21. ?/a> https://www.beautycrew.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-at-home
  22. ?/a> https://www.beautycrew.com.au/how-to-bleach-hair-at-home
  23. ?/a> https://www.marieclaire.com/beauty/hair/a28599/how-to-go-platinum-blonde/
  24. ?/a> https://www.marieclaire.com/beauty/hair/a28599/how-to-go-platinum-blonde/
  25. ?/a> https://www.instyle.com/news/calling-all-bottle-blondes-one-product-you-need-keep-your-hue-vibrant
  26. ?/a> https://www.marieclaire.com/beauty/hair/a28599/how-to-go-platinum-blonde/
  27. ?/a> https://www.marieclaire.com/beauty/hair/a28599/how-to-go-platinum-blonde/
  28. ?/a> https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3664529/
]]>
Sun, 05 Jan 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Exercise http://www.nespure.com/Exercise http://www.nespure.com/Exercise Exercise is a key part of staying healthy, but figuring out how to get more active can be tough. If you’re not used to physical activity, start slow. Go for 10 to 15 minute walks, and work your way up to briskly walking or jogging for 30 minutes daily. Try adding strengthening exercises 2 or 3 days per week, and consider boosting your flexibility with yoga or Pilates classes. Whenever you work out, always listen to your body’s limits, and ask your doctor for advice if you have a history of any medical issues.

Exercise is a key part of staying healthy, but figuring out how to get more active can be tough. If you’re not used to physical activity, start slow. Go for 10 to 15 minute walks, and work your way up to briskly walking or jogging for 30 minutes daily. Try adding strengthening exercises 2 or 3 days per week, and consider boosting your flexibility with yoga or Pilates classes. Whenever you work out, always listen to your body’s limits, and ask your doctor for advice if you have a history of any medical issues.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Creating an Exercise Routine

  1. Tailor your routine to your experience level. Start slowly if you aren’t used to physical activity and want to develop an exercise routine. As you gain experience, try increasing your workouts?intensity levels gradually.[1]
    Exercise Step 55.jpg
    • For example, start off by walking for 10 to 15 minutes at a time. After 1 to 2 weeks, work your way up to 30 minutes. Try to pick up your pace, too. You might start by walking in 15 minutes, then work your way up to in 30 minutes.
    • When you do strengthening exercises, start with 2 sets of 8 repetitions (such as 8 push-ups). Then add 1 to 2 additional reps per week until you can do a set of 12 to 14.
  2. Warm up for 5 to 10 minutes before working out. When you warm up, target the muscles you plan on exercising, but use less intense movements. For instance, walk for 5 to 10 minutes before jogging or doing a lower body workout.[2]
    Exercise Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • If you’re swimming, go slowly at first, then pick up your pace. Before an upper body workout, walk or jog and do light jumping jacks to raise your heart rate and increase blood flow.
  3. Try to get 30 minutes of aerobic exercise per day. As a rule of thumb, you should get at least 30 minutes of moderately intense aerobic exercise daily. Examples include going for brisk walks and jogs, running, cycling, and swimming.[3]
    Exercise Step 36.jpg
    • When you’re exercising at moderate intensity, your heart rate should increase and you should breathe harder. You should still be able to speak, but you should be winded enough that you can’t sing.
    • Keep in mind you can break your workout times into chunks and spread them throughout the day. Being active for 5 or 10 minutes at a time is a good way to ease your way into exercise if you’re not used to it.
  4. Include strength training at least 2 days per week. Also known as resistance training, strength training involves using free weights, resistance bands, or your own body weight to strengthen your muscles. If you’re just starting out, try doing upper and lower body workouts 1 day a week each. In time, gradually work your way up to including 3 to 4 strength training days in your weekly routine.[4]
    Build Forearm Muscles Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • A sample intermediate upper body workout could be 2 sets of 30-second planks and 2 sets of 12 reps each for crunches, push-ups, dumbbell biceps curls, and dumbbell shoulder presses.
    • To strengthen your legs, do 2 sets of 12 reps each for squats, glute bridges, calf raises, and lunges.
    • Generally, rest for 30 to 60 seconds between sets. If building muscle power is your goal and you're doing high-intensity weight lifting, resting for 3 minutes can result in greater increases in strength.[5]
    • You can do strength training at home or use resistance machines at a local gym.
  5. Mix up your routine to keep things interesting. Varying your activities can help keep you from getting bored, which can motivate you to stay on track. Additionally, switching up your workouts will engage your entire body and help prevent injury.[6]
    Exercise Step 53.jpg
    • For instance, you could jog on Monday, do upper body strength training Tuesday, swim laps on Wednesday, do a lower body workout Thursday, take a yoga class on Friday, ride your bike Saturday, and go for a light walk on Sunday.
    • On strength training days, get your daily aerobic exercise by warming up and cooling down with brisk walks, doing jumping jacks, or jumping rope. Climbing stairs and going for a walk during your lunch break can help you squeeze in 5 or 10 more minutes of aerobic exercise throughout the day.
    • Avoid targeting the same muscle group 2 days in a row. Don’t, for instance, do biceps curls and shoulder presses on back-to-back days. Muscles need time to recover, and overworking them can lead to injury.
  6. Walk for 5 to 10 minutes and stretch to cool down after workouts. Cool downs, like warm-up exercises, are a gentler forms of exercise meant to ease your body from working hard to being at rest. Cool down by walking for 5 to 10 minutes and stretching the muscles your workout targeted.[7]
    Exercise Step 59.jpg
    • Stretch individual muscles for a total of 30 to 60 seconds. For example, you might do 3 to 4 quad stretches per leg and hold each stretch for 10 seconds.[8]
    • Avoid stretching before you exercise, which poses an injury risk. Stretching after exercise, when your muscles are warm, can help them recover and improve your flexibility.

[Edit]Getting Aerobic Exercise

  1. Go for a brisk walk or jog every day. Walking and jogging are great ways to stay active, especially if you’re just beginning to exercise. You could go for a 15-minute brisk walk during your lunch break, then walk or jog around your neighborhood for 15 minutes after dinner.[9]
    Exercise Step 11.jpg
    • If you’re elderly or have a history of joint issues, jogging may be tough on your knees, hips, and ankles. Respect your body’s limits and, if necessary, stick to walking.
  2. Jump rope for 5 to 15 minutes. More than just a fun game for kids, jumping rope is an excellent cardio workout. Grab a rope, and try jumping for 5 minutes straight. If you’re not used to exercising, it’s okay if you can only jump for a minute or so.[10]
    Exercise Step 9 Version 2.jpg
    • If you need to stop, take a break and catch your breath. Try jumping rope for gradually longer periods of time. You could aim to add 30 seconds or a minute to your time each week until you can jump for at least 5 minutes straight.
  3. Do jumping jacks for 5 to 15 minutes. Start by standing with your legs together and arms at your side. Then jump straight up as you move your legs outward and raise your arms together above your head. Return to the starting position, then repeat.[11]
    Exercise Step 10.jpg
    • As with jumping rope, take a break if you feel too winded, and try to gradually increase the length of time you can do jumping jacks.
  4. Go for bike rides. When you’re just starting off, go for easy bike rides around your neighborhood, on a local bike trail, or at a park. At first, try cycling for around in 30 minutes, then gradually increase your speed and distance.[12]
    Exercise Step 13.jpg
    • As you get used to being active, try to work your way up to in 30 minutes. Eventually, aim to cover in 15 minutes.
  5. Swim laps at your local pool or fitness center. Swimming is a great full body workout, and it can help add variety to your routine. Try swimming laps for 20 minutes, or for as long as you can without getting too winded. It’s okay if you need to take a break, especially when you’re just getting used to exercising.[13]
    Exercise Step 12.jpg
    • In addition to swimming laps, you could do water aerobics or just walk around in a pool. These are good options for people with joint problems or those who are significantly overweight.
  6. Try running once you’re used to being active. Go for runs around your neighborhood, or look for a local indoor or outdoor track. Try to run for 15 to 30 minutes straight, but don’t push yourself too hard if you’re just starting to get more active.[14]
    Exercise Step 15.jpg
    • Each week, try to add another minute to your running time. Eventually, see if you can run straight, track your time, and try to cut down your time each time you run.
    • Running might be tough on your legs if you’re elderly or have a history of bone or joint issues. Remember to respect your body’s limits.
  7. Challenge yourself with interval training. Interval training involves alternating high-intensity and low-intensity exercises, and it’s a great way to burn calories. Since it involves high-intensity activities, such as running or sprinting, it's best to include interval training in your routine if you're already used to regular exercise. For a good, basic interval session, try doing a sprint-walk routine.[15]
    Exercise Step 52.jpg
    • Warm up by walking briskly for 5 to 10 minutes, then jog for 5 to 10 minutes. After jogging, sprint for 30 to 60 seconds, then jog for 5 minutes. Alternate running for 30 to 60 seconds with 5 minutes of jogging at least 2 to 3 times, then cool down by walking for 5 to 10 minutes.

[Edit]Learning Strengthening Exercises

  1. Do push-ups to strengthen your arms and chest. Lie face down with your palms flat on the floor by your shoulders. Then, keeping your head, neck, back, and legs aligned, exhale and lift your body by extending your arms. Your hands and toes should support your body weight.[16]
    Exercise Step 17.jpg
    • Straighten your arms, but don’t lock your elbows. Hold yourself up for a second, then inhale as you slowly lower yourself back down so that your nose nearly touches the ground. Repeat the steps to complete 2 sets of 12 reps.
    • To mix up your routine, set your palms at a wider distance as you perform push-ups. You could also hold yours arms close to your body as you do push-ups to shift the work from your chest to your triceps.
  2. Try to hold a plank for 30 to 45 seconds. Start by lying face-down on the floor, as if you were about to do a push-up. Raise your body and support your weight on your forearms and toes. Try to hold the pose for at least 30 seconds, lower yourself to the floor, rest for 30 to 60 seconds, then repeat.[17]
    Exercise Step 21.jpg
    • Keep your head, neck, and back in a straight line as you hold the pose. Avoid looking up; keep your head in a neutral position so you face the floor.
    • If 30 seconds isn’t challenging, try holding the plank for 1 minute or more.
    • Remember to keep breathing normally as you hold the plank.
  3. Work your abdominal muscles with crunches. Start by lying on your back with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Place your hands across your chest or behind your head, engage your ab muscles, and exhale as you slowly raise your upper torso off of the floor.[18]
    Exercise Step 22.jpg
    • Lift your torso until your shoulder blades are off of the floor, hold for 1 to 2 seconds, then inhale as you slowly lower yourself back to the ground. Repeat the steps to complete 2 sets of 12 reps.
    • Use slow, controlled motions to avoid injury and make your muscles work harder.
    • If you place your hands behind your head, do not use them to pull up your head and neck. To avoid injury, just rest your fingertips on the back of your head, or cross your hands over your chest.
  4. Target your glutes and core muscles with bridges. Lie on your back with your knees bent, feet flat on the floor, and your arms by your sides. Inhale, then exhale as you engage your core muscles and slowly raise your hips and lower back off of the floor. Lift yourself until your shoulders and knees form a straight line, and keep your arms flat on the floor to keep your balance.[19]
    Exercise Step 24.jpg
    • Hold the lifted position for 1 to 2 seconds, then inhale as you slowly lower yourself back into starting position. Repeat the steps, and complete 2 sets of 12 bridges.
    • To increase difficulty, try holding yourself in the raised position, then raise and extend 1 leg straight. Lower the leg back to the floor, repeat on the other side, then lower yourself to the floor.
  5. Strengthen your legs by doing squats. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, toes pointing slightly outward, back straight, and your arms by your sides or crossed over your chest. Keeping your torso aligned and core muscles engaged, slowly bend your knees and lower your hips as if you were going to sit in a chair.[20]
    Exercise Step 18.jpg
    • Stick your rear end out as you lower your hips so your weight is back on your heels. Keep your knees and toes aligned, and avoid bending your knees past your toes.
    • Continue lowering yourself until your thighs are roughly parallel with the floor, then push your feet into the floor through your heels to raise yourself back to the starting position.
    • Inhale as you lower yourself, and exhale as you exert your legs and lift yourself. Repeat the steps to complete 2 sets of 12 squats.
  6. Try doing burpees for a full body workout. Start by standing with your feet shoulder-width apart, then jump and drop to a crouched position. Place your palms flat on the floor and thrust your legs back to enter the push-up position, and do one push-up.[21]
    Exercise Step 19.jpg
    • After the push-up, pull your legs back to the crouched position, and then jump straight up with your hands raised to return to the standing position. Repeat to complete 2 sets of 12 burpees.
  7. Invest in free weights or a gym membership. While you can do plenty of strengthening exercises without weights, dumbbells, barbells, and resistance machines can add intensity to your workouts. To avoid injury, start with lighter weights, and avoid trying to push your body beyond its limits.[22]
    Exercise Step 16.jpg
    • Choose weights that challenge you, but still allow you to maintain proper form. Watch yourself in the mirror, and make sure your reps are smooth, steady, and controlled. If you look out of balance or struggle to make it through a set, choose lighter weights.[23]
    • Try doing 2 sets of 12 biceps curls. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, and hold a dumbbell weight in each hand by your sides. Bend your elbows, keeping them close to your side, to lift the dumbbells to your shoulders. Inhale as you lower back to the starting position, and exhale when you exert your biceps.
    • Do shoulder presses by raising the dumbbells by your shoulders with your elbows bent. Exhale as you extend your arms straight above your head, bring the dumbbells back to your shoulders, and repeat to complete 2 sets of 12.
    • Consult a trainer or experienced friend to ensure you use proper form. If you use resistance machines at the gym, have a trainer instruct you on proper use.

[Edit]Boosting Your Balance and Flexibility

  1. Stretch after you’ve warmed up your muscles. You should only stretch muscles that have been active and received increased blood flow. Stretching cold, inactive muscles poses an injury risk. Whenever you stretch, hold the pose steadily instead of bouncing in and out of it. Inhale as you move into a stretch, and exhale as you hold the pose.[24]
    Exercise Step 31.jpg
    • To stretch your hamstrings, sit on the floor with your legs straight in front of you. Reach toward your toes as far as you can until you feel a stretch in the backs of your legs, then hold the stretch for 15 to 20 seconds.
    • To stretch your quads, stand and use a chair or wall for support. Bring your right foot toward your rear end, grab your toes with your right hand, and gently pull until you feel a stretch in the front of your thigh. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds, then repeat on your left leg.
    • For a simple shoulder stretch, gently pull your right elbow across the front of your body towards the opposite shoulder until you feel a stretch in your right shoulder and back. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds, then repeat on your other arm.
    • Stretch your calves by standing next to a wall, then place your palms flat against it at shoulder height. Keeping your arms straight and feet on the floor, extend your right leg back, and bend your left knee slightly. Press into the wall until you feel a stretch in your right calf, hold the pose for 15 to 20 seconds, then repeat on the other side.
  2. Start doing yoga. In addition to improving balance and flexibility, yoga can boost concentration and help you keep stress levels in check. You could take classes at a local gym, community center, or yoga studio, or practice at home using online or DVD guides.[25]
    Exercise Step 29.jpg
    • From yoga to tai chi, taking a group class is a great way to stick with an exercise routine. Adding a social component can make staying active more fun, and you might feel a greater need to hold yourself accountable.
  3. Try taking up Pilates. Pilates is a series of movements inspired by yoga and dance that combines aerobic, balance, and flexibility training. Like yoga, you could find a local Pilates group to practice with or take a class at a local gym or studio.[26]
    Exercise Step 28.jpg
    • While group classes might liven up your routine, you can also look for Pilates DVDs or online video guides.
  4. Stay active by dancing. From ballet to flamenco, dancing can be a rigorous form of exercise. It can improve your flexibility, offer aerobic or endurance training, and boost your coordination. Find a local group to practice with or take a class from a local gym or community center.[27]
    Exercise Step 30.jpg
    • Learning how to line dance or attending a dance-exercise class might be fun, but you could also put on your favorite tunes and dance around your house.
  5. Add tai chi to your exercise routine. Tai chi is a Chinese martial art that involves sequences of slow movements. It can help improve your balance, flexibility, and concentration, and it’s a good way to manage stress. Since it’s a low impact form of exercise, it’s a good option if you’re elderly, have a history of medical issues, or have recently suffered an injury.[28]
    Exercise Step 25.jpg
    • Look for tai chi classes at a local gym or studio, or find online video guides.

[Edit]Fitting Exercise into a Busy Schedule

  1. Find small chunks of time to get active throughout the day. You don’t have to dedicate hours of your day to exercising. Find ways to fit exercise into small blocks of time when you’d otherwise be sedentary.[29]
    Exercise Step 54.jpg
    • For instance, do squats while you wait for water to boil or for your coffee to be ready.
    • Squeeze in a minute for planks when you first wake up in the morning.
    • Take 5-minute breaks every hour at work to walk around the office and stretch.
  2. Spend less time sitting. Spending most of your day sitting in a desk chair is tough on your body. Try using a standing desk, or even a standing desk in combination with a treadmill. If that’s not for you, just do your best to take regular breaks to get up and walk around.[30]
    Exercise Step 33.jpg
    • You could also try sitting on an exercise ball instead of a desk chair. Since you’ll need to engage your core muscles to keep yourself steady on the ball, it’s a bit like a workout even though you’re seated.
  3. Take the stairs instead of using elevators. When getting to your apartment or office, skip the elevator and take the stairs instead. If you can’t make it up a 5-flight walk-up, just do 1 or 2 sets of stairs, and try adding a floor each week.[31]
    Exercise Step 34.jpg
    • Climbing stairs can burn up to twice as many calories as walking for the same amount of time.
  4. Walk and ride your bike instead of driving. Instead of driving to nearby locations, head out on foot or ride your bike whenever possible. For instance, turn grocery shopping into a workout by walking to the store a few times a week.[32]
    Exercise Step 35.jpg
    • If work is too far away to cycle, you could take a bus and get off a few stops early to walk the rest of the way.
    • Some buses have bike racks or allow folding bikes on board, so you could also split your commute between cycling and riding the bus.
    • When you do drive, try parking a few blocks away from your destination, or at the far end of a shopping center’s parking lot.

[Edit]Exercising Safely

  1. Check with your doctor before starting an exercise routine. It’s especially important to consult a doctor if you have a history of heart, bone, muscle, joint, or other medical conditions. Ask your doctor for advice on how to safely start exercising and to recommend exercises that benefit your specific condition.[33]
    Exercise Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • If you experience pain, dizziness, inability to catch your breath, or any other concerning symptoms during exercise, you should talk to a doctor.
  2. Drink lots of water before, during, and after exercising. Try to drink about of water before you exercise, and every 15 to 20 minutes during your workout. Your body will need extra water to help your muscles work and to replace the fluids lost as you sweat.[34]
    Exercise Step 60.jpg
    • Sports drinks can also help you replace salts and minerals lost in sweat. However, if you’re trying to lose weight, limit your consumption of sports drinks, as they contain lots of sugar and can add extra calories to your diet.
    • It’s also wise to eat a healthy source of protein or complex carbs after exercising. Examples include fruit, nuts, a peanut butter sandwich, lean meat, cheese, whole grain crackers, or a protein bar.
  3. Choose clothes that suit your activity. In general, wear clothes that won’t restrict your movement or blood flow. For some forms of exercise, like biking, you might want to wear form-fitting clothes, but they still shouldn’t be too tight. Looser workout clothes are better for strength training, brisk walking, and sports such as basketball or soccer.[35]
    Exercise Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • Make sure your clothes suit the weather. Wear short sleeves and light, breathable fabrics in hot temperatures, and wear layers if it’s cold.
  4. Stop exercising if you experience pain. “No pain, no gain?is not the advice to follow. If you feel any soreness or sharp pain, stop the activity. Do your best to rest the affected area until the pain starts to subside.[36]
    Exercise Step 61.jpg
    • If you believe you’ve injured yourself, you might be able to treat it at home. Rest, apply ice for 20 minutes every 3 to 4 hours, compress the injured area with athletic tape, and try to keep it raised around heart level. To manage pain, take over-the-counter medication, such as ibuprofen.[37]
    • Seek medical attention if you hear a pop, experience severe pain, have uncontrolled bleeding, can’t move or bear weight on a joint, or if mild to moderate symptoms don’t improve within 1 to 2 weeks.
  5. Wear athletic shoes that offer support and cushioning. When you’re out shoe shopping, look for athletic shoes with sturdy rubber soles. Good shoes shouldn’t bend in half, so hold a shoe by the toe and heel, and gently try to see if the soles resist pressure.[38]
    Exercise Step 2 Version 2.jpg
    • Shoes should fit comfortably; they shouldn’t feel tight, and your toes should reach the shoes?tips without being constricted. Always try on both shoes of a pair when checking their fit.
    • Go with shoes that match the activity you’re doing, such as running shoes or basketball shoes. Different activities put stress on your feet in different ways. For instance, running shoes provide the flexibility required for a proper running step, but lack the ankle support needed for tennis or basketball.[39]

[Edit]Sample Exercises and Routines

[Edit]Tips

  • Listening to music while you work out can be a great way to stay entertained and motivated.
  • Consistency is the most important part of an exercise routine. It’ll take more than a few days to see results. Make exercise a normal habit, and focus on maintaining your healthy routine.
  • It’s impossible to use targeted exercises to lose fat in a particular part of your body. For instance, doing ab and quad exercises doesn’t target fat around your belly or thighs. You’ll need to burn more calories than you consume in order to reduce overall body fat percentage.
  • Exercise is meant to make you healthier, not make you look like someone out of a magazine. Concentrate on developing healthy habits, and pat yourself on the back for putting forth the effort.
  • If you’re a preteen or teen, your body is still developing, and some exercises could be bad for your bones and joints. If you’re interested in strength training exercises, ask your doctor for tips on staying safe.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Avoid exercising the same muscle group 2 days in a row and working out when you’re experiencing muscle or joint pain.
  • Ask your doctor for advice about exercising if you’re not used to physical activity or have a history of any medical conditions. Consult a doctor or physical therapist if you’ve recently suffered an injury before resuming exercise.

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

244985 0.jpg
  1. ?/a> https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/pa-health/index.htm
  2. ?/a> https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/fitness/in-depth/exercise/art-20045517
  3. ?/a> https://medlineplus.gov/howmuchexercisedoineed.html
  4. ?/a> https://medlineplus.gov/howmuchexercisedoineed.html
  5. ?/a> https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19691365
  6. ?/a> https://medlineplus.gov/exerciseandphysicalfitness.html
  7. ?/a> https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/fitness/in-depth/exercise/art-20045517
  8. ?/a> https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/the-importance-of-stretching
  9. ?/a> https://health.gov/paguidelines/pdf/adultguide.pdf
  10. ?/a> https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/phy_act.htm
  11. ?/a> https://medlineplus.gov/howmuchexercisedoineed.html
  12. ?/a> https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/phy_act.htm
  13. ?/a> https://health.gov/paguidelines/pdf/adultguide.pdf
  14. ?/a> https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/phy_act.htm
  15. ?/a> https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/fitness/in-depth/interval-training/art-20044588?p=1
  16. ?/a> https://www.acefitness.org/education-and-resources/lifestyle/exercise-library/41/push-up
  17. ?/a> https://www.acefitness.org/education-and-resources/lifestyle/exercise-library/32/front-plank
  18. ?/a> https://www.acefitness.org/education-and-resources/lifestyle/exercise-library/52/crunch
  19. ?/a> https://www.acefitness.org/education-and-resources/lifestyle/exercise-library/49/glute-bridge
  20. ?/a> https://www.acefitness.org/education-and-resources/lifestyle/exercise-library/135/bodyweight-squat
  21. ?/a> https://www.acefitness.org/education-and-resources/lifestyle/exercise-library/306/burpee
  22. ?/a> https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/resistance-training-health-benefits
  23. ?/a> https://www.self.com/story/heres-how-to-choose-the-right-weights-when-strength-training
  24. ?/a> https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/fitness/in-depth/exercise/art-20045517
  25. ?/a> https://medlineplus.gov/exerciseandphysicalfitness.html
  26. ?/a> https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/pilates-and-yoga-health-benefits
  27. ?/a> https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000809.htm
  28. ?/a> https://nccih.nih.gov/health/taichi/introduction.htm
  29. ?/a> https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/adding-pa/barriers.html
  30. ?/a> https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/2013/11/04/making-exercise-a-daily-habit-10-tips/
  31. ?/a> https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/adding-pa/barriers.html
  32. ?/a> https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/adding-pa/barriers.html
  33. ?/a> https://medlineplus.gov/exerciseandphysicalfitness.html
  34. ?/a> https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/exercise-safety
  35. ?/a> https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000817.htm
  36. ?/a> https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000859.htm
  37. ?/a> https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/sprains-and-strains#tab-treatment
  38. ?/a> https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000817.htm
  39. ?/a> https://www.nhs.uk/live-well/healthy-body/choosing-sports-shoes-and-trainers/
]]>
Sun, 05 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Clean Soot from Brick http://www.nespure.com/Clean-Soot-from-Brick http://www.nespure.com/Clean-Soot-from-Brick A fireplace can be a cozy addition to any home, but one of the inevitable byproducts is soot on the surrounding bricks. Soot can leave lasting stains on the material it comes in contact with, so it’s important to clean this buildup at least once a year. To clean soot from your brick, stick with using baking soda or white vinegar for a natural solution, or use a chemical cleaner like TSP to make your bricks clean again.

A fireplace can be a cozy addition to any home, but one of the inevitable byproducts is soot on the surrounding bricks. Soot can leave lasting stains on the material it comes in contact with, so it’s important to clean this buildup at least once a year. To clean soot from your brick, stick with using baking soda or white vinegar for a natural solution, or use a chemical cleaner like TSP to make your bricks clean again.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Getting Your Fireplace Ready to Clean

  1. Let your fireplace cool for at least 12 hours before you start. Hot bricks should not be cleaned. After your fire, let everything cool down overnight or for at least 12 hours before you start any cleaning methods. This will protect your hands and make sure no chemicals get warmed up as you use them.[1]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • If you use your fireplace for heat, consider cleaning it during the summer months when you won’t need to use it as much.
  2. Remove the ashes and loose soot. Use a brush and dustpan to clean your fireplace out before you start scrubbing it. Throw away any ashes or large pieces of charred wood that may be in the fireplace. This will make your cleaning process much easier.[2]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 2 Version 3.jpg
    • You can set aside wood that has not been burned to use later.
  3. Lay a drop cloth or towels down to protect your floors. As you clean, you may drip water or chemicals on the floor around your fireplace. Lay down a protective covering on your floors surrounding your fireplace to make sure you don’t damage your carpet or hardwood.[3]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 3 Version 3.jpg
  4. Put on rubber gloves to protect your hands. As you scrub your fireplace, you may end up getting chemicals on your hands. Put on rubber kitchen gloves to protect your skin and avoid irritation. If you are using TSP cleaner, put on safety goggles as well.[4]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 4 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]Using Baking Soda

  1. Make a paste of a 1:1 ratio of water and baking soda. Combine 4 tbsp (56 g) of baking soda with of warm water. Stir the ingredients together until they form a thick paste. If your mixture is too runny, add more baking soda.[5]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 5 Version 2.jpg
  2. Rub the mixture into the bricks with your hands. Scoop large amounts of your baking soda paste and spread it onto your fireplace. Work from the top down to create a thin layer all over the brick face. Spread extra paste on the inside of the fireplace, since that is where the soot will be the thickest. Pay special attention to the crevices and grooves in between bricks. Focus on any areas of the fireplace are particularly dirty.[6]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 6 Version 3.jpg
    • Put on rubber kitchen gloves to protect your hands, or use a clean rag to spread the paste instead.
  3. Let the paste sit for 10 minutes. The baking soda will work to break down grease and grime on your bricks. Allow the paste to sit for about 10 minutes to loosen up the soot. Do not let the paste dry or harden all the way, or it could damage your bricks.[7]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 7 Version 3.jpg
    • If your paste does get too dry, spray it with water to loosen it up again.
  4. Scrub the mixture away with an abrasive scrub brush. Use a scrub brush with hard bristles to scrub away the mixture. Dip your brush in water occasionally to wash away the baking soda residue. The mildly abrasive baking soda will work with your brush to scrub away tough soot.[8]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 8 Version 3.jpg
    • Do not brush so hard that you damage the bricks themselves.
  5. Wipe down your bricks with warm water and remove the drop cloths. Use a soft sponge dipped in warm water to completely remove any baking soda left on your bricks. Let the fireplace dry completely before you use it again. Remove any drop cloths or towels you put down to catch spills.[9]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 9 Version 3.jpg

[Edit]Cleaning with Vinegar

  1. Combine a 1:1 ratio of white vinegar and water in a spray bottle. Combine of white vinegar with of warm water in a spray bottle. Shake the bottle to make sure they are mixed well. Use a clean spray bottle that has not ever had any harsh chemicals in it.[10]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 10 Version 2.jpg
    • You can buy empty spray bottles at most home goods and hardware stores.
  2. Spray the inside and outside of the fireplace with the vinegar solution. Working from the top down, spray your vinegar solution all over the bricks. Pay special attention to areas that have a lot of soot, which could be right around the opening of the fireplace. Make sure you have a drop cloth down to catch any drips.[11]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 11 Version 3.jpg
    • If you have leftover vinegar solution, you can use it as a natural cleaner for bathrooms and countertops.
  3. Let the mixture sit for 10 minutes. Vinegar is mildly acidic, so it will work to break down the soot and grime stuck onto your bricks. Let the vinegar and water sit on your bricks, but do not let it dry. Don’t let it sit for longer than 10 minutes, or the acidity could start to damage your bricks.[12]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 12 Version 3.jpg
  4. Scrub the bricks from the top down with a scrub brush. Dip your scrub brush in warm water and scrub your bricks. Pay special attention to the grooves in between bricks and any areas that have a lot of soot. Scrub at the bricks until the vinegar smell is no longer there.[13]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 13 Version 3.jpg
    • You can sprinkle baking soda over your bricks to remove the vinegar faster. However, this will cause a foaming reaction on your bricks and could create a mess.
  5. Clean your bricks with warm water and remove the drop cloths. Use a soft sponge to quickly spread warm water over all your bricks. Take away any drop cloths or towels you used on the floor around your fireplace. Let your fireplace dry completely before you burn anything in it again.[14]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 14 Version 3.jpg

[Edit]Removing Soot with TSP

  1. Put on gloves to protect your hands. TSP, or trisodium phosphate, can damage your skin if you get it on you directly. Put on rubber kitchen gloves to protect your hands. Avoid touching TSP with your bare hands as much as you can.[15]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 15 Version 2.jpg
    • You can find rubber gloves at most home goods stores.
  2. Mix trisodium phosphate and warm water in a bucket. Combine 8 tbsp (112 g) of TSP and of warm water. Use a plastic bucket that will not come into contact with food later. Stir the mixture until it forms a thin, watery paste.[16]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 16 Version 2.jpg
    • You can buy TSP at most hardware stores.
  3. Use a hard-bristled brush to scrub the mixture into the bricks. Scrub the paste into your bricks on the outside and inside of your fireplace using your brush. Work from the top down, and apply extra paste to areas with more soot. Scrub at the areas to remove the soot. Be careful not to damage the bricks themselves as you scrub, especially if your fireplace is old.[17]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 17 Version 3.jpg
  4. Rinse the bricks with warm water using a sponge. Use a soft sponge to apply warm water all over your bricks. Gently sponge away any TSP residue that is left on your bricks. Rinse your bucket and brushes thoroughly once you are done using them.[18]
    Clean Soot from Brick Step 18 Version 3.jpg
    • If there is still soot left on your bricks, apply more TSP paste and scrub them again.
    • When you're done, remove the dropcloths.

[Edit]Tips

  • Only burn dry, clean wood to keep your fireplace clean for longer.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Never use abrasive chemicals when you clean soot from brick. Many will leave a flammable film which could be dangerous the next time you use your fireplace.
  • Only clean the fireplace when you are certain all ashes are entirely cold. Heat can remain trapped in the ashes for several days after a fire and you could inadvertently burn yourself.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Using Baking Soda

  • Baking soda
  • Drop cloth or towels
  • Gloves or rag
  • Abrasive brush

[Edit]Cleaning with Vinegar

  • White vinegar
  • Spray bottle
  • Abrasive brush

[Edit]Removing Soot with TSP

  • Trisodium phosphate
  • Bucket
  • Gloves
  • Safety goggles (optional)
  • Abrasive brush
  • Sponge

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

  1. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf
  2. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf?sfvrsn=6
  3. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf?sfvrsn=6
  4. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf?sfvrsn=6
  5. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf
  6. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf?sfvrsn=6
  7. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf
  8. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf?sfvrsn=6
  9. ?/a> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zo2NFWUtFuQ&feature=youtu.be&t=415
  10. ?/a> https://www.apartmenttherapy.com/how-to-clean-a-brick-fireplace-with-all-natural-cleaners-apartment-therapy-tutorials-216668#:~:targetText=Mix%20equal%20parts%20vinegar%20and,minutes%20and%20spray%20once%20more.
  11. ?/a> https://www.apartmenttherapy.com/how-to-clean-a-brick-fireplace-with-all-natural-cleaners-apartment-therapy-tutorials-216668#:~:targetText=Mix%20equal%20parts%20vinegar%20and,minutes%20and%20spray%20once%20more.
  12. ?/a> https://www.apartmenttherapy.com/how-to-clean-a-brick-fireplace-with-all-natural-cleaners-apartment-therapy-tutorials-216668#:~:targetText=Mix%20equal%20parts%20vinegar%20and,minutes%20and%20spray%20once%20more.
  13. ?/a> https://www.apartmenttherapy.com/how-to-clean-a-brick-fireplace-with-all-natural-cleaners-apartment-therapy-tutorials-216668#:~:targetText=Mix%20equal%20parts%20vinegar%20and,minutes%20and%20spray%20once%20more.
  14. ?/a> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zo2NFWUtFuQ&feature=youtu.be&t=415
  15. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf
  16. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf
  17. ?/a> https://todayshomeowner.com/video/how-to-clean-soot-and-smoke-on-a-fireplace-surround/
  18. ?/a> http://www.gobrick.com/docs/default-source/read-research-documents/technicalnotes/20-cleaning-brickwork.pdf
]]>
Sat, 04 Jan 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Spot Car Scams on Craigslist http://www.nespure.com/Spot-Car-Scams-on-Craigslist http://www.nespure.com/Spot-Car-Scams-on-Craigslist Craigslist scams are unfortunately pretty common, so it’s important to be extra vigilant if you want to buy a car from a seller on Craigslist. You can protect yourself from scams by evaluating the ad carefully before you look any further. If the ad seems legit, evaluate the seller next. If they seem trustworthy, assess the car to see if you want to buy it. Never put down any amount of money on a car before you have seen it as this is a common way that people get scammed on Craigslist.

Craigslist scams are unfortunately pretty common, so it’s important to be extra vigilant if you want to buy a car from a seller on Craigslist. You can protect yourself from scams by evaluating the ad carefully before you look any further. If the ad seems legit, evaluate the seller next. If they seem trustworthy, assess the car to see if you want to buy it. Never put down any amount of money on a car before you have seen it as this is a common way that people get scammed on Craigslist.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Identifying Fraudulent Ads

  1. Watch out for ads with a very low or unusual price. If the price is significantly lower than you’d expect it to be, this is a red flag. Check the Kelly Blue Book price to get a ballpark range for what the price ought to be. If it’s considerably lower, such as 25% less or more, then the ad is likely a scam. A very specific price can also be a red flag, such as $2,347 or something along these lines.[1]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 1 Version 4.jpg
    • If the seller suggests shipping the car to you for an additional charge or including shipping in the sale price, this is likely a scam.[2]
  2. Check the listing for severe grammar issues. If the car’s description is poorly written and difficult to understand, it might have been written by a scammer. Pass on any cars with descriptions that are chock full of grammatical, spelling, or other errors.[3]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 2 Version 4.jpg
    • For example, steer clear of an ad that reads something like, “new sidan for weel driv plus exxtras.?/li>
  3. Perform a reverse image search of the car photo. Copy the image’s url and paste it into Google’s image search, or download and save the image and then drag and drop it into the search bar after clicking on the camera button next to the search bar. Then, review the results to determine if the same photo is posted elsewhere. If you find multiple listings that use the same image, the ad is likely a scam.[4]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 3 Version 3.jpg
    • By doing a reverse image search, you may even find that the image is a stock photo and not an image of a real car for sale.
  4. Copy and paste the car description into Google to spot duplicates. Place the description in quotation marks to find duplicate listings. Some scammers will post multiple ads using the exact same language, so this is an easy way to weed out fake ads.[5]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 4 Version 4.jpg
    • Be wary if the language is very similar to other ads as well. Look at other aspects of the ad to check for red flags.
  5. Compare the price of the car in the ad with the website listing. If the seller also has a website or Facebook page, make sure that the prices listed for the car are the same on both sites. If the price listed on one of the outlets is lower, negotiate from this price instead of from the higher price.[6]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 5 Version 4.jpg
    • For example, if the car is listed for $2,500 on the seller’s Facebook page and $3,000 on the Craigslist post, negotiate down from $2,500 rather than from $3,000.
  6. Email the seller if there’s no location or phone number listed in the ad. The ad should clearly indicate where the car is located and provide a contact phone number for the seller. If there’s no location or phone number listed, this may be a red flag. However, you can email the seller to see if they will provide a location and phone number. If they refuse to tell you where the car is located of give you a phone number, this is likely a scam.[7]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 6 Version 4.jpg
    • Another red flag is a location that doesn’t make sense, such as “in the mountains of Orlando.?/li>

[Edit]Evaluating the Seller

  1. Be especially wary of sellers who tell a sad story. Sob stories are often used by scammers to rush a sale, so be wary if the seller tells you one or mentions other circumstances unrelated to the car. For example, if the seller tells you a story about being laid off and needing money quickly to pay their bills, this is a red flag. Other things to watch out for include:[8]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 7.jpg
    • Saying they’re about to be deployed and need to sell the car in a hurry.
    • Claiming they have other buyers interested, so they need a decision right away.
    • Calling you repeatedly to ask if you’ve made a decision.
  2. Avoid sellers who claim to be handling the sale for someone else. If the seller says they’re handling the sale of the car for a neighbor, elderly parent, or someone else, be cautious. This is often a red flag and it may indicate that the car was stolen. Always ask to see the title and seller’s ID to ensure that the car you’re looking at belongs to the person who is selling it.[9]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 8.jpg
    • A seller may also claim to have less knowledge about the vehicle under the veil of this story, which could result in not getting clear answers to your questions about the car.
  3. Research any website that the seller directs you to for payment. The safest option is to pay the seller with cash, so be cautious if they direct you to a website to make your payment. Sellers will often provide an escrow website address to increase the buyer’s sense of security, but this does not mean they are not scamming you. Evaluate the site thoroughly to ensure that it is a legitimate website.[10]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 9.jpg
    • Avoid sellers that claim to be associated with eBay or eBay Motors as well. This is a common scam and they may even send you emails and links to websites that look like they’re coming from eBay.[11]
  4. Avoid curbstone dealers who suggest meeting at their houses. A curbstone dealer is someone who sells a car in front of their house. The person might be a dealer with an actual car lot, but they may move a car to their house and park it out front to increase the perceived value of the car. People tend to be less critical of cars that appear to be being sold by the previous owner, especially if the person lives in a nice neighborhood.[12]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 10.jpg
    • If you do decide to look at a car at someone’s house, bring a friend or family member along with you. If you don’t know much about cars, bring someone along who knows about cars.
  5. Call the seller to evaluate their knowledge and professionalism. Talking on the phone with a seller is a good way to feel out their character and ask more questions about the car. Ask about the condition of the car, any issues it has, and request a test drive if you’re interested.[13]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 11.jpg
    • As an added bonus, some sellers will also be willing to reduce the price further if they perceive you as a serious buyer.
  6. Meet the seller in a public place to conduct the final sale transaction. If you decide to buy a car from a Craigslist seller, it’s best to make your payment with cash and in person. Request to meet with the person in a public place or at the bank to ensure that you will have witnesses if the person attempts to rob you.[14]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 12.jpg
    • Never pay the person using a wire transfer or using Western Union as this is a common scam tactic.

[Edit]Assessing the Vehicle

  1. Refuse to pay any amount of money for a car you’ve never seen. If you haven’t seen the car, it may not exist. Stick to cars that are close enough to your location that you can go look at them. Avoid cars that are located in another state or country, or even vehicles that are a few hours away. Try to purchase only from local dealers so that you can bring the car in to them if there’s a problem.[15]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 13.jpg
    • Be especially wary of sellers who say they will ship the vehicle to you.[16]
  2. Compare the number on the odometer to other age-related features. The average person puts per year on a vehicle, so a car that is 3 years old would likely have around on it. If the car has considerably fewer miles, then the seller may have tampered with the odometer. Note the appearance of the interior and the condition of the tires. If the interior or tires are well-worn, then the car’s odometer may be inaccurate.[17]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 14.jpg
    • Keep in mind that elderly people and teenagers tend to drive around per year, so this could also account for lower mileage. Ask questions about the previous owner if the mileage seems low.
  3. Search for the car’s history using the vehicle identification number. Scammers may provide you with a forged report that leaves important details out of the car’s history. Do not accept a report that the seller provides. Instead, look up the car’s history using the vehicle identification number (VIN). You can search the VIN on a website like Carfax and get a full report.[18]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 15.jpg
    • Be wary of any cars that were involved in accidents or that had ongoing issues.
  4. Request to take the car on a longer test drive if the seller rushes it. Scammers often try to avoid letting potential buyers take the car for a full test drive since this may reveal issues with the car. If the seller tries to rush the test drive, tell them you would like to drive it a little longer and in different conditions to see how well it works. If they say no or try to convince you that a longer test drive is not necessary, don’t buy the car.[19]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 16.jpg
    • During the test drive, drive the car at slow and fast speeds, pay attention to how well it brakes and turns, and note any unusual sounds.
  5. Ask to get the car assessed by your mechanic before you buy it. Unless you are car savvy yourself, it can be difficult to spot issues with a car. Bring along a friend who knows a lot about cars or ask the seller to meet you at your mechanic’s garage to check the car for any serious issues.[20]
    Spot Car Scams on Craigslist Step 17.jpg
    • For example, a mechanic will be better equipped to check the engine for major issues and tell if the seller may have tampered with the car in any way.

[Edit]References

  1. ?/a> https://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/a24892/how-to-car-craigslist-scam/
  2. ?/a> https://newyork.cbslocal.com/2011/05/24/cbs-2-uncovers-used-car-scam-on-craigslist/
  3. ?/a> https://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/a24892/how-to-car-craigslist-scam/
  4. ?/a> https://www.businessinsider.com/car-scams-craigslist-2019-4#spoof-pages-1
  5. ?/a> https://www.businessinsider.com/car-scams-craigslist-2019-4#spoof-pages-1
  6. ?/a> https://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/a24892/how-to-car-craigslist-scam/
  7. ?/a> https://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/a24892/how-to-car-craigslist-scam/
  8. ?/a> https://www.businessinsider.com/car-scams-craigslist-2019-4#spoof-pages-1
  9. ?/a> https://www.roadandtrack.com/car-culture/a12216400/how-to-avoid-this-common-craigslist-car-buying-scam/
  10. ?/a> https://www.businessinsider.com/car-scams-craigslist-2019-4#spoof-pages-1
  11. ?/a> https://newyork.cbslocal.com/2011/05/24/cbs-2-uncovers-used-car-scam-on-craigslist/
  12. ?/a> https://www.roadandtrack.com/car-culture/a12216400/how-to-avoid-this-common-craigslist-car-buying-scam/
  13. ?/a> https://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/a24892/how-to-car-craigslist-scam/
  14. ?/a> https://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/a24892/how-to-car-craigslist-scam/
  15. ?/a> https://www.businessinsider.com/car-scams-craigslist-2019-4#spoof-pages-1
  16. ?/a> https://newyork.cbslocal.com/2011/05/24/cbs-2-uncovers-used-car-scam-on-craigslist/
  17. ?/a> https://www.businessinsider.com/car-scams-craigslist-2019-4#spoof-pages-1
  18. ?/a> https://www.businessinsider.com/car-scams-craigslist-2019-4#spoof-pages-1
  19. ?/a> https://www.businessinsider.com/car-scams-craigslist-2019-4#spoof-pages-1
  20. ?/a> https://www.businessinsider.com/car-scams-craigslist-2019-4#spoof-pages-1
]]>
Sat, 04 Jan 2020 08:00:00 GMT
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